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Adams, James (1737–1802), Jesuit and philologist, was born on 3 November 1737 to William Adams and Anne or Sarah Spencer; he refers to Bury St Edmunds as his 'native town' (Euphonologia Linguae Anglicanae, 1794, 7). He was educated at the Jesuit college in ...

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Aitken, (Adam) Jack (1921–1998), lexicographer and philologist, was born on 19 June 1921 in Edinburgh, the only son and eldest of the three children of Adam Aitken (1896–1958), miner, and his first wife, Alexandrina Sutherland (1896–1931). He was baptized into the Church of Scotland...

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Allen, Alexander (1814–1842), philologist and classical scholar, was born at Hackney, Middlesex, on 23 September 1814, the son of John Allen (1771–1839), a dissenting layman and author of A History of Modern Judaism (1816), and his wife, Charlotte Jane. He was educated at his father's school and at ...

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Aram, Eugene (bap. 1704, d. 1759), murderer and philologist, was born at Ramsgill and baptized on 2 October 1704 at Middlesmoor, West Riding of Yorkshire. Little is known of his mother, but his father, Peter Aram (bap. 1667, d. 1735), employed as gardener to ...

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G. A. Grierson

revised by John D. Haigh

Atkinson, Robert (1839–1908), philologist, born at Gateshead on 6 April 1839, was the only child of John Atkinson, who was a grocer there, and his wife, Ann. After education at the Anchorage grammar school close to his home from 1849 to 1856, he matriculated at ...

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Auty, Robert (1914–1978), philologist, was born on 10 October 1914 at 31 Tooker Road, Rotherham, Yorkshire, the second son and youngest of the four children of George Auty, headmaster of an elementary school, and his wife, Martha Louise, née Richards. Robert's sister Phyllis...

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Thompson Cooper

revised by John D. Haigh

Bannister, John (1816–1873), philologist, was born at York on 25 February 1816, the son of David Bannister (1788–1854) and his wife, Elizabeth Greensides (1789–1864). From 1839 he was educated at Trinity College, Dublin, where he studied classics and Hebrew (BA, 1844; MA, 1853; LLB and LLD, 1866). He was ordained priest in 1845, and served as curate of ...

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William Barnes (1801–1886) by George Stuckey, c. 1870 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Barnes, William (1801–1886), poet and philologist, was born on 22 February 1801, in a cob and thatch cottage, Rushay Farm, on Bagber Common, near Sturminster Newton, Dorset, the sixth of seven children of John Barnes (bap. 1762, d. 1846), and his wife, ...

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Richard Bentley (1662–1742) by Sir James Thornhill, 1710 The Master and Fellows, Trinity College, Cambridge

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Bentley, Richard (1662–1742), philologist and classical scholar, was born on 27 January 1662 at his maternal grandparents' house at Oulton, Yorkshire, the second child of Thomas Bentley (bap. 1637, d. 1675), a yeoman farmer, and his wife, Sarah (bap. 1642, d...

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Richard Irvine Best (1872–1959) by John Butler Yeats, 1906 Courtesy of the National Gallery of Ireland

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Best, Richard Irvine (1872–1959), philologist and bibliographer, was born at 3 Bishop Street, Derry, on 17 January 1872, the son of Henry Best (who was of English descent), an excise officer, and his wife, Margaret Jane Irvine. He was educated at Foyle College...

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See Bleek, Wilhelm Heinrich Immanuel

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Bleek, Wilhelm Heinrich Immanuel (1827–1875), philologist, was born at Berlin on 8 March 1827, the first of six sons and four daughters of Friedrich Bleek (1793–1859), professor of theology at Berlin University, and from 1829 at Bonn University, and his wife, Augusta Charlotte Marianne Henriette, ...

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Bonaparte, Louis Lucien (1813–1891), philologist, was born at Thorngrove, a house in the parish of Grimley, Worcestershire, on 4 January 1813, the sixth child of Lucien Bonaparte, prince of Canino (1775–1840), who was the second surviving brother of the emperor Napoléon I, and his second wife, ...

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Bullokar, William (c. 1531–1609), spelling reformer and grammarian, belonged to a landed family from west Sussex, and in three surviving legal documents is styled gentleman. His parents were William Bullokar and Elizabeth Bowyer, of Broadwater, Sussex. William the younger may have been born at ...

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Burchfield, Robert William (1923–2004), lexicographer, was born on 27 January 1923 at 58 Pitt Street, Wanganui, New Zealand, the younger son of Frederick Burchfield (1891–1979), formerly a coalminer and subsequently an electricity company employee, and his wife, Mary Lauder, née Blair (1894–1974). His father was born in the village of ...

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Burton, William (1609–1657), antiquary and philologist, was born in Austin Friars, London, the son of William Burton of Atcham in Shropshire. Educated at St Paul's School, he went to Queen's College, Oxford, at Easter 1625. His proficiency in Greek attracted the notice of ...

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A. H. Bullen

revised by Karl Showler

Butler, Charles (1560–1647), philologist and apiarist, was born at High Wycombe in Buckinghamshire. He entered Magdalen Hall, Oxford, in 1579, and afterwards became a bible-clerk at Magdalen College, where he took his BA in 1584, and MA in 1587. After leaving the university he became rector of ...