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Anderson, James (1662–1728), historiographer and antiquary, was born in Edinburgh on 5 August 1662, the son of Patrick Anderson (c.1627–1690) and his wife, Margaret Threipland. His father was the Presbyterian minister of Walston in Lanarkshire, and was imprisoned on the Bass Rock...

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Balfour, Sir Andrew, first baronet (1630–1694), botanist and antiquary, was born at Balfour Castle, Denmiln, Fife, on 18 January 1630, the fifth and youngest son in the large family of Sir Michael Balfour and his wife, Jane or Joanna (d. 1640), daughter of ...

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Sir James Balfour of Denmiln and Kinnaird, first baronet (1600–1657) by unknown artist Scottish National Portrait Gallery

Article

Balfour, Sir James, of Denmiln and Kinnaird, first baronet (1600–1657), antiquary and herald, was probably born at Denmiln, Fife, the son of Sir Michael Balfour of Denmiln (c.1580–1652), later MP for Fife and comptroller of the household to Charles I, and his wife, ...

Article

W. W. Wroth

revised by C. M. Fraser

Bruce, John Collingwood (1805–1892), antiquary, was born at Albion Place, Newcastle upon Tyne, on 15 September 1805, the eldest son of John Bruce (1775–1834) of Newcastle and his wife, Mary Jack. He was educated at the Percy Street Academy, a well-known school in ...

Article

T. F. Henderson

revised by Alexander Du Toit

Callander, John (b. in or after 1721, d. 1789), antiquary, was the son of James Callander (d. 1725), advocate, of Craigforth, Stirlingshire, and Catherine Mackenzie, who married on 21 September 1721. His father was descended from James VI's master smith in Scotland...

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George Chalmers (bap. 1742, d. 1825) by Henry Edridge, 1809 © National Portrait Gallery, London

Article

Chalmers, George (bap. 1742, d. 1825), antiquary and political writer, was born in Fochabers, Moray, and baptized there on 26 December 1742, the son of James Chalmers, postmaster at Fochabers, and his wife, Isabella Ruddock. He attended the parish school of Bellie and later appears to have studied at ...

Article

Clerk, Sir John, of Penicuik, second baronet (1676–1755), politician and antiquary, was born at Edinburgh on 8 February 1676, the second child and eldest son of Sir John Clerk of Penicuik, first baronet (1649/50–1722), landowner and coal owner, and his first wife, Elizabeth Hendersone...

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Andrew Crosbie (1736–1785) by David Martin in the collection of the Faculty of Advocates

Article

Crosbie, Andrew (1736–1785), lawyer and antiquary, was probably born at Soutergate, Dumfries. He was the surviving son (the elder died young) of Andrew Crosbie (d. 1762), provost of Dumfries (like his father, John), and Jean, daughter of James Grierson of Barjary...

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Dalrymple, Sir James, of Borthwick, first baronet (1650–1719), antiquary, was the second son of Sir James Dalrymple, baronet, of Stair, later first Viscount Stair (1619–1695), the celebrated jurist, and his wife, Margaret (d. 1692), daughter of James Ross of Balniel and widow of ...

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Sir John Graham Dalyell, sixth baronet (1775–1851) by Sir John Watson-Gordon photograph by kind permission of The National Trust for Scotland

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Dalyell, Sir John Graham, sixth baronet (1775–1851), antiquary and naturalist, the second son of Sir Robert Dalyell, fourth baronet (1724–1791), an army officer, and his wife, Elizabeth (d. 1825), the only daughter of Nicol Graham of Gartmore, Perthshire, was born at The Binns, Linlithgowshire...

Article

W. W. Wroth

revised by Alexander Du Toit

Davidson, John (c. 1724–1797), antiquary and lawyer, was the son of James Davidson of Haltree, an Edinburgh bookseller, and Elizabeth, sister of William Brown, Church of Scotland minister, also of Edinburgh. He was educated for the law, being apprenticed to George Balfour, writer to the ...

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Douglas, Sir William Fettes (1822–1891), painter, antiquary, and curator, was born in the parish of St Cuthbert, Edinburgh, on 29 March 1822, eldest son of Douglas James Douglas, accountant with the Commercial Bank of Scotland, and Martha Brook, great-niece of Sir William Fettes, bt...

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David Hay Fleming (1849–1931) by Andrew Swan Watson, 1925 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Fleming, David Hay (1849–1931), antiquary and writer on Scottish history, was born at St Andrews on 9 May 1849, the third and youngest son of John Fleming, china and stoneware merchant, of St Andrews, whose ancestors were from Deeside, and his wife, Ann...

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Richard Gough (1735–1809) by R. Sawyer, pubd 1822 (after unknown artist, 1786) © National Portrait Gallery, London

Article

Gough, Richard (1735–1809), antiquary, was born on 21 October 1735 in Winchester Street, London, the only son and heir of Harry Gough (1681–1751), merchant and MP, of Perry Hall, Staffordshire, and Elizabeth (d. 1774), daughter of Morgan Hynde, a wealthy London brewer. He had three sisters, ...