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Article

H. B. Grimsditch

revised by Geoffrey L. Asherson

Adami, John George (1862–1926), pathologist, was born on 12 January 1862 in the Albion Hotel, Piccadilly, Manchester. He was the second son of five sons and four daughters of John George Adami, hotel proprietor, and his wife, Sarah Ann Ellis, daughter of Thomas Leech...

Article

W. J. Bishop

revised by Claire E. J. Herrick

Arkwright, Sir Joseph Arthur (1864–1944), bacteriologist, was born at Thurlaston, Leicestershire, on 22 March 1864, the youngest of the five children of Arthur William Arkwright, gentleman farmer, of Broughton Hall, Astley, and his wife and second cousin, Emma (d. 1866), daughter of ...

Article

Ashton, Norman Henry (1913–2000), pathologist, was born on 11 September 1913 at 60 Highlever Road, North Kensington, London, the second son of Henry James Ashton, a cheesemonger's assistant, and his wife, Margaret Ann, née Tuck. He attended West Kensington central school but left at sixteen to work as a laboratory assistant in a ...

Article

Arthur S. MacNalty

revised by Mary E. Gibson

Balfour, Sir Andrew (1873–1931), expert in tropical medicine and novelist, was born in Edinburgh on 21 March 1873, the eldest son of Thomas Alexander Goldie Balfour MD, of Edinburgh, and his wife, Margaret, daughter of Peter Christall, of Elgin. He was educated at ...

Article

Barber, Mary (1911–1965), bacteriologist, was born in Derby on 3 April 1911, the third daughter of Hugh Barber, physician, and Ethel M. Howlett. She was educated at Alice Ottley School, Worcester, and the London School of Medicine for Women; she obtained the conjoint diploma in 1934 and graduated MB BS in 1936. She then became resident pathologist and A. M. Bird scholar in the pathology unit of the ...

Article

J. A. Boycott

revised by Geoffrey L. Asherson

Boycott, Arthur Edwin (1877–1938), pathologist and naturalist, was born at Hereford on 6 April 1877, the third son of William Boycott, solicitor, and his wife, Eliza Mellard. He was educated at Hereford Cathedral school, and gained the senior classical scholarship at Oriel College, Oxford...

Article

Boyd, Sir John Smith Knox (1891–1981), bacteriologist, was born on 18 September 1891 at Largs, Ayrshire, the second of three sons (there were no daughters) of John Knox Boyd, an agent in the Royal Bank of Scotland, and his wife, Margaret Wilson Smith...

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Stanley George Browne (1907–1986) by Elliott & Fry, 1956 © National Portrait Gallery, London

Article

Browne, Stanley George (1907–1986), leprologist and medical missionary, was born on 8 December 1907 at 77 Bousefield Road, New Cross, London, the second of the five children of Arthur Browne (1874–1967), Post Office clerk, and his wife, Edith Lillywhite (1887–1927). His formal instruction started when, after much pleading, he entered ...

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Sir David Bruce (1855–1931) by unknown photographer, 1894–6 Wellcome Library, London

Article

S. R. Christophers

revised by Helen J. Power

Bruce, Sir David (1855–1931), bacteriologist and parasitologist, was born in Melbourne, Australia, on 29 May 1855, the only son of David Bruce, of Edinburgh, and his wife, Jane, daughter of Alexander Hamilton, of Stirling. His father was presumably an engineer, who went to ...

Article

Budd, William (1811–1880), physician and epidemiologist, was born on 14 September 1811 at Melhuishes in the village of North Tawton, Devon, where his father, Samuel (1772–1841), practised as a surgeon until his death. Previous generations had been educated at Oxford, but Samuel appears to have studied medicine via apprenticeship and service in the navy. ...

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Denis Parsons Burkitt (1911–1993) by Godfrey Argent, 1973 Godfrey Argent Studios / Royal Society

Article

Burkitt, Denis Parsons (1911–1993), surgeon and geographical epidemiologist, was born at Alexander Terrace, Enniskillen, co. Fermanagh, Ireland, on 28 February 1911, the elder of the two sons of James Parsons Burkitt (1870–1959), an engineer and county surveyor for Fermanagh, and his wife, Gwendolyn Hill (1878–1960)...

Article

J. M. Cameron

revised by K. D. Watson

Camps, Francis Edward (1905–1972), forensic scientist, was born on 28 June 1905 at Teddington, Middlesex, the eldest of the three sons of Percy William Leopold Camps (1878–1956), a general practitioner and surgeon, and his wife, Alice, daughter of Joseph Redfern, of Matlock. He was educated at ...

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Sir Clement Clapton Chesterman (1894–1983) by Elliott & Fry, 1951 © National Portrait Gallery, London

Article

Chesterman, Sir Clement Clapton (1894–1983), medical missionary and specialist in tropical diseases, was born on 30 May 1894 at 6 Woodland Place, Bath, the fifth son of William Thomas Chesterman (1856–1923), solicitor, and the second son of his second wife, Elizabeth Clapton (1869–1952)...

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Sir Robert Christison, first baronet (1797–1882) attrib. John Moffat, c. 1860 © National Portrait Gallery, London

Article

Christison, Sir Robert, first baronet (1797–1882), toxicologist and physician, was born in Edinburgh on 18 July 1797, the second son, and elder of twin sons, born to Alexander Christison (d. 1820), a master at Edinburgh high school, and later professor of Latin at ...

Article

Claypon, Janet Elizabeth Lane- [married name Janet Elizabeth Forber, Lady Forber] (1877–1967), physiologist and epidemiologist, was born on 3 February 1877 at 118 High Street, Boston, Lincolnshire, the second of four children of William Ward Claypon Lane-Claypon, (1845–1939), banker, and his wife, ...