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Richard Banister (c. 1570–1626) by unknown artist, c. 1620 reproduced by kind permission of the President and Council of the Royal College of Surgeons of London

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Banister, Richard (c. 1570–1626), oculist, whose precise date and place of birth are unknown, was the son of Gabriel Banister. He was one of four brothers, two of whom died early, all apprenticed to surgeons or barber–surgeons. His grandfather was John Banister of ...

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Sir William Bowman, first baronet (1816–1892) by George Frederic Watts, 1865 private collection; photograph National Portrait Gallery, London

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Bowman, Sir William, first baronet (1816–1892), ophthalmic surgeon and anatomist, was born at Sweetbriar Hall, Hospital Street, Nantwich, Cheshire, on 20 July 1816, the third of the four sons (there was one daughter) of John Eddowes Bowman the elder (1785–1841), a banker as well as botanist and fellow of the ...

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William Briggs (c. 1650–1704) by John Faber junior, 1738 (after Robert White, 1697) © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Briggs, William (c. 1650–1704), physician and oculist, born at Norwich, was the second of the seven sons (there was one daughter) of Elizabeth Aldrige and Augustine Briggs (c.1618–1684). The family was prominent in Norwich; Augustine Briggs served as alderman and mayor, and was MP for the city on four occasions. ...

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Collins, Edward Treacher (1862–1932), ophthalmologist, was born at 1 Albert Terrace, Regent's Park, London, on 28 May 1862, the second son of Dr William Job Collins (b. 1818), a London physician; his father was of an old Warwick family, one of whom, ...

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Cuff, John (1708?–1772?), optician and microscope maker, was the son of Peter Cuff (b. 1676), watchmaker and member of the Broderers' Company. It is possible that his mother was Rebecca, née Crichlow (b. 1675), who married a Peter Cuff, watchmaker, of the parish of ...

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G. T. Bettany

revised by Anita McConnell

Dalrymple, John (1803–1852), ophthalmic surgeon, was born at Norwich, the eldest son of William Dalrymple (1772–1847) and his wife, Marianne, formerly Bertram. He studied under his father, a surgeon at the Norwich and Norfolk Hospital, and in London at the united medical school at ...

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Duddell, Benedict (c. 1695–1759x67), surgeon and oculist, about whose life few details are known, was probably educated in France and served his surgical apprenticeship in a town about 4 leagues from Paris. In 1718 he was in practice at Worksop, Nottinghamshire. Upset by his failure to save the sight of a poor labourer under his care, ...

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Roger Grant (d. 1724) by unknown engraver Ashmolean Museum, Oxford

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G. T. Bettany

revised by Anita McConnell

Grant, Roger (d. 1724), oculist, whose origins are unknown, enlisted as a soldier in the German emperor's service, in which he lost an eye. This misfortune he considered to qualify him to treat others with defective sight. He set up in London as an oculist, in ...

Article

D'A. Power

revised by Anita McConnell

Hogg, Jabez (1817–1899), ophthalmic surgeon, the youngest son of John Hogg and Martha, his wife, was born on 4 April 1817 at Chatham, where his father was employed in the royal dockyard. He was educated at Rochester grammar school, and in 1832 was apprenticed for five years to a medical practitioner. On 25 August 1841 he married ...

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Holland, Sir Henry Tristram (1875–1965), missionary and eye surgeon, was born on 12 February 1875 in the cathedral close, Durham, the second son in the family of three sons and one daughter of William Lyall Holland, then a cathedral canon, and Mary Gertrude...

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Mann [married name Gye], Dame Ida Caroline (1893–1983), ophthalmologist, was born on 6 February 1893 at 67 Fordwych Road, West Hampstead, London, the second child and only daughter of Frederick William Mann (1854?–1935), an official in the Post Office, and Ellen Packham (1851?–1936)...

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Nettleship, Edward (1845–1913), ophthalmic surgeon, was born on 3 March 1845 at the family home in Gold Street, Kettering, Northamptonshire, the fourth of the seven children of Henry John Nettleship (1807–1870), solicitor, and his wife, Isabella Ann (1818–1898), daughter of the Revd James Hogg...

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Ramage, John (1788–1835), telescope maker and optician, born in Aberdeen on 2 November 1788, was probably the son of John Ramage, a horse currier or saddler of Aberdeen, and his wife, Jean Davidson. There was at least one other son, James, and two daughters, ...

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Sir William Read (d. 1715) by William Faithorne the younger Wellcome Library, London

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Read, Sir William (d. 1715), itinerant oculist, was the son of an illiterate shoemaker in Halesworth, Suffolk. He was a man of little education, who flamboyantly advertised his medical and surgical skill, becoming the object of both high honours and considerable lampooning. Through self-promotion and the publication of handbills he established a well-placed ...

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Saunders, John Cunningham (1773–1810), ophthalmic surgeon, the youngest son of John Cunningham Saunders and his wife, Jane, formerly Tasker, was baptized on 10 October 1773 at St James's Church, Huish by Hatherleigh, Devon. He was sent to school at Tavistock when he was eight years old, and afterwards to ...