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Berry, James (d. 1691), parliamentarian army officer and major-general, was in the late 1630s employed as a clerk in an ironworks in the west midlands. He was a friend of the puritan divine Richard Baxter with whom he shared a house for some time. ...

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Sir William Brereton, first baronet (1604–1661) by unknown engraver, pubd 1647 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Brereton, Sir William, first baronet (1604–1661), parliamentarian army officer, was born on 13 September 1604 and baptized in the Manchester collegiate church two weeks later. He was the eldest son of William Brereton (1584–1610) of Handforth, and Margaret Holland (1585–1609), daughter of Richard Holland...

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William Cunningham, eighth earl of Glencairn (1610/1111–1664) by John Michael Wright, c. 1661 Scottish National Portrait Gallery

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Cunningham, William, eighth earl of Glencairn (1610/11–1664), royalist army officer, was the son of William Cunningham, seventh earl of Glencairn (d. 1631) [see under Cunningham family], and Janet Kerr, daughter of Mark Kerr, first earl of Lothian. In March 1630 he matriculated at ...

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Robert Devereux, third earl of Essex (1591–1646) by unknown artist, c. 1620 private collection; on loan to the National Portrait Gallery, London

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Devereux, Robert, third earl of Essex (1591–1646), parliamentarian army officer, was born on 11 January 1591 at Walsingham House in Hart Street, London, and baptized there in the chapel on 22 January by Lancelot Andrewes. He was the first-born son of Robert Devereux, ...

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Drummond, William, first viscount of Strathallan (c. 1617–1688), royalist army officer, was the fifth son of John Drummond, second Lord Maderty (d. 1649×51), and Margaret Leslie, eldest daughter of Patrick Leslie, first Lord Lindores. Drummond attended the University of St Andrews, and served as a captain in the Scottish army in ...

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Eyre [Eyres, Ayres], William (fl. 1634–1675), parliamentarian army officer and Leveller, is of obscure origins; the place and date of his birth and the names of his parents are not known. His rank of captain in a cavalry regiment during the first civil war suggests that he may have come from the rural middling sort. In his ...

Article

See Eyre [Eyres, Ayres], William

Article

Fenwick, George (c. 1603–1657), colonist in America, army officer, and politician, was the son of George Fenwick of Brinkburn, Northumberland, a country squire, and his wife, Dorothy, daughter of John Forster of Newham. He matriculated at Queens' College, Cambridge, in 1619, was called to the bar at ...

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Fortescue, Sir Faithful (b. in or before 1581, d. 1666), royalist army officer, was the second son (there were also two daughters) of John Fortescue (d. 1604) of Buckland Filleigh, Devon, and his second wife, Susannah, daughter of Sir John Chichester, of ...

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Gookin, Robert (d. 1666/7?), parliamentarian army officer, was the second son of the Munster planter Sir Vincent Gookin (d. 1638) and his first wife, Mary Wood. The politician and author Vincent Gookin (c. 1616–1659) was his elder brother.

Gookin evidently served in the king's army in ...

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Gordon, Sir John, of Haddo, baronet (d. 1644), royalist army officer, was the son of George Gordon the younger of Haddo (d. in or before 1624) and Margaret Bannerman, daughter of George Bannerman of Wattertoun. Their marriage contract was dated 1606, and ...

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James Graham, first marquess of Montrose (1612–1650) attrib. Willem van Honthorst Scottish National Portrait Gallery

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Graham, James, first marquess of Montrose (1612–1650), royalist army officer, was the son of John Graham, fourth earl of Montrose (1573–1626), and Margaret Ruthven, daughter of William Ruthven, first earl of Gowrie.

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Greville, Robert, second Baron Brooke of Beauchamps Court (1607–1643), parliamentarian army officer and religious writer, was born in May 1607, the son of Fulke Greville (1575–1632) of Thorpe Latimer, Lincolnshire, and his wife, Mary, daughter of Christopher Copley of Wadsworth, Yorkshire. Mary's first husband was another ...

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Hammond, Robert (1620/21–1654), parliamentarian army officer, was born probably in Chertsey, Surrey, the eldest son of Robert Hammond (d. 1623), a country gentleman of Surrey, and his wife, Elizabeth Thorneton. His grandfather Dr John Hammond (d. 1617) was a distinguished court physician. The ...

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Haynes, Hezekiah (d. 1693), parliamentarian army officer and deputy major-general, was the second son of John Haynes (1594–1654) of Copford Hall in Essex and Mary Thornton, daughter of Robert Thornton of Nottingham. A staunch puritan, John Haynes emigrated to New England in 1633 and was later governor of both ...

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Hewson, John, appointed Lord Hewson under the protectorate (fl. 1630–1660), army officer and regicide, rose to prominence from low social origins. During the 1630s he was employed as a shoemaker or cobbler in Westminster and Edward Hyde later claimed that he was also for a time a brewer's clerk. In 1642 he enlisted in the parliamentarian forces and subsequently served under the earls of ...