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Anderson, David (1751–1825), East India Company servant, was born in Edinburgh on 10 February 1751, the second of the eight children of David Anderson (1707–1786), writer to the signet, and his wife, Mary (d. 1781), daughter of John Mitchelson of Middleton, Edinburghshire...

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Ashurst, Henry (1616?–1680), merchant, was the third son of Henry Ashurst (d. c.1645), gentleman, of Dalton, Lancashire, and Cassandra, daughter of John Bradshaw of Bradshaw, Lancashire. Ashurst's family had proved a bastion of the protestant faith since the late sixteenth century, his grandfather ...

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Jonathan Belcher (1682–1757) by John Faber junior, 1734 (after Richard Philips) Ashmolean Museum, Oxford

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Belcher, Jonathan (1682–1757), merchant and colonial governor, was born on 8 January 1682 in Cambridge, Massachusetts, the fifth of seven children of Andrew Belcher (1648–1717), merchant and politician, and his wife, Sarah (1651–1689), the daughter of Jonathan Gilbert, Connecticut merchant and politician.

Following his father's example ...

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Blackadder, Adam (b. 1659, d. in or after 1696), merchant and writer on covenanting, was probably born in the parish of Troqueer, near Dumfries, the second son of John Blackadder (1615/1623?–1686), the minister there, and his wife, Janet Haining (d. 1688). Among his brothers were ...

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Bogle, George (1700–1784), merchant, was born in Glasgow, the son of Robert Bogle, a prosperous local trader, who resided at the estate of Daldowie, near Bothwell, Lanarkshire, which George inherited in 1720. He had more than the usual mercantile education, matriculating at the ...

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Brown, Alexander (1764–1834), merchant and banker, was born on 17 November 1764 in Ballymena, co. Antrim, the son of William Brown (b. 1715) and Margaret Davison. There may have been as many as thirteen children in the family, but only four—three sons, of whom ...

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Sir William Brown, first baronet (1784–1864) by Sir John Watson-Gordon, 1857 Board of Trustees of the National Museums and Galleries on Merseyside (Walker Art Gallery, Liverpool)

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Brown, Sir William, first baronet (1784–1864), merchant and politician, was born on 30 May 1784 at Ballymena, co. Antrim, the eldest son of seven children of Alexander Brown (1764–1834), merchant, and Grace, daughter of John Davison of Drumnasole.

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Bryan, George (1731–1791), merchant and revolutionary politician in America, was born on 11 August 1731 in Dublin, the fourth of eight children, and eldest son, of Samuel Bryan, merchant, and his wife, Sarah Dennis. His parents were Irish Presbyterians. In 1752 his father thought him sufficiently schooled in trade and sent him to ...

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Burel, John (1565x8–1603), merchant and poet, was the son of Edinburgh's wealthiest flesher, Harry Burel (d. 1587), and his second wife, Isobel Abernethie (d. 1616), who were married in January 1565. Nothing is known of Burel's schooling, but he was a good Latinist. About 1592 he married ...

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See Cadell family

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T. F. Henderson

revised by D. W. Hayton

Campbell, Daniel (1671/2–1753), merchant and politician, was the third son of the covenanter captain Walter Campbell of Skipness. After being apprenticed to a Glasgow merchant, he sailed to New England in 1692 as part owner of a cargo, and spent the next two years trading on the ...

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Campbell, Robert (1769–1846), colonial merchant, was born on 28 April 1769 at Cathcart Square, Greenock, Renfrewshire, fourth surviving child of ten born to John Campbell (1727–1797), laird of Ashfield, writer, and town clerk, and his wife, Agnes, née Paterson (1729–1792). The three Campbell...

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See Campbell, Robert

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Cargill, David Sime (1826–1904), merchant and oil industrialist, was born at Maryton, near Montrose, on 9 April 1826, the fourth and youngest son of the nine children of James Cargill, farmer, and his wife, Helen Thomson. After a brief exposure to office life in ...

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Cargill, Sir John Traill, first baronet (1867–1954), merchant and oil industrialist, was born in Glasgow on 10 January 1867, the second of three sons (there were also two daughters) of David Sime Cargill (1826–1904) and his first wife, Margaret Traill (1840–1872). After attending ...

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Coutts, John (1699–1750), merchant and banker, was born on 28 July 1699, probably in Edinburgh, the son of Patrick Coutts of Edinburgh and his wife, Jean, née Dunlop. His father's family had long been settled in Montrose, where his grandfather John was provost in 1677. His mother came from the ...

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Cunningham, Sir Hugh (1642/3–1710), local politician and merchant, was apparently a descendant of one of the Ayrshire Cunninghams. However, since there are no references to his birth, and because contemporary sources and his coat of arms as recorded in the Lyon court allude to both the ...

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Waddell Cunningham (1729–1797) by Robert Home, c. 1786 photograph © Ulster Museum. Photograph reproduced with the kind permission of the Trustees of the National Museums & Galleries of Northern Ireland