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Alexander Adam (1741–1809) by Sir Henry Raeburn, c. 1805 Scottish National Portrait Gallery

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Adam, Alexander (1741–1809), schoolmaster and classical scholar, was born on 24 June 1741 at Coats of Burgie, a small farm in the parish of Rafford, Moray, the youngest child of the large family of John Adam (d. 1758), tenant farmer, and Christian Watson...

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Adams [formerly Adam], Francis (1796–1861), physician and classical scholar, was born on 13 March 1796 at Auchinhove, Lumphanan, Aberdeenshire, the son of James Adam, a small farmer and builder, and his wife, Elspet Black. He was educated at the parish school, winning a bursary to ...

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John Stuart Blackie (1809–1895) by Sir George Reid, 1893 Scottish National Portrait Gallery

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Blackie, John Stuart (1809–1895), classical and Scottish Gaelic scholar, was born on 28 July 1809 in Charlotte Street, Glasgow, the eldest son of Alexander Blackie (bap. 1780, d. 1856), banker, and Helen (1783–1819), daughter of William Stodart of Hamilton and his wife, ...

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Blackwell, Thomas (1701–1757), classical scholar and historian, was born on 4 August 1701 in the city of Aberdeen, second son of Thomas Blackwell (1660?–1728), one of the ministers of Aberdeen, later professor of divinity, and his wife, Christian Johnstoun (d. 1749). His younger brother was ...

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Bonar, James (1757–1821), Greek scholar and writer, was born on 29 September 1757, the eighth son of the ten children of John Bonar (1721–1761), minister of Cockpen and Perth, and Christian Currier (1724–1771). He was educated at Edinburgh high school and at the ...

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John Burnet (1863–1928) by Walter Stoneman, 1917 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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J. A. Smith

revised by N. G. Wilson

Burnet, John (1863–1928), Greek scholar, was born at Edinburgh on 9 December 1863, the eldest child of John Burnet, advocate, and his wife, Jessie, daughter of Dr James Cleghorn Kay RN. He was educated at the Royal High School, Edinburgh, and was also for a few months at a school near ...

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Cogan, Eliezer (1762–1855), Presbyterian minister, schoolmaster, and classical scholar, was born at Rothwell, Northamptonshire, the son of John Cogan (1698–1784), surgeon and author of An Essay on the Epistle to the Romans, and his second wife. There had been one son from his first marriage, ...

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Colville, David (c. 1581–1629), classical and oriental scholar, was the fifth and youngest son of Robert Colvill (d. 1584), the protestant laird of Cleish, Kinross-shire, and his wife, Margaret Lindsay, daughter of the laird of Dowhill. A precocious student who displayed a great talent for Greek and Hebrew, ...

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Andrew Dalzel (1742–1806) by Sir Henry Raeburn Scottish National Portrait Gallery

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Dalzel [formerly Dalziel], Andrew (1742–1806), classical scholar and tutor, was born on 6 October 1742 at Gateside of Newliston, a farm where his family had held the tenancy for more than a century, in the parish of Kirkliston, Linlithgowshire. He was the son of ...

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R. W. Livingstone

revised by M. C. Curthoys

Dill, Sir Samuel (1844–1924), classical scholar and educationist, was born on 26 March 1844 at Hillsborough, co. Down, the eldest son of the Revd Samuel Marcus Dill (d. 1870), DD, Presbyterian minister of Hillsborough, later professor of systematic theology and first president of ...

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Drummond, Sir William, of Logiealmond (1770?–1828), classical scholar and diplomatist, was the eldest son of John Drummond, the laird of Logiealmond, and his wife, Lady Catherine Murray, sister of John, earl of Dunmore. He succeeded his father on the latter's death in 1781. He studied philosophy briefly (...

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John Westby-Gibson

revised by Patrick Bullard

Duncan, William (1717–1760), natural philosopher and classicist, elder son of William Duncan, an Aberdeen tradesman, and his wife, Euphemia Kirkwood, daughter of a wealthy farmer in Haddingtonshire, was born in Aberdeen in July 1717. He had several sisters and a younger brother, John...

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Dunlop, Alexander (1684–1747), Greek scholar and university teacher, was born in the North American colony of Carolina, the son of William Dunlop (1653/4–1700) and his wife, Sarah Carstairs, a cousin who was the sister of William Carstares (1649–1715), a leading politician in Scotland...

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George Finlay (1799–1875) by Charles Henry Jeens Ashmolean Museum, Oxford

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Finlay, George (1799–1875), philhellene and historian, the younger son of Major John Finlay RE FRS (1757–1802) and Helen (née Thomson) and the grandson of James Finlay, a Glasgow merchant, was born on 21 December 1799 at Faversham, Kent. His father died in 1802, and in 1805 his mother married ...

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Sir James George Frazer (1854–1941) by Lafayette, 1926 © National Portrait Gallery, London