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Addis, Sir Charles Stewart (1861–1945), banker and government adviser, was born on 23 November 1861 in Edinburgh, the youngest of twelve children of the Revd Thomas Addis (1813–1899), a Free Church of Scotland minister, and his wife, Robina, daughter of a tea merchant in ...

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Auld [née Jardine; other married name Marshall], Mary (1893–1984), local politician and women's organizer, was born on 8 July 1893 in Main Street, Lockerbie, Dumfriesshire, the fourth child of seven born to Francis Jardine, clog maker, and his wife, Agnes Wallace. She attended ...

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Bannerman, John Macdonald, Baron Bannerman of Kildonan (1901–1969), politician and rugby player, was born at 71 Seymour Street, Crossmyloof, Glasgow, on 1 September 1901, the son of John Roderick Bannerman (d. 1938), who was originally from South Uist, and his wife, Mary Macdonald (...

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Brown, George (1818–1880), politician and journalist in Canada, was born at Alloa, Scotland, on 29 November 1818. His father, Peter Brown (1784–1863), also a journalist in Canada, born in Edinburgh on 29 June 1784, the son of James Brown, a builder and general commissioner of police, was originally a merchant. Following financial difficulties he emigrated in 1837 to ...

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Maker: Thomas John Clapperton

John Buchan, first Baron Tweedsmuir (1875–1940) by Thomas John Clapperton, 1935 Scottish National Portrait Gallery

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Buchan, John, first Baron Tweedsmuir (1875–1940), author, publisher, and governor-general of Canada, was born at Perth on 26 August 1875, the eldest child in the family of four sons and one surviving daughter of John Buchan (1847–1911), Free Church of Scotland minister, and his wife, ...

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Campbell, John, second marquess of Breadalbane (1796–1862), politician and courtier, known in his younger days as Lord Glenorchy, and, after his father's elevation to the marquessate in 1831, as earl of Ormelie, was born at Dundee on 26 October 1796. He was the son of ...

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Carlyle, Sir Robert Warrand (1859–1934), administrator in India and writer on medieval subjects, was born at Brechin on 11 July 1859, the elder son of James Edward Carlyle (1821–1893), minister of the Free church at Brechin, and his wife, Jessie Margaret, daughter of ...

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Cowan, Charles (1801–1889), paper manufacturer and politician, born on 7 June 1801 at 12 or 14 Charlotte Street, Edinburgh (as he said in his Reminiscences), was the eldest of the eleven children of Alexander Cowan (d. 1859), owner of paper mills at ...

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Sir John Cowan, baronet (1814–1900) by unknown engraver, pubd 1894 (after Thomas Fall) © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Cowan, Sir John, baronet (1814–1900), paper manufacturer and political organizer, was born at 5 St John's Street, Edinburgh, on 7 May 1814, one of the eight children to reach maturity of Alexander Cowan (d. 1859), also a paper manufacturer, of Edinburgh and ...

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Dunlop, Alexander Colquhoun-Stirling-Murray- (1798–1870), lawyer and politician, was born in Keppoch, Dunbartonshire, on 27 December 1798, the son of Alexander Dunlop (1766–1840), of Keppoch, and his second wife, Margaret Colquhoun (1768–1818), of Kenmure, Lanarkshire, eldest daughter of William Colquhoun. Dunlop's half-brothers were John Dunlop...

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Sir Andrew Henderson Leith Fraser (1848–1919) by Lafayette, 1906 V&A Images, The Victoria and Albert Museum

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Fraser, Sir Andrew Henderson Leith (1848–1919), administrator in India, was born at Bombay on 14 November 1848, the eldest son of Dr Alexander Garden Fraser, Presbyterian missionary, and his wife, Joanna Maria, daughter of John Shaw, a minister in Skye descended from a ...

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Peter Fraser (1884–1950) by Elliott & Fry, 1942 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Fraser, Peter (1884–1950), prime minister of New Zealand, was born on 28 August 1884 in the highland village of Fearn, Ross-shire, the fifth of six children of Donald Fraser, the village shoemaker, and his wife, Isabella McLeod. Peter left the local board school for a carpentry apprenticeship when he was fourteen, already with an interest in politics inherited from his father, who was a leading member of the local branch of the ...

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(Susan Elizabeth) Mary Jeune, Lady St Helier (1845–1931) by (Mary) Olive Edis, 1914 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Jeune [née Stewart-Mackenzie other married name Stanley], (Susan Elizabeth) Mary, Lady St Helier (1845–1931), hostess, was born in Munich, Bavaria, on 18 May 1845, the eldest of the three children of Keith William Stewart-Mackenzie (1818–1881) of Seaforth, army officer, and his first wife, ...

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A. J. Arbuthnot

revised by Roger T. Stearn

Mackenzie, Colin (1806–1881), army and political officer in India, born in London on 25 March 1806, was the penultimate son of Kenneth Francis Mackenzie (1748–1831) and his wife, Anne, née Townsend (d. 1846). His father, of the Redcastle branch of Mackenzies, was a barrister, plantation owner, and attorney-general of ...

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Sir William Mackinnon, baronet (1823–1893) by Eveleen Myers © National Portrait Gallery, London