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Alured, Matthew (bap. 1615, d. 1694), parliamentarian army officer, was baptized at Sculcoates, Yorkshire, on 3 January 1615, the sixth son of Henry Alured (c.1581–1628) of the Charterhouse, near Hull, and his wife, Frances (d. 1626), daughter of Francis Vaughan...

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Atkinson, Robert (d. 1664), parliamentarian army officer and conspirator, was born in Winton, Westmorland, of a local family. He later married and had children, but little is known of his private life. According to Sir Philip Musgrave, before the civil war Atkinson had been a yeoman farmer with lands worth some ...

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Birch, Thomas (bap. 1608, d. 1678), parliamentarian army officer, was baptized on 5 June 1608 at Eccles, Lancashire, the only son of George Birch (d. 1611) of Birch, near Manchester, and his wife, Anne, daughter of Ellis Hey of Monkshall in the parish of ...

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Duckenfield [Duckenfeild], Robert (1619–1689), parliamentarian army officer, was possibly born at Portwood Hall, Stockport, Cheshire, the eldest of the seven children of Robert Duckenfield, esquire (bap. 1597, d. 1630), and his wife, Frances (d. 1663), daughter of George Preston of Holker, Lancashire...

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Thomas Fairfax, third Lord Fairfax of Cameron (1612–1671) by William Marshall, pubd 1647 (after Edward Bower) © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Fairfax, Thomas, third Lord Fairfax of Cameron (1612–1671), parliamentarian army officer, was born at Denton, Yorkshire, on 17 January 1612, the first son of Ferdinando Fairfax, second Lord Fairfax of Cameron (1584–1648), and his first wife, Mary Sheffield (d. 1619), the daughter of ...

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Fenwick, George (c. 1603–1657), colonist in America, army officer, and politician, was the son of George Fenwick of Brinkburn, Northumberland, a country squire, and his wife, Dorothy, daughter of John Forster of Newham. He matriculated at Queens' College, Cambridge, in 1619, was called to the bar at ...

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Fiennes, John, appointed Lord Fiennes under the protectorate (d. in or before 1710), parliamentarian army officer and politician, was the third son of William Fiennes, eighth baron and first Viscount Saye and Sele (1582–1662), and Elizabeth (d. 1648), daughter of John Temple...

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Sir John Gell, first baronet (bap. 1593, d. 1671) by unknown artist unknown collection / Christie's; photograph National Portrait Gallery, London

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Gell, Sir John, first baronet (bap. 1593, d. 1671), parliamentarian army officer, was born at Hopton Hall, Derbyshire, and baptized at nearby Carsington church on 2 July 1593. He was the eldest son of Thomas Gell (1532–1594) of Hopton, and Millicent, daughter of ...

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Edmund Ludlow (1616/1717–1692) by Robert White, 1689 Yale Center for British Art, Paul Mellon Collection

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Ludlow [Ludlowe], Edmund (1616/17–1692), army officer and regicide, was born in Maiden Bradley, Wiltshire, the son of Sir Henry Ludlow (1592?–1643) of Maiden Bradley and his wife, Elizabeth (d. 1660), daughter of Richard Phelips of Montacute, Somerset.

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Massey, Sir Edward (1604x9–1674), parliamentarian and royalist army officer, was the fourth of eleven sons of John Massey of Coddington, Cheshire, and Anne (b. 1582), daughter of Richard Grosvenor of Eaton, Cheshire. The family were long-established minor gentry with various estates in ...

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Matthew Tomlinson, appointed Lord Tomlinson under the protectorate (bap. 1617, d. 1681) by unknown artist, c. 1650 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Tomlinson [Thomlinson], Matthew, appointed Lord Tomlinson under the protectorate (bap. 1617, d. 1681), parliamentarian army officer and politician, was baptized at St Michael-le-Belfry, York, on 24 September 1617, two months after the death of his father, John Thomlinson. When Matthew was nine his mother, ...