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Apsley, Sir Allen (1616–1683), royalist army officer and politician, was born on 28 August 1616, and baptized at All Hallows Barking, London, on 5 September, the first son of Sir Allen Apsley (1566/7–1630), victualler of the navy and lieutenant of the Tower of London...

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Birch, John (1615–1691), parliamentarian army officer and politician, was born on 7 September 1615, the second, but first surviving, son and heir of Samuel Birch (d. in or after 1648) of Ardwick Manor, near Manchester, and Mary (d. 1659/60), daughter of ...

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Boyle, Richard, first earl of Burlington and second earl of Cork (1612–1698), royalist army officer and politician, was born on 20 October 1612 at Youghal, co. Cork, the second child but eldest surviving son of Richard Boyle, first earl of Cork (1566–1643), and his wife, ...

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Bridge, Sir Tobias (d. after 1672), parliamentarian army officer and politician, was a younger son of John Bridge (d. c.1652) of Hatfield Broad Oak, Essex, and his wife, Anne, of whom further details are unknown. His father, who was variously described as a tailor and a yeoman, was a brother of ...

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Disbrowe [Desborough], John (bap. 1608, d. 1680), parliamentarian army officer and politician, was baptized at Eltisley, Cambridgeshire, on 13 November 1608, the second son of James Disbrowe (1582–1638) and his wife, Elizabeth Marshall (d. 1628/9). His brother was Samuel Desborough [Disbrowe], politician and administrator. Their father was a gentleman and owner of the advowson of ...

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Feilding, Basil, second earl of Denbigh (c. 1608–1675), parliamentarian army officer and politician, was the son of William Feilding (c. 1587–1643) of Newnham Paddox, Warwickshire, and his wife, Susan Villiers (fl. 1606–1651), whose brother George Villiers, the favourite of James I and ...

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Fenwick, George (c. 1603–1657), colonist in America, army officer, and politician, was the son of George Fenwick of Brinkburn, Northumberland, a country squire, and his wife, Dorothy, daughter of John Forster of Newham. He matriculated at Queens' College, Cambridge, in 1619, was called to the bar at ...

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Sir Edward Harley (1624–1700) by Samuel Cooper private collection

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Harley, Sir Edward (1624–1700), politician and parliamentarian army officer, was born on 21 October 1624 at Brampton Bryan, Herefordshire, and baptized there on 24 October. He was the third but first surviving son of Sir Robert Harley (bap. 1579, d. 1656), politician, and the first son with his third wife, ...

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Laugharne, Rowland (c. 1607–1675), parliamentarian army officer and politician, was born in St Bride's, south Pembrokeshire, of a gentry family prominent in that county from the sixteenth century. His parents were John Laugharne (b. c.1587, d. after 1644) and his wife, ...

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Lyttelton, Sir Thomas, first baronet (1595/6–1650), royalist army officer and politician, was the eldest son of John Lyttelton MP (1561–1601) of Hagley, Worcestershire, and Muriel (d. 1630), daughter of Sir Thomas Bromley, lord chancellor. His father was implicated in Essex's rising (February 1601), and, after being convicted of high treason, died in prison. ...

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Edward Montagu, second earl of Manchester (1602–1671) by Sir Peter Lely, c. 1661–5 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Montagu, Edward, second earl of Manchester (1602–1671), politician and parliamentarian army officer, was the eldest son of Henry Montagu, first earl of Manchester (c. 1564–1642), judge and government official, and his first wife, Catherine (d. 1612), second daughter of Sir William Spencer...

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Popham, Alexander (1604/5–1669), politician and parliamentarian army officer, was the second son of Sir Francis Popham (1572/3–1644) of Littlecote, Wiltshire, and Wellington in Somerset, and Anne (b. 1575), daughter and heir of John Dudley of Stoke Newington, Middlesex. He matriculated from Balliol College, Oxford...

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Rigby, Alexander (bap. 1594, d. 1650), politician and parliamentarian army officer, was baptized on 9 July 1594 at Flixton, Lancashire, the eldest son of Alexander Rigby (d. 1621) of Wigan, merchant and landowner, and his first wife, Alice, daughter of Leonard Ashawe...

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Rogers, Wroth (d. 1683x5), parliamentarian army officer and politician, whose parents are unknown, was a native of Llanvach, Monmouthshire. It has been claimed that he rose from humble beginnings as a tailor through service in the parliamentarian armies. His military career began in ...

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Rous, Anthony (c. 1605–1677), parliamentarian army officer and politician, was the first son of Robert Rous of Wotton, Landrake, in Cornwall, and his wife, Jane (b. 1581), daughter of Alexander Pym of Brymore, Somerset, and sister of the politician John Pym. He was also the nephew of ...

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Sanders, Thomas (bap. 1610, d. 1695), parliamentarian soldier and politician, was baptized on 19 August 1610 at All Saints' Church, Caldwell, Derbyshire, the first son of Collingwood Sanders (1578–1653) of Caldwell, and his wife, Elizabeth Sleigh, daughter of Edmund Sleigh, of Little Ireton, Derbyshire...

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Seymour, William, first marquess of Hertford and second duke of Somerset (1587–1660), politician and royalist army officer, was born on 1 September 1587, the second but eldest surviving son of Edward Seymour, Lord Beauchamp (1561–1612) [see under Seymour, Edward, first earl of Hertford...

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Spencer, Henry, first earl of Sunderland (bap. 1620, d. 1643), politician and royalist army officer, was born at Althorp and baptized on 23 November 1620 at Brington, Northamptonshire, the eldest son and heir of William Spencer, second Baron Spencer of Wormleighton (bap...