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Anderson, Janet (1697–1761), milliner and maker of graveclothes, was born on 1 January 1697 and baptized in Edinburgh two days later. She was the daughter of James Anderson (1662–1728), clerk to the signet and author of Diplomata Scotiae, and Jean Ellis or Ellies (...

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Arthur, James (1819–1885), clothing retailer and manufacturer, was born on 6 March 1819 in Arthurlie, near Paisley, Renfrewshire, one of the two sons of Matthew Arthur (b. 1795), a bleachworks proprietor near Neilston, Renfrewshire, and his wife, Elizabeth, née Fraser. In 1837, after serving a brief apprenticeship in a draper's shop in ...

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Baxter, Sir David, baronet (bap. 1793, d. 1872), linen manufacturer and benefactor, was born in Dundee and baptized there on 24 March 1793, the second son of William Baxter (1767–1854), linen merchant, of Balgavies, and his wife, Elisabeth (Betty) Gorell (d. 1804)...

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Timothy Bennett (1676/77–1756) by James Macardell, 1752 (after G. Budd) © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Bennett, Timothy (1676/7–1756), cordwainer and public access campaigner, is of obscure origins; details of his birth, family, and upbringing are unknown. On 19 July 1716, at All Hallows, London Wall, he married Katherine Magitt (1673/4–1749), of Kingston upon Thames, Surrey; the parish register—which also gives his wife's name as ...

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Bond, Oliver (1760/61–1798), woollen merchant and Irish nationalist, was born at St Johnstown, co. Donegal, the son of a dissenting minister. His full name may have been Oliver Cromwell Bond, as this was used in contemporary reports of his radical activities. After serving an apprenticeship in ...

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Campbell, Henry James (1813–1889), textile merchant and school founder, was born in Newtownards, co. Down, the youngest of four children of Henry Campbell (c.1778–1814) and his wife, Elizabeth, née Campbell (1770–1852), who may have been related before their marriage. Henry and his three older siblings (a brother and two sisters) were brought up in the ...

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David Dale (1739–1806) by John Henning, 1803 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Dale, David (1739–1806), merchant and cottonmaster, was born on 6 January 1739 at Stewarton, Ayrshire, the son of William Dale (1708–1796), a grocer and general dealer, and his second wife, Martha Dunlop (1719–1796). Dale was a local herdboy, and then in the 1750s an apprentice weaver in ...

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John Duncan (1794–1881) by unknown engraver, c. 1865–6 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Duncan, John (1794–1881), hand-loom weaver and botanist, was born on 19 December 1794 at Stonehaven, Kincardineshire, the illegitimate son of John Duncan, weaver and soldier, from Drumlithie, and Ann Caird (c.1773–c.1830), also of Drumlithie, who decided to support herself and her child by weaving stockings and harvesting at nearby ...

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Thomas Edward (1814–1886) by Sir George Reid Scottish National Portrait Gallery

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Edward, Thomas (1814–1886), naturalist and shoemaker, was born on 25 December 1814 at Gosport, Hampshire, one of several children of John Edward, Fife militiaman and weaver, and Margaret Mitchell of Aberdeen. His early years were spent at Kettle, Fife, and at Aberdeen. From childhood he was passionately fond of animals, bringing home so many ‘beasties’ that he was frequently flogged and confined to the house. Utterly unmanageable, by the age of six he had been expelled from three schools because of his zoological pursuits and truancy. Abandoning school, he found employment at ...

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Greg, Samuel (1758–1834), cotton manufacturer, was born on 26 March 1758 in Belfast, the second surviving son of Thomas Greg, a wealthy Belfast merchant and shipowner, and his wife Elizabeth, daughter of Samuel Hyde, a Lancashire merchant and landowner. In 1766, at the age of eight, he went to live with his childless uncle ...

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See Pinney, Hester

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Hutton, Sibilla (d. 1808), milliner and shopkeeper, was the daughter of the Revd William Hutton, minister of the Secession church at Dalkeith, Edinburghshire, and Sibilla Tunnock, daughter of William Tunnock, an Edinburgh brewer; they married on 7 November 1742. Sibilla was well known as a milliner in ...

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R. E. Anderson

revised by I. Grattan-Guinness

Ivory, James (1765–1842), mathematician and mill manager, born in Dundee, on 17 February 1765, was the eldest son of James Ivory, watchmaker. At the age of fourteen he matriculated at St Andrews University, and after six years' study with a view to becoming a minister of the Scottish church, he went to ...

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Johnston, Ellen (c. 1835–1874?), power-loom weaver and poet, was born at the Muir Wynd, Hamilton, Lanarkshire, the only daughter of James Johnston, stonemason from Lochee, a linen-weaving and quarrying village on the outskirts of Dundee, and Mary Bilsland, second daughter of James Bilsland...

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Kennedy [known as Douglas], Scipio [Sipio] (1693x7–1774), freed slave and weaver, was born in Guinea, on the west African coast, from where he was taken by slave ship to Jamaica about 1702. Details of his family are unknown. On his arrival in ...

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Kilburn, William (1745–1818), artist and calico printer, was born on 1 November 1745, at Capel Street, Dublin, the only son of Samuel Kilburn, architect of that city. He showed an early talent for drawing, and was apprenticed to John Lisson, an English calico printer with a large works at ...