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James Braid (1795–1860) by unknown engraver, 1851 Wellcome Library, London


Braid, James (1795–1860), surgeon and hypnotist, son of James Braid and his wife, Anne Suttie, was born on 19 June 1795 at Ryelaw in a detached part of the parish of Portmoak, Kinross, Scotland. His father owned land in Ryelaw and in neighbouring ...


Esdaile, James (1808–1859), East India Company surgeon and mesmerist, was born on 8 February 1808 in Montrose, Forfarshire, Scotland, the eldest son of the Revd James Esdaile and his wife, Margaret Blair. He studied at the University of Edinburgh where he graduated MD, and subsequently gained an appointment as assistant surgeon in the ...