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Argyle, (John) Michael (1925–2002), social psychologist, was born on 11 August 1925 at 2 First Avenue, Sherwood Rise, Nottingham, the only child of George Edgar Argyle, a schoolmaster, and his wife, Phyllis, née Hawkins-Ambler, both of whom died when he was eleven years old. He was educated at ...

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Ashburne, John (bap. 1607, d. 1661), Church of England clergyman and madhouse keeper, was the son of Robert Ashburne of Crowle, Lincolnshire, where he was baptized on 19 July 1607. Ashburne matriculated sizar at Emmanuel College, Cambridge, in 1625; he graduated BA and was ordained deacon at ...

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Bakewell, Thomas (1761–1835), mad-doctor and poet, was born on 1 June 1761 at Kingstone, near Uttoxeter, in Staffordshire. He was raised by his maternal grandfather, John Chadwick, who kept a private mad-house at Grindon in the Peak District. Chadwick moved to Ashbourne in ...

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Michael Maurice Balint (1896–1970) by Dr Edward H. Stein private collection

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Balint, Michael Maurice [formerly Mihaly Bergsmann] (1896–1970), psychoanalyst, was born on 3 December 1896 in Baross Street, Jozsefvaros, a residential section of Budapest, Hungary. He was the first of the two children of Ignac Bergsmann, a general medical practitioner. Both his parents were descendants of German Jewish families who had been fully assimilated Hungarians for only two or three generations. He later changed his name to ...

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Bennet, Edward Armstrong (1888–1977), psychiatrist, was born on 21 October 1888 in Poyntzpass, co. Down, Ireland, the younger of twin sons, and last of the five children born to William Boyd Bennet (d. 1897), farmer, and his wife, Marion, née McCaldin (...

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Bishop [née Wall], Bernardine Anna Livia Mary (1939–2013), novelist and psychotherapist, was born on 16 August 1939 at her maternal family home, 47 Palace Court, Bayswater, London, the second daughter of the Salford-born Bernard Joseph Wall (1908–1974), author, editor, and translator, educated at ...

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Blacker, Carlos Paton (1895–1975), psychiatrist and eugenicist, was born on 8 December 1895 in Paris, the elder of the two sons of Carlos Blacker and Caroline Frost. His father, a gentleman of independent means, was descended on his maternal side from a prominent Peruvian political family, and one of ...

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Blandford, George Fielding (1829–1911), physician and psychiatrist, was born at Hindon, Wiltshire, on 7 March 1829, the only son of George Blandford (bap. 1796), a surgeon who practised successively at Hindon, Hadlow in Kent, and Rugby, and his wife, Mary Fielding (1794?–1852)...

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Boyle, Helen (1869–1957), physician and specialist in the treatment of mental illness, was born in Dublin on 19 November 1869, the eldest of the five children of Richard Warneford Boyle (d. 1900), a banker, and Alice Mary (d. 1921), née Chambers...

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Donald Eric Broadbent (1926–1993) by unknown photographer © Margaret Broadbent

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Broadbent, Donald Eric (1926–1993), psychologist, was born on 6 May 1926 at 361 Station Road, Yardley, Birmingham, the youngest of the three children of Herbert Arthur Broadbent (b. c.1890), accountant, and his wife, Hannah Elizabeth (Margie) Williams (1893–1965), a secretary before her marriage. Although born in ...

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Brown, William (1881–1952), psychologist and psychiatrist, was born on 5 December 1881 at the School House, Slinfold, Horsham, Sussex, the second son of William Brown, a schoolmaster of Northumbrian origins, and his wife, Kezia Harriett (née Evans). He attended Collyer's School in ...

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Browne, Sir James Crichton- (1840–1938), physician and psychiatrist, was born in Edinburgh on 29 November 1840, the first of the eight children of William Alexander Francis Browne (1805–1885) and his wife, Magdalene Howden Balfour, daughter of Dr Andrew Balfour of Edinburgh. The addition of ...

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Browne, William Alexander Francis (1805–1885), alienist, was born on 24 June 1805 in Stirling, the son of William Browne (c.1785–1806), a lieutenant in the Cameronians, who drowned in the wreck of a troopship on the Goodwin Sands, and his wife, Jessie (...

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Carstairs, George Morrison [Morris] (1916–1991), psychiatrist, was born on 18 June 1916, the son of the Revd Dr George Carstairs, a distinguished, dedicated Church of Scotland missionary stationed in Mussooree, India, and his wife, Elizabeth Huntley Young. Son and father shared a passion for their adopted country, and from childhood onwards ...

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Clark, David Stafford- (1916–1999), psychiatrist, was born on 17 March 1916 at Blackmoor, London Lane, Bromley, Kent, one of the children of Francis Stafford-Clark (1895–1948), solicitor, and his wife, Cordelia Susan (1898–1968), daughter of William Henry Stephens, an executive in the textile industry. From ...

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Clouston, Sir Thomas Smith (1840–1915), asylum physician, was born on 22 April 1840 at Nisthouse, Orkney, the youngest of the four sons of Robert Clouston, an Orkney laird, and Janet Smith of Stromness. He was educated at West End Academy in Aberdeen, studied medicine at ...

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John Conolly (1794–1866) by William Walker (after Sir John Watson-Gordon, exh. RA 1851) © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Conolly, John (1794–1866), physician and alienist, was born at his grandmother's house in Market Rasen, Lincolnshire, on 27 May 1794, the second of three sons of Jonathon Conolly, an impecunious Anglo-Irish gentleman of no fixed pursuits, and of his wife, Dorothy Tennyson (1761–1816)...