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Aston, Walter, Baron Aston of Forfar (1584–1639), diplomat, was born about June 1584 at Charlecote, Warwickshire, and baptized there on 9 July, the son and heir of Sir Edward Aston of Tixall, Staffordshire, and his second wife, Anne, daughter of Sir Thomas Lucy (b. in or before 1532, d. 1600)...

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Bard, Henry, first Viscount Bellomont [Bellamont] (1615/16–1656), royalist army officer and diplomat, came of an old-established Lincolnshire family, and was the younger son of George Bard (d. 1616), vicar of Staines, Middlesex, and his wife, Susan, daughter of John Dudley. A scholar at ...

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Baynes, Roger (1546–1623), author and administrator, was the son of Hugh Baynes of Shrewsbury. In his will he mentions a brother who married in Spain and two brothers living in England. He was admitted to the Middle Temple on 24 November 1565. In May 1572 ...

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Henry Bennet, first earl of Arlington (bap. 1618, d. 1685) by Sir Peter Lely and studio, c. 1673 private collection. Photograph: Photographic Survey, Courtauld Institute of Art, London

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Bennet, Henry, first earl of Arlington (bap. 1618, d. 1685), politician, was baptized at Little Saxham, Suffolk, on 6 September 1618, the second son of Sir John Bennet (1589–1658), landowner, of Dawley, Harlington, Middlesex, and Dorothy, daughter of Sir John Crofts of Little Saxham...

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Berkenhead, William (bap. 1648, d. 1701), Jacobite spy, was apparently born at Northwich in Cheshire and baptized there in Witton Chapel on 3 April 1648. His parents were Randolph Berkenhead, the earl of Derby's bailiff in Northwich, and his wife, Elizabeth Harcourt, one of the ...

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Sir George Bowyer, seventh baronet (1811–1883) by William Edward Kilburn © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Bowyer, Sir George, seventh baronet (1811–1883), jurist and politician, was born on 8 October 1811 at Radley Park, near Abingdon, Berkshire, the eldest son of Sir George Bowyer, sixth baronet (1783–1860), of Denham Court, Buckinghamshire, and his wife, Anne Hammond, daughter of Captain Sir Andrew Snape Douglas RN...

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Bradshaigh, Sir Roger, first baronet (1628–1684), politician and colliery owner, was born at Haigh Hall, Haigh near Wigan in Lancashire, on 13 January 1628, the eldest surviving son of James Bradshaigh (1598–1631) of Haigh and his wife, Ann, fourth daughter of Sir William Norris...

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George Alfred Brown, Baron George-Brown (1914–1985) by Paul Joyce, 1976 © Paul Joyce / National Portrait Gallery, London

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Brown, George Alfred, Baron George-Brown (1914–1985), politician, was born on 2 September 1914 at Flat 22, I Block, Peabody Buildings, Duke Street, Lambeth, London, the elder son of the four children of George Brown, a grocer's packer who later worked as a driver, and his wife, ...

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Bulstrode, Sir Richard (1617–1711), diplomat and writer, probably born at Astley, Warwickshire, was the second son of Edward Bulstrode (c. 1588–1659) of the Inner Temple and his wife, Margaret, daughter of Richard Chamberlain of Astley. In 1633 he wrote a poem to mark the birth of the ...

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Burke, Thomas (c. 1744–1783), physician and politician in America, was born in co. Galway, Ireland. He was the son of Ulick Burke, a man of some education and of an Anglo-Irish protestant family that had lived in Ireland since the time of Henry II...

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James Butler, first duke of Ormond (1610–1688) by Sir Peter Lely, 1678 Kedleston Hall, The Scarsdale Collection (The National Trust). Photograph: Photographic Survey, Courtauld Institute of Art, London

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Butler, James, first duke of Ormond (1610–1688), lord lieutenant of Ireland, was born at Clerkenwell, Middlesex, on 19 October 1610.

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Calvert, Benedict Leonard, fourth Baron Baltimore (1679–1715), colonial proprietor, was born on 21 March 1679, probably at Woodcote Park in Epsom, Surrey, the second but first surviving son of Charles Calvert, third Baron Baltimore (1637–1715), and his second wife, Jane (d. 1701)...

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Calvert, Benedict Leonard (1700–1732), colonial governor, was born on 20 September 1700 at his mother's ancestral home, Ditchley Park, Oxfordshire, the second son of Benedict Leonard Calvert, fourth Baron Baltimore (1679–1715), and his wife, Charlotte (1678–1721), daughter of Edward Henry Lee, first earl of Lichfield...

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Calvert, Charles, fifth Baron Baltimore (1699–1751), colonial proprietor and politician, was born on 29 September 1699, probably at his family estate, Woodcote Park in Epsom, Surrey, the eldest son of Benedict Leonard Calvert, fourth Baron Baltimore (1679–1715), and his wife, Charlotte (1678–1721), daughter of ...

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Calvert [formerly Lazenby Calvert], Charles (c. 1688–1734), army officer and colonial governor, may have been the illegitimate son of Charles Calvert, third Baron Baltimore (1637–1715), proprietor of Maryland. The reasons for his former name Lazenby are uncertain, but most likely it indicates a connection with the ...

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George Calvert, first Baron Baltimore (1579/8080–1632) by Daniel Mytens, 1627 © reserved