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Barrett, David (1914–1998), Finnish and Georgian scholar and translator, was born on 9 May 1914 at 13 Fleetwood Road, Dollis Hill, London, the son of Frank Piggott Barrett, a stationer's commercial traveller and later a coal merchant's clerk, and his wife, Lilian, née...

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Elias Lunn Bredsdorff (1912–2002) by Bertyl Gaye, c. 1962–1963 The Master and Fellows of Peterhouse, Cambridge

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Bredsdorff, Elias Lunn (1912–2002), Danish scholar, was born on 15 January 1912 at Roskilde folk high school, Denmark, the youngest of six sons of Thomas Vilhelm Birkedal Bredsdorff (1868–1922) and his wife, Margrethe, née Lunn (1871–1958). His father was the headmaster of the school, a further education college run on liberal Christian principles, and his mother a teacher. Originally taught at home, from the age of twelve he attended ...

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Thomas Seccombe

revised by John D. Haigh

Dasent, Sir George Webbe (1817–1896), Scandinavian scholar, was born on 22 May 1817 at St Vincent, in the West Indies. He was the third son of John Roche Dasent (1773–1832), attorney-general of St Vincent, and his second wife (who was the younger sister of his deceased first wife), ...

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Margaret Clunies Ross and Amanda J. Collins

Johnstone, James (d. 1798), Icelandic scholar, is of obscure origins and his date and place of birth have not been firmly established. His own letters and those of others indicate that he was a Scot; he titled himself master of arts in his published works, but he has not been definitively identified with any of the men of that name who are recorded as having studied at the Scottish universities or at ...

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Eiríkur Magnússon (1833–1913) by Hay, 1867 National Museum of Iceland

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Magnússon, Eiríkur (1833–1913), librarian and Icelandic scholar, was born in the parsonage of Berufjörður in east Iceland on 1 February 1833, the second son and third child of the Revd Magnús Bergsson (1799–1892), then curate of Berufjörður, and his wife, Vilborg Eiríksdóttir (1804–1862)...

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Metcalfe, Frederick (1815–1885), Church of England clergyman and Scandinavian scholar, was born in Gainsborough, Lincolnshire, the fifth son of Morehouse or Moorhouse Metcalfe, a merchant. After attending Shrewsbury School, he was elected scholar of St John's College, Cambridge, in 1834 from which he graduated BA in 1838 as junior optime with a second class in classics. He taught at the ...

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Dame Bertha Surtees Newall (1877–1932) by J. Palmer-Clarke © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Newall [née Phillpotts], Dame Bertha Surtees (1877–1932), educationist and Scandinavian scholar, was born in Bedford on 25 October 1877, the second of three daughters of James Surtees Phillpotts (1839–1930), headmaster of Bedford grammar school, and his wife, Marian Hadfield Cordery (1843–1925). She was the fifth of six children to survive childhood. She apparently had little formal education, but with the extramural aid of the masters of her father's school she managed to win the gold medal of the ...

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(Edward Oswald) Gabriel Turville- Petre (1908–1978) by Merlin Turville-Petre photograph reproduced by courtesy of The British Academy

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Petre, (Edward Oswald) Gabriel Turville- (1908–1978), Icelandic scholar, was born on 25 March 1908 at Bosworth Hall, Husbands Bosworth, Leicestershire, younger son of Lieutenant-Colonel Oswald Henry Philip Turville-Petre (1862–1941), high sheriff of Leicestershire, and his wife, Margaret Lucy, née Cave (d. 1954)...

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Stephens, George (1813–1895), philologist and runologist, son of John Stephens (1772–1841) of Ongar, a Methodist minister, and his wife, Rebecca Eliza Rayner (d. 1852), was born at Liverpool on 13 December 1813. His brother was Joseph Rayner Stephens (1805–1879). George was educated at private schools and at ...

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F. Y. Powell

revised by Carolyne Larrington

Vigfússon, Guðbrandur (1827–1889), scholar of Icelandic literature, was born on 13 March 1827 in Galtardalur, Dalasýsla, western Iceland. He was the son of Vigfús Gíslason, of an old and respected Icelandic family, and Halldóra Gísladóttir. He was brought up by his foster-mother and great-aunt ...