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Aitken, (Adam) Jack (1921–1998), lexicographer and philologist, was born on 19 June 1921 in Edinburgh, the only son and eldest of the three children of Adam Aitken (1896–1958), miner, and his first wife, Alexandrina Sutherland (1896–1931). He was baptized into the Church of Scotland...

Article

Burchfield, Robert William (1923–2004), lexicographer, was born on 27 January 1923 at 58 Pitt Street, Wanganui, New Zealand, the younger son of Frederick Burchfield (1891–1979), formerly a coalminer and subsequently an electricity company employee, and his wife, Mary Lauder, née Blair (1894–1974). His father was born in the village of ...

Article

Crombie, Alexander (1760–1840), philologist and schoolmaster, was born in Aberdeen, the son of Thomas Crombie. He was educated at Marischal College, Aberdeen, where he graduated MA in 1778, and he received the degree of LLD from the same source in 1794. Although licensed by the ...

Article

Dawson, Benjamin (1729–1814), Church of England clergyman and philologist, was born in Halifax, the sixth of the seven sons of Eli Dawson (d. 1744), Presbyterian minister of Morley, Yorkshire, and his wife, Alice Taylor. He and his brother Thomas Dawson (c. 1725–1782)...

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Peter Giles (1860–1935) by Lafayette, 1933 © National Portrait Gallery, London

Article

R. M. Dawkins

revised by John D. Pickles

Giles, Peter (1860–1935), philologist and college head, was born at Strichen in the district of Buchan, Aberdeenshire, on 20 October 1860, the eldest son of Peter Giles (d. c.1865), a factor, and his wife, Margaret Eddie Brown (d. 1905), who on her mother's side was of highland descent from ...

Article

T. W. Bayne

revised by John D. Haigh

Jamieson, John (1759–1838), antiquary and philologist, was born in Glasgow on 5 March 1759, the son of the Revd John Jamieson, an Anti-Burgher minister, and his wife, née Cleland. He was educated at a school kept by his father's precentor (to 1765), at the ...

Article

Macbain, Alexander (1855–1907), philologist, was born at Balguish Farmhouse, Glenfeshie, Badenoch, Inverness-shire, on 22 July 1855, the illegitimate son of John Macbain, farmservant, and Margaret Mackintosh, maidservant. A fluent Gaelic speaker who grew up in poverty as a cowherd, he learned English when at ...

Article

Malcolm [Malcolme], David (d. 1748), philologist, was licensed as a preacher by the presbytery of Haddington on 11 January 1700 and was ordained on 28 March 1705 to the ministry of Duddingston, at the foot of Arthur's Seat, near Edinburgh. Nothing is known of his life before 1700. He married ...

Article

Man, James (1700?–1761), philologist, was born at Whitewreath, Elgin, Moray, the son of John Man, an impoverished small farmer. He was educated at the parish school of Longbride, Elgin, and King's College, Aberdeen, where he graduated MA on 15 April 1721. He was licensed to preach but, being unable to obtain a church, was never ordained as a minister. He became schoolmaster of ...

Article

D. S. Margoliouth

revised by Roger Steer

Young, Robert (1822–1888), philologist and translator, son of George Young, manager of a flour mill, and Jean Dudgeon, was born in Edinburgh or in East Lothian on 10 September 1822; his father died when Robert was a child. After education at private schools, he was apprenticed to the printing trade and set up as a printer and bookseller on his own account in 1847. During his apprenticeship he used his spare time to study Hebrew and other oriental languages, and also interested himself in religious work; for three years he was connected with ...