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Backhouse, Edward (1808–1879), Quaker minister and historical writer, was born at Darlington on 8 May 1808, the son of Edward and Mary Backhouse. He lived from his youth at Sunderland, where he was partner in the collieries and the bank with which his family had been connected for many years, although he took no active part in the business. He was fond of travel, a good amateur painter, and a student of natural history. He devoted himself chiefly to the promotion of philanthropic and religious causes. He was a generous supporter of various institutions in ...

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Alexander Gordon

revised by K. D. Reynolds

Barclay, Robert (1833–1876), Quaker and ecclesiastical historian, was born at Croydon on 4 August 1833, the younger son of John Barclay (1797–1838), a descendant of the Quaker apologist Robert Barclay, and himself an expert on the early literature of the Society of Friends...

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Thompson Cooper

revised by John D. Haigh

Denham, Michael Aislabie (1800/01–1859), collector of folklore, was a native of Bowes, Yorkshire, who worked at Hull in the early part of his life and ultimately settled as a general merchant at Piercebridge, near Gainford, co. Durham, where he was a member of the ...

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Dodds, Madeleine Hope (1885–1972), historian, was born on 2 January 1885. She was the second of the five children (four daughters and one son) of Edwin Dodds (d. 1929) of Home House, Kells Lane, Low Fell, Gateshead, co. Durham, and his wife, ...

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Foster, Joseph (1844–1905), genealogist and antiquary, born at Sunniside, Sunderland, on 9 March 1844, was the eldest of five sons and three daughters of Joseph Foster, a woollen draper of Bishopwearmouth, co. Durham, and his wife, Elizabeth, daughter of Emanuel Taylor. His grandfather was ...

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Thomas Hodgkin (1831–1913) by John Worsnop, 1911 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Hodgkin, Thomas (1831–1913), historian, was born on 29 July 1831 at Bruce Grove, Tottenham, the second son of John Hodgkin (1800–1875), barrister of Lincoln's Inn, and his first wife, Elizabeth (d. 1836), daughter of the meteorologist Luke Howard. The Hodgkins were Quakers, and ...

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Marwick, Arthur John Brereton (1936–2006), historian, was born on 29 February 1936 at the Elsie Inglis Maternity Hospital, Edinburgh, the younger son of William Hutton Marwick (1894–1982), economic historian, and his wife, Maeve Cluna, née Brereton. His parents, who lived at 5 Northfield Crescent, Edinburgh...

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Mattingly, Harold (1884–1964), numismatist and ancient historian, was born at Market Hill, Sudbury, Suffolk, on 24 December 1884, the son of Robert Mattingly, a clothier who became a JP and mayor of Sudbury, and his wife, Gertrude Emma Boggis. In January 1896 he went to the ...

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Theodore William Moody (1907–1984) by unknown photographer, 1968 David H. Davison / Royal Irish Academy

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Moody, Theodore William (1907–1984), historian, was born in Belfast on 26 November 1907, the second child and only son of William John Moody and his wife, Ann Isabella Dippie, members of the Plymouth Brethren sect. A scholar and teacher of eminence, 'he was driven by an inner force elevated by a dedication which was not just scholarship but which embraced it...

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Power, Sir D'Arcy (1855–1941), surgeon and historian, was born at 3 Grosvenor Terrace, Pimlico, London, on 11 November 1855, the eldest of six sons and five daughters of Henry Power, then assistant surgeon at the Westminster Ophthalmic Hospital, and his wife and first cousin, ...

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Redfern, Percy (1875–1958), journalist and historian of the co-operative movement, was born in Leicester, the illegitimate son of a housekeeper. He was brought up by his father, Francis Redfern, who was an architect, and by his stepmother. The precise details of his background and early life are obscure but he was educated at various schools, including a dame-school, church school, and boarding-school in ...

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Frederic Seebohm (1833–1912) by Elliott & Fry private collection

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Seebohm, Frederic (1833–1912), historian and banker, was born at Hillside House, Bradford, on 23 November 1833. His father was Benjamin Seebohm (1798–1871), a wool merchant and a prominent and active minister of the Society of Friends, who had come to Bradford from Friedensthal...

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Smith, Charlotte Fell (1851–1937), historian, was born on 2 January 1851 at Pattiswick Hall, Essex, the last surviving child of Joseph Smith (1813–1904), farmer and JP of Woolpits, Great Saling, Essex, and his wife, Mary, eldest daughter of James Christy of Chelmsford. The ...

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Wood, Herbert George (1879–1963), theologian and historian, was born on 2 September 1879 in London, the second of three children of the Revd John Roskruge Wood (d. 1923), minister of Upper Holloway Baptist Church, and his wife, Frances Anne Wren (d...