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Addis, Sir Charles Stewart (1861–1945), banker and government adviser, was born on 23 November 1861 in Edinburgh, the youngest of twelve children of the Revd Thomas Addis (1813–1899), a Free Church of Scotland minister, and his wife, Robina, daughter of a tea merchant in ...

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Sir James Hunter Blair, first baronet (1741–1787) by John Smart, 1772 private collection; © reserved in the photograph

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Blair, Sir James Hunter, first baronet (1741–1787), banker, was born James Hunter on 26 February 1741 at Ayr, the second of three sons of John Hunter (d. c.1762), a wealthy merchant and probably banker of Mainholm, later of Brownhill, both in ...

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Brown, Alexander (1764–1834), merchant and banker, was born on 17 November 1764 in Ballymena, co. Antrim, the son of William Brown (b. 1715) and Margaret Davison. There may have been as many as thirteen children in the family, but only four—three sons, of whom ...

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Campbell, John (c. 1703–1777), banker and businessman, was held by contemporaries to be an illegitimate son of Colin Campbell of Ardmaddy, younger son of the first earl of Breadalbane (1634–1717). Later testimonies suggest that Colin Campbell married Grizel Douglas against the earl's wishes, and that all evidence of this legal marriage was later destroyed, and with it, the claim of ...

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Campbell, Lord Neil, of Ardmaddie (c. 1630–1692), colonial speculator, was the second of six children of Archibald Campbell, marquess of Argyll (1605x7–1661), and his wife, Lady Margaret (1610–1678), second daughter of William Douglas, seventh earl of Morton; his parents lived mainly at Inveraray, Argyll...

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Colville, Ronald John Bilsland, second Baron Clydesmuir (1917–1996), businessman and banker, was born on 21 May 1917 at 28 Park Circus, Hillhead, Glasgow, the only son and eldest of the three children of (David) John Colville, first Baron Clydesmuir (1894–1954), steel manufacturer, politician, and public servant, and his wife, ...

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Coutts, John (1699–1750), merchant and banker, was born on 28 July 1699, probably in Edinburgh, the son of Patrick Coutts of Edinburgh and his wife, Jean, née Dunlop. His father's family had long been settled in Montrose, where his grandfather John was provost in 1677. His mother came from the ...

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Dick, Sir William, of Braid (d. 1655), merchant and financier, was the only son of John Dick, proprietor in Orkney and an Edinburgh town councillor in 1592–3. Nothing is known of his early life. On 15 June 1603 he married Elizabeth, sister of the wealthy ...

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Maker: David Octavius Hill and Robert Adamson

Henry Duncan (1774–1846) by David Octavius Hill and Robert Adamson, c. 1843–6 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Duncan, Henry (1774–1846), Church of Scotland minister and savings bank founder, was born at Lochrutton, Kirkcudbrightshire, on 8 October 1774, the third son of the minister George Duncan (1738–1807) and his first wife, Anne M'Murdo (d. 1824). He was educated at Dumfries Academy...

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Dunn, Sir James Hamet, first baronet (1874–1956), financier, was born on 29 October 1874, in Bathurst, New Brunswick, Canada, only child of Robert Dunn (1846–1875), boatbuilder, and his wife, Elizabeth Abrahams (d. 1918), daughter of John Joudrey. He was educated at St Luke's School, Bathurst...

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Robert Fleming (1845–1933) by Francis Dodd, 1915 © reserved; collection Robert Fleming Holdings; photograph National Portrait Gallery, London

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Fleming, Robert (1845–1933), financier, was born on 17 March 1845 at Liff Road, Lochee, then a village about 3 miles to the north-west of Dundee. He was the fourth of seven children of John Fleming (1806–1873), an overseer in linen and jute mills in ...

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Fockart, Janet (d. 1596), merchant and moneylender, was probably descended from the Fockarts found as Edinburgh burgesses from the fifteenth century, who may themselves have been descended from the Fockarts of Lesmahagow parish, Lanarkshire. Having outlived three husbands, Janet became a well-known figure in the merchant community of late sixteenth-century ...

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Fordyce, Alexander (bap. 1729, d. 1789), banker, youngest son of George Fordyce (1663–1733), provost of Aberdeen, and his second wife, Elizabeth Brown (1688–1760), was born at Eggie in the parish of Belhelvie, where he was baptized on 7 August 1729. He was the brother of ...

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Foulis, Thomas (c. 1560–1628), goldsmith, financier, and mining entrepreneur, was a younger son of Henry Foulis of Colinton (d. 1571), an advocate, and his wife, Margaret Haldane (fl. 1545–1560). He became a goldsmith of Edinburgh in 1581, after an apprenticeship to the wealthy ...

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Furnese, Sir Henry, first baronet (1658–1712), politician and financier, was born at Sandwich, Kent, on 30 May 1658, the eldest son of Henry Furnese (d. 1672) of Sandwich and his wife, Anne (d. 1696), the daughter of Andrew Gosfright of Sandwich...

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Gray, Robert (1825–1887), ornithologist and bank official, was born at Dunbar, East Lothian, on 15 August 1825, the son of Archibald Gray, a merchant, and his wife, Agnes Hendre. He was educated at the parish school and at the age of fifteen became an apprentice at the ...

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Henderson, Alexander, first Baron Faringdon (1850–1934), stockbroker and financier, was born at 25 Upper Winchester Street, Islington, London on 28 September 1850, the second son of the six sons and three daughters of George Henderson, printer, proof corrector, and Greek and Hebrew scholar, of ...