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Alured, John (bap. 1607, d. 1651), army officer and regicide, was baptized in the parish of All Saints, Sculcoates, Hull, Yorkshire, on 4 April 1607, the eldest son of Henry Alured (c.1581–1628), gentleman landowner, and his wife, Frances (d. 1626)...

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Alured, Matthew (bap. 1615, d. 1694), parliamentarian army officer, was baptized at Sculcoates, Yorkshire, on 3 January 1615, the sixth son of Henry Alured (c.1581–1628) of the Charterhouse, near Hull, and his wife, Frances (d. 1626), daughter of Francis Vaughan...

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Atkinson, Robert (d. 1664), parliamentarian army officer and conspirator, was born in Winton, Westmorland, of a local family. He later married and had children, but little is known of his private life. According to Sir Philip Musgrave, before the civil war Atkinson had been a yeoman farmer with lands worth some ...

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Balfour, Sir William (d. 1660), parliamentarian army officer, was the son of Colonel Henry Balfour (d. 1580), a member of the Balfour family of Pitcullo, Fife, and his wife, Christian Cant.

William Balfour followed his father's example by serving the Dutch in the ...

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Berry, James (d. 1691), parliamentarian army officer and major-general, was in the late 1630s employed as a clerk in an ironworks in the west midlands. He was a friend of the puritan divine Richard Baxter with whom he shared a house for some time. ...

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Birch, Thomas (bap. 1608, d. 1678), parliamentarian army officer, was baptized on 5 June 1608 at Eccles, Lancashire, the only son of George Birch (d. 1611) of Birch, near Manchester, and his wife, Anne, daughter of Ellis Hey of Monkshall in the parish of ...

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Sir William Brereton, first baronet (1604–1661) by unknown engraver, pubd 1647 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Brereton, Sir William, first baronet (1604–1661), parliamentarian army officer, was born on 13 September 1604 and baptized in the Manchester collegiate church two weeks later. He was the eldest son of William Brereton (1584–1610) of Handforth, and Margaret Holland (1585–1609), daughter of Richard Holland...

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Chillenden, Edmund (fl. 1631–1678), parliamentarian army officer and General Baptist leader, was the son of William Chillenden, yeoman, of Faversham, Kent. His father had died by the time he was bound to the Merchant Taylors' Company of London in February 1631. He gained his freedom of the company in March 1637 and worked for his former master as a button-seller living in ...

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Cobbett, John (d. 1657), parliamentarian army officer and Leveller, was son of Ralph Cobbett, a gentleman from Weston, Northamptonshire. John was a Londoner who probably served an apprenticeship during the 1630s, like his brothers Ralph and Robert. In 1642 all three brothers joined the parliamentarian army as officers of foot. ...

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William Cunningham, eighth earl of Glencairn (1610/1111–1664) by John Michael Wright, c. 1661 Scottish National Portrait Gallery

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Cunningham, William, eighth earl of Glencairn (1610/11–1664), royalist army officer, was the son of William Cunningham, seventh earl of Glencairn (d. 1631) [see under Cunningham family], and Janet Kerr, daughter of Mark Kerr, first earl of Lothian. In March 1630 he matriculated at ...

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Dawkins, Rowland (1618–1691), parliamentarian army officer and deputy major-general, was born at Kilvrough (or Cil-frwch), Pennard, Glamorgan, the eldest son of George Dawkins (fl. 1600–1640), a minor gentleman, and Elizabeth, the daughter of the serjeant-at-law William Glyn of Clynnog Fawr, Caernarvonshire. In September 1643, a year after the civil war had broken out, ...

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Robert Devereux, third earl of Essex (1591–1646) by unknown artist, c. 1620 private collection; on loan to the National Portrait Gallery, London

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Devereux, Robert, third earl of Essex (1591–1646), parliamentarian army officer, was born on 11 January 1591 at Walsingham House in Hart Street, London, and baptized there in the chapel on 22 January by Lancelot Andrewes. He was the first-born son of Robert Devereux, ...

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Disbrowe [Desborough], John (bap. 1608, d. 1680), parliamentarian army officer and politician, was baptized at Eltisley, Cambridgeshire, on 13 November 1608, the second son of James Disbrowe (1582–1638) and his wife, Elizabeth Marshall (d. 1628/9). His brother was Samuel Desborough [Disbrowe], politician and administrator. Their father was a gentleman and owner of the advowson of ...

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Drummond, William, first viscount of Strathallan (c. 1617–1688), royalist army officer, was the fifth son of John Drummond, second Lord Maderty (d. 1649×51), and Margaret Leslie, eldest daughter of Patrick Leslie, first Lord Lindores. Drummond attended the University of St Andrews, and served as a captain in the Scottish army in ...

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Duckenfield [Duckenfeild], Robert (1619–1689), parliamentarian army officer, was possibly born at Portwood Hall, Stockport, Cheshire, the eldest of the seven children of Robert Duckenfield, esquire (bap. 1597, d. 1630), and his wife, Frances (d. 1663), daughter of George Preston of Holker, Lancashire...

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Eyre [Eyres, Ayres], William (fl. 1634–1675), parliamentarian army officer and Leveller, is of obscure origins; the place and date of his birth and the names of his parents are not known. His rank of captain in a cavalry regiment during the first civil war suggests that he may have come from the rural middling sort. In his ...

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See Eyre [Eyres, Ayres], William