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Abbott, Edwin (1808–1882), headmaster, was born in London on 12 May 1808, the son of Edward Abbott, an oilman and Italian warehouseman, of St Martin's Lane, London, and his wife, Charlotte. After his family fell on hard times Abbott entered the Philological Society...

Article

L. R. Farnell

revised by Rosemary Jann

Abbott, Edwin Abbott (1838–1926), headmaster and writer, was born at 38 Gloucester Place, Marylebone, Middlesex, on 20 December 1838, the eldest son of Edwin Abbott (1808–1882), headmaster of the Philological School, Marylebone, and his wife, Jane Abbott (1806–1882), a first cousin. Educated at the ...

Article

Aitken, Edith (1861–1940), headmistress, was born at Bishophill, Bishophill Junior, York, on 16 June 1861, the third child of Henry Martin Aitken, surgical instrument manufacturer, and his wife, Elizabeth Atkinson. She and her elder siblings were baptized at St Mary Minor, Bishophill, on 8 July 1861. Their father had advanced views on the education of girls, and the eldest daughter, ...

Article

Alger, Mary Jemima (1838–1894), headmistress, was born on 4 February 1838 at Diss, in Norfolk, daughter of John Alger, corn merchant, and his wife, Jemima, née Goldworth, of yeoman stock. Mary had sisters and an only brother, John Goldworth Alger, who became a journalist. ...

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Alington, Cyril Argentine (1872–1955), headmaster and dean of Durham, was born in Ipswich, Suffolk, on 22 October 1872, the second son of the Revd Henry Giles Alington (1837–1928), an inspector of schools, and his wife, Jane Margaret Booth (d. 1910). In 1886 he went with classical scholarships to ...

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Hely Hutchinson Almond (1832–1903) by Elliott & Fry, 1895 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Almond, Hely Hutchinson (1832–1903), headmaster, born in Glasgow on 12 August 1832, was the second son of George Almond, incumbent of St Mary's Episcopal Chapel, Glasgow, and his second wife, Christiana Georgina, eldest daughter of Thomas Smith, barrister, of London. His paternal great-grandfather was headmaster of ...

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Thomas Arnold (1795–1842) by Thomas Phillips, 1839 © National Portrait Gallery, London

Article

Arnold, Thomas (1795–1842), headmaster and historian, was born on 13 June 1795 at West Cowes, Isle of Wight, the seventh of the seven children of William Arnold (1745–1801), collector of customs and postmaster for the Isle of Wight, and his wife, Martha (1751–1829)...

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Ashton, Thomas (d. 1578), headmaster, is of unknown origins. He was educated at St John's College, Cambridge, being elected to a fellowship about 1520, shortly after graduating BA. He proceeded MA in 1521 and BTh in 1531. Little is known of his subsequent career until his appointment as headmaster of ...

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Baker, Beatrice May (1876–1973), headmistress and internationalist, was born at 2 High Street, Hereford on 4 May 1876, the third daughter and youngest child in the family of three daughters and a son of Edward Joseph Baker, a gentleman's tailor in Hereford, and his wife, ...

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Baldwin, Emily (1807–1880), headmistress, was born on 18 September 1807 at 47 Paternoster Row, London, one of seven children of Robert Baldwin (1780–1858), publisher, and his wife, Maria, daughter of Henry Baldwin, a leading City publisher and printer. Both her parents were members of the large ...

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Barker, William Higgs (1743/4–1816), Hebraist and headmaster, was the son of George Barker, tailor, of Great Russell Street, London, and a relation of the Hebraist Samuel Barker (1686–1759). He was admitted on the foundation of St Paul's School on 10 May 1756, aged twelve. He became Pauline exhibitioner at ...

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Barnard, Edward (1717–1781), headmaster and college head, the second son of George Barnard (1688/9–1760), rector of Knebworth (1737–60) and vicar of Luton (1745–60), and his wife, Dorothy, was born at Harpenden, Hertfordshire, and baptized there on 10 June 1717. He was educated at ...

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Dorothea Beale (1831–1906) by G. H. Martyn & Sons © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Beale, Dorothea (1831–1906), headmistress, was born in London on 21 March 1831 at 41 Bishopsgate Street Within, the fourth child and third daughter of the eleven children of Miles Beale (d. 1862) and Dorothea Margaret Complin (d. 1881).

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Belcher, Mary Anne [Marian] (1849–1898), headmistress, was born at Great Faringdon, Berkshire, on 12 March 1849, the daughter of Thomas Belcher, a grocer, and his wife, Mary Anne, formerly Saunders. The Revd Thomas Hayes Belcher, principal of Brighton College, was her elder brother. She was educated at the school of ...

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Ada Benson (1840–1882) by unknown artist from the archives of Bedford High School; reproduced with permission

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Benson [married name McDowall], Ada (1840–1882), headmistress and educationist, was born on 27 November 1840 at Winson Green, Birmingham, sixth of the eight children of Edward White Benson (1800–1843), chemical manufacturer, and his wife, Harriet (née Baker). Their mother's death in 1850 left the six surviving orphans unprovided for, and they were separated into the care of friends and relatives; ...

Article

Benton, Mary Sophia (1855–1944), headmistress, was born at Wennington, Hornchurch, Essex, on 23 December 1855, the daughter of Aaron Benton, a farmer, and his wife, Sophia Elizabeth, née Julian. She was educated at home by a governess until the age of nine, then at a boarding-school, where the curriculum was confined to subjects considered ‘ladylike’. Her own aspirations were already higher than this, and she demanded that her parents remove her. The subsequent years she spent in a school in ...