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Addenbrooke, John (bap. 1681, d. 1719), physician and benefactor, was born at Kingswinford in Staffordshire, and baptized on 13 June 1681 at the parish church in West Bromwich, the only son of Samuel Addenbrooke, vicar of West Bromwich, and Matilda Porry of Wolverhampton...

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Brown, Dame Edith Mary (1864–1956), medical missionary and founder of the North India School of Medicine for Christian Women, was born on 24 March 1864 at Bank Buildings, 10A Coats Lane, Whitehaven, Cumberland. One of six children, she was the second of three daughters born to ...

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Carnegie [née Scott], Susan (1743–1821), writer and benefactor, was born on 7 August 1743 in Edinburgh, the daughter of David Scott of Benholm (1700–1768), director and treasurer of the Bank of Scotland, and Mary Brown (1712–1794). She was tutored at home and gained a wide and deep knowledge of French and Italian literature and of philosophy, a proficiency in drawing (which she was taught by a relative ...

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Colley, Eleanor Davies- (1874–1934), surgeon and a founder of the South London Hospital for Women and Children, was born on 21 August 1874, at Hilliers, Petworth, Sussex, the second daughter of John Neville Colley Davies-Colley, a surgeon on the staff of Guy's Hospital, London...

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Cox, William Sands (1802–1875), surgeon and a founder of Queen's College, Birmingham, was the eldest son of Edward Townsend Cox (1769–1863), a well-known Birmingham surgeon. After being educated locally at the King Edward VI Grammar School, he was articled to his father and began to study medicine at ...

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Thompson Cooper

revised by Juanita Burnby

Crane, John (1570/71–1652), apothecary and benefactor, was born in Wisbech, Cambridgeshire. The details of his parents are unknown except that his father was born in Ipswich, Suffolk. It is possible that he was the Joan Crane baptized on 24 January 1572, the child of ...

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Dick, William (1793–1866), veterinary surgeon and founder of the Edinburgh Veterinary College, was born on 6 May 1793 at Whitehorse Close, Canongate, Edinburgh, the second of three children who survived beyond infancy of John Dick (c.1769–1844), and his wife, Jane (Jean) Anderson (...

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Gillespie, James, of Spylaw (1726–1797), tobacconist and benefactor, was born in 1726, probably at Roslin, near Edinburgh. He had one sister and a younger brother. His family were members of the Cameronians, or reformed Presbyterians, a strict nonconformist sect. Gillespie began his career as a tobacconist and, in partnership with his brother, ...

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Gordon, Robert (bap. 1668, d. 1731), benefactor, the eldest son of Arthur Gordon (1625–1680), advocate, and his wife, Isobel Menzies, was baptized on 18 August 1668 in Aberdeen. Gordon was left an inheritance of around £1100 at his father's death, which he seems to have spent in travelling in ...

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Gostlin, John (1632/3–1705), educational benefactor and physician, was baptized at Dickleburgh, Norfolk, on 29 January 1633. He was the son of John Gostlin (1604/5–c.1641), formerly fellow of Gonville and Caius College, Cambridge, and great-nephew of another John Gostlin, formerly master of the same college—as is stated on his tomb in the college chapel. ...

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Guy, Thomas (1644/5?–1724), philanthropist and founder of Guy's Hospital, the eldest of three children of Thomas Guy (d. 1652×4), lighterman, coalmonger, and carpenter, and his wife, Anne Vaughton of Tamworth, Staffordshire, was born in London in Pritchard's Alley, Fair Street, Horsleydown, Southwark...

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King [née Gore-Browne], Dame Ethel Locke (1864–1956), motor-racing promoter and hospital patron, was born on 3 June 1864 at Government House, Hobart, Tasmania, the younger daughter of Colonel Sir Thomas Gore-Browne (1807–1887), governor of Tasmania, and his wife, Harriet Louisa, daughter of ...

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Lee, Matthew (1694–1755), physician and benefactor, was born in Northamptonshire, the son of William Lee. Between 1709 and 1713 he was educated at Westminster School, and then at Christ Church, Oxford, where he graduated BA (1717), MA (1720), MB (1722), and MD (1726). In addition to his medical studies at ...

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Perse, Stephen (1547/8–1615), physician and benefactor, was born in either 1547 or 1548, the son of John Perse, landowner, of Great Massingham, Norfolk. He was educated at a school in Norwich before being admitted, aged seventeen, as a pensioner of Gonville and Caius College, Cambridge...

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Philip, Sir Robert William (1857–1939), physician and founder of tuberculosis dispensaries, was born at Govan, Glasgow, on 29 December 1857, the youngest son of George Philip, a minister of the Free Church of Scotland, whose charge was Union Church, Govan, and his wife, ...

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Rahere [Rayer] (d. 1143x5), founder of St Bartholomew's Hospital and priory, London, was of unknown origins. The one authoritative source for his life, Liber fundacionis ecclesiae Sancti Bartholomei Londoniensis written some forty years after his death but existing only in a fifteenth-century text, describes '...

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Salmon, Frederick (1796–1868), rectal surgeon and founder of St Mark's Hospital, London, was born on 11 April 1796 in Bath, the son of Henry Salmon (1754/5–1827), attorney, and his wife, Denne (1762/3–1853). Salmon was the sixth of nine children, of whom three boys and four girls survived into adulthood. His brothers ...

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C. L. Falkiner

revised by Patrick Wallis

Steevens, Richard (1653–1710), physician and benefactor, and Grizell Steevens (1653–1747), his sister, born in Wiltshire, were the twin children of John Steevens (d. 1682), an English royalist clergyman, and his wife, Constance. The family left Wiltshire for Ireland some time after 1654, and ...

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Thomas Sutton (1532–1611) by Renold Elstrack © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Sutton, Thomas (1532–1611), founder of the London Charterhouse, was born, according to the inscription on his tomb, in 1532 at Knaith, Lincolnshire. His father was Richard Sutton, clerk to the sheriff of Lincoln, his mother Elisabeth Mering of South Collingham, from a gentry family in ...