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Sir (Francis) Leopold McClintock (1819–1907) by Stephen Pearce, 1859 © National Portrait Gallery, London

Article

McClintock, Sir (Francis) Leopold (1819–1907), naval officer and Arctic explorer, born at Dundalk, co. Louth, on 8 July 1819, was the eldest son of Henry McClintock, formerly of the 3rd dragoon guards, customs collector of Dundalk, and his wife, Elizabeth Melesina, daughter of the ...

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John Rae (1813–1893) by Stephen Pearce, exh. RA 1853 © National Portrait Gallery, London

Article

Rae, John (1813–1893), Arctic explorer, was born on 30 September 1813 at the Hall of Clestrain, near Stromness, Orkney Islands, the sixth of nine children of John Rae, factor, an Orcadian, and his wife, Margaret Glen, a Campbell from Argyll. He spent his boyhood in ...

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Samuel Wallis (1728–1795) by unknown artist © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Wallis, Samuel (1728–1795), naval officer and Pacific explorer, the son of John Wallis (1680–1768) and Sarah Barrett (d. 1731), was born in April 1728 at Fentonwoon, Cornwall, and baptized on 23 April 1728 at Lanteglos. He served in the navy as midshipman and master's mate before receiving his lieutenant's commission in October 1748. After serving as lieutenant on several ships from 1753 onwards, he received his first command, the sloop ...