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James Barry (c. 1799–1865) by unknown photographer, c. 1860 [left, with a servant] Trustees of the Army Medical Services Museum

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Barry, James (c. 1799–1865), army medical officer and transvestite, was probably born Margaret, the youngest daughter of Mrs Mary Ann Bulkley or Bulkeley, the sister of the artist James Barry; her paternity is in doubt. From the age of ten she dressed and presented herself as a man, but the woman who laid out her corpse declared that she was female: '...

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H. M. Chichester

revised by James Falkner

Beatson, George Steward (1814–1874), army medical officer, third son of Duncan Beatson of Campbeltown, Argyll, was born at Greenock in May 1814. He graduated in arts and medicine at Glasgow (MD 1836) and became LCS (Edinburgh) in 1836. In 1838 he joined the ...

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Noel Godfrey Chavasse (1884–1917) by Medringtons, 1917 private collection

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Chavasse, Noel Godfrey (1884–1917), army medical officer and holder of two Victoria crosses, was born on 9 November 1884 at 36 New Inn Hall Street, Oxford, the second (and identical twin) son of Francis James Chavasse (1846–1928), Church of England clergyman, and his wife, ...

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Donnet, Sir James John Louis (1816–1905), inspector-general of hospitals and fleets, born at Gibraltar, was the son of Henry Donnet, a Royal Navy surgeon. After studying at the University of Paris, where he graduated B ès L, and at Anderson College, Glasgow, he became LSA of ...

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Charles Creighton

revised by Patrick Wallis

Gordon, Theodore (bap. 1780?, d. 1845), army medical officer, may have been the son of Theodore Gordon and Margaret Thomson who was baptized at Cabrach, Aberdeenshire, on 8 June 1780. He studied arts and medicine at King's College, Aberdeen, and at Edinburgh, where he graduated MA in 1802. In 1803 he enlisted as assistant surgeon in the army, and soon after joined the ...

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Charles Creighton

revised by Tim O'Neill

Hilditch, Sir Edward (1805–1876), naval medical officer, was born on 13 May 1805, the son of John Frederick Hilditch, and his wife, Sarah. He studied medicine at St George's Hospital in London, took his MRCS diploma in 1826, and immediately entered the naval medical service...

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Horton, (James) Africanus Beale (1835–1883), army medical officer and political economist, was born in Gloucester village, Sierra Leone, on 1 June 1835, the son of James Horton (c.1791–1867), a carpenter, and his wife, Nancy. Both were of Igbo descent, members of the recaptive community, liberated there from slavery. ...

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W. A. J. Archbold

revised by Claire E. J. Herrick

Liddell, Sir John (1794–1868), naval medical officer, was born at Dunblane, Scotland, in 1794. After entering the navy as an assistant surgeon in 1812, he served in France, North America, Portugal, and the West Indies. He graduated MD at Edinburgh University in 1822 and became LCS (Edinburgh) in 1821....

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Macdonald, Sir John Denis (1826–1908), naval medical officer and biologist, born at Cork on 26 October 1826, was the youngest son of James Macdonald, an artist, and his wife, Catherine, daughter of Denis McCarthy of Kilcoleman, co. Cork. His father was the representative of the ...

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Thomas Heazle Parke (1857–1893) by unknown photographer © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Parke, Thomas Heazle (1857–1893), army medical officer and explorer in Africa, was the second son of William Parke JP, of Clogher House, Drumsna, co. Roscommon, and Henrietta, daughter of Henry Holmes of Newport House, Isle of Wight. The family, said to be of Kentish origin, settled in ...

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Smith, Sir Andrew (1797–1872), army medical officer and naturalist, was born on 3 December 1797 in Kirktoun parish, Roxburghshire, to Thomas P. Smith, a shepherd, and Grizzel Tait Winnington. After local schooling he was apprenticed to Mr Graham, a surgeon in Hawick, and studied medicine at the ...