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Bald (fl. c. 900), supposed physician and medical writer, was the owner and probable author of a work titled Læceboc (leechbook), a compilation in Old English of medical recipes and treatments. All that is known of Bald is to be found in the Latin verse colophon to the ...

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Sir George Ballingall (1780–1855) by unknown engraver Wellcome Library, London

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Ballingall, Sir George (1780–1855), military surgeon and medical writer, was born on 2 May 1780 at Forglen, Banffshire, the son of the Revd Robert Ballingall, and his wife, a daughter of J. Simson of Edinshead. His education began at the Falkland parish school...

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Monica Eileen Baly (1914–1998) by unknown photographer [detail] © reserved / News International Syndication; photograph National Portrait Gallery, London

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Baly, Monica Eileen (1914–1998), nurse and historian of nursing, was born on 24 May 1914 at 23 Shirley Park Road, Shirley, near Croydon, Surrey, the first of the two children, and the only daughter, of Albert Frank Baly (d. 1953), a clerk with ...

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Barclay, William (b. c. 1570, d. in or after 1627), medical writer and Latin poet, was born at Cullen, Banffshire, one of at least three sons of Walter Barclay (d. 1587), the fiar of Towie, and his wife, Elizabeth, or Elspeth, Hay (...

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Barry, Edward (1759–1822), religious and medical writer, son of a physician of Bristol, was educated at Bristol School under Mr Lee, and studied medicine at St Andrews University, where he graduated MD. Preferring theology to medicine, he took orders in the Church of England...

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Brockman [née Bunce], Ann, Lady Brockman (d. 1660), writer on medicine, was the daughter of Simon Bunce of Linstead and Dorothy, daughter of William Grimsdiche. Her date of birth is unknown, as are details of her early life. She married Sir William Brockman...

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John Bulwer (bap. 1606, d. 1656) by T. Berry, pubd 1820 (after William Faithorne the elder) © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Bulwer, John (bap. 1606, d. 1656), medical practitioner and writer on deafness and on gesture, was the second and only surviving son of Thomas Bulwer (d. 1649), a London apothecary, and Marie (d. 1638), daughter of George Evanes of St Albans, Hertfordshire...

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W. A. Greenhill

revised by Claire E. J. Herrick

Cheyne, John (1777–1836), medical writer, was born on 3 February 1777 at Leith, near Edinburgh, the son of John Cheyne, surgeon, and Margaret, daughter of William Edmonston, also a surgeon. He was related to the physician George Cheyne. John Cheyne was educated at ...

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Gordon Goodwin

revised by Jeffrey S. Reznick

Chisholm, Colin (1754/5–1825), surgeon and medical writer, was the eldest son of William Chisholm (1717–1807) of Buntait, Inverness-shire, surgeon, provost of Inverness, and his first wife, Janet Mackintosh, daughter of John Mackintosh of Kyllachy. His parents married at Inverness on 11 December 1746. ...

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Clarke, James Fernandez (bap. 1812, d. 1875), medical writer, the son of Elizabeth and John Clarke, was born at Olney, Buckinghamshire, and baptized on 5 April 1812 at North Crawley, in the same county. He had at least two brothers, one of whom became a surgeon in ...

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Clater, Francis (bap. 1754?, d. 1823), farrier and veterinary writer, may have been the son of John and Mary Claytor who was baptized at St Peter's, Nottingham, on 14 April 1754. He described himself in the preface to his first work as '...

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Cope, Sir (Vincent) Zachary (1881–1974), surgeon and medical historian, was born in Kingston upon Hull on 14 February 1881, the youngest of ten children (of whom three died in early childhood) of Thomas John Gilbert Cope, a minister of the United Methodist church in ...

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Creighton, Charles (1847–1927), medical scholar, was born on 22 November 1847 at Peterhead, Aberdeenshire, a son of Alexander Creighton, a prosperous saw-miller and wood merchant, and his wife, Agnes Brand. He was educated at the local elementary school, and then at the Gymnasium...

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G. T. Bettany

revised by Richard Hankins

Druitt, Robert (1814–1883), general practitioner and medical writer, the son of Robert Druitt, a medical practitioner at Wimborne, Dorset, was born in December 1814. After being educated at the local grammar school he spent four years as a pupil of his uncle, Charles Mayo...

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Dunglison, Robley (1798–1869), physician and medical writer, was born on 4 January 1798, at Keswick in Cumberland, the son of William Dunglison, who was possibly engaged in woollen manufacture, and his wife, Elizabeth Jackson (d. 1854). He attended Green Row Academy at ...

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Dunstan, Gordon Reginald (1917–2004), Church of England clergyman, theologian, and writer on medical ethics, was born on 25 April 1917 at 79 Beaumont Street, Stoke, Plymouth, the son of Frederick John Menhenett Dunstan, an engineer's draftsman at the city's naval dockyard, and his wife, ...

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Fitzherbert, Dionys (c.1580– c.1641), writer on madness, was one of eleven children of Humphrey Fitzherbert and Ursula Waring (eight sons and three daughters). Her father owned land in Begbroke outside Oxford, where she was probably born, and where he built a substantial house at the beginning of the seventeenth century. Writing in ...