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Acland [née Fox, Fox-Strangways], Lady Christian Henrietta Caroline [Harriet] (1750–1815), diarist, was born at Kilmington, Somerset, on 3 January 1750 and baptized on 16 January at St James's, Piccadilly, London. She was the third surviving daughter of Stephen Fox, later first earl of Ilchester...

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Amphlett, John (1845–1918), historian and diarist, was born at Sydenham, Kent, on 22 March 1845, the eldest of the three children of John Amphlett (1839–1868) of Clent and his wife, Jane (1812–1888), daughter of Robert Smithson of Skipwith, Yorkshire. John Amphlett was seventh in nine successive generations of ...

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Elizabeth Anson, Lady Anson (1725–1760) studio of Thomas Hudson National Trust Photographic Library / John Hammond

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Anson [née Yorke], Elizabeth, Lady Anson (1725–1760), political correspondent and political manager, was born in August 1725, the sixth child and eldest daughter of Philip Yorke, subsequently first Baron and first earl of Hardwicke (1690–1764), lord chancellor, and his wife, Margaret Lygon (...

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(Anthony) Evelyn Melbourne Ashley (1836–1907) by Spy (Sir Leslie Ward), pubd 1883 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Ashley, (Anthony) Evelyn Melbourne (1836–1907), politician and biographer, born in London on 24 July 1836, was the fourth son of Anthony Ashley Cooper, seventh earl of Shaftesbury (1801–1885), politician and social reformer, and his wife, Emily (1810–1872), daughter of Peter Leopold Cowper, fifth Earl Cowper...

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Margaret Emma Alice Asquith, countess of Oxford and Asquith (1864–1945) by Baron Adolf de Meyer, c. 1911 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Asquith [née Tennant], Margaret Emma Alice [Margot], countess of Oxford and Asquith (1864–1945), political hostess and diarist, was born on 2 February 1864, the sixth daughter and eleventh child of Sir Charles Tennant, first baronet (1823–1906), wealthy Scottish industrialist and Liberal MP, and his first wife, ...

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Astry [married name Orlebar], Diana (bap. 1671, d. 1716), diarist and compiler of recipe books, was baptized on 2 January 1671 at St Mary's, Henbury, Gloucestershire, the third daughter and fifth child of Sir Samuel Astry (1632–1704) of Henbury, Gloucestershire, a clerk of the ...

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Atkinson, William (1758–1846), pamphleteer and poet, was born on 14 April 1758, at Thorp Arch, West Riding of Yorkshire, and baptized there on 19 May 1758, the fourth and youngest son of the Revd Christopher Atkinson (b. 1712/13), rector of Thorp Arch...

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Austen [née Wilson], Katherine (b. 1629, d. in or before 1683), diarist and poet, was born in the parish of St Mary Colechurch, London, one of at least seven children of Robert Wilson (d. 1639), draper, and his wife, Katherine (...

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Austin, Robert (bap. 1593, d. 1661), Church of England clergyman and political pamphleteer, was born at Guildford, Surrey, the fifth of seven children of George Austin (d. 1621) of Shalford, Surrey, and his second wife, Jane Harrison. He was baptized at Holy Trinity, Guildford...

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Averell, William (bap. 1556, d. 1605), pamphleteer, was baptized on 12 February 1556, the son of John Averell (d. 1569), joiner, and his wife, Margaret (d. 1578). Nothing is known of his youth and education but he was a member of the ...

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Bacon, Jane, Lady Bacon [née Jane Meautys; other married name Jane Cornwallis, Lady Cornwallis] (1580/81–1659), letter-writer, was the daughter of Hercules Meautys of West Ham, Essex, and Philippe, daughter of Richard Cooke of Gidea Hall, Essex. Her grandfather Sir Peter Meautys, who was descended from an ancient French family which had come from ...

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Baggerley, Humphrey (fl. 1648–1654), army officer and supposed biographer, was among the troops who on 9 October 1648 surrendered at Appleby, Westmorland, to superior parliamentarian forces under Colonel Assheton. The royalist soldiers were granted very generous terms and, having been allowed his freedom, ...

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Bain [née Burn], Louisa (1803–1883), diarist, was born on 30 January 1803 at 37 Kirby Street, London, the tenth of the twelve children of English parents Thomas Burn (b. 1760), bookbinder, and his wife, Elizabeth Dyer (d. 1828). From the ages of seven to twelve she was educated at a school at ...

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Baldwyn, Edward (bap. 1745, d. 1817), schoolmaster and pamphleteer, was baptized on 21 August 1745 in the parish of St Lawrence, Ludlow, Shropshire, the son of William Baldwyn and his wife, Ann. He matriculated from St John's College, Oxford, on 25 June 1762, aged sixteen, and graduated BA in 1767 and MA in 1784. He became a fellow of the college while still an undergraduate, vacating the fellowship only on his marriage in ...

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Balfour [née Lytton], Elizabeth Edith [Betty], countess of Balfour (1867–1942), social hostess and biographer, was born on 12 June 1867 at Hyde Park Gate, London, the eldest of the five surviving children of Edward Robert Bulwer-Lytton, first earl of Lytton (1831–1891), viceroy, diplomat, and poet, and his wife, ...

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Ball, Hannah (1734–1792), follower of Wesleyan Methodism and diarist, was born on 13 March 1734, probably in Buckinghamshire. Nothing is known of her family other than that she was one of a family of twelve children and that her mother died in 1779, aged seventy-nine. At the age of nine she went to live with an uncle in ...

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Bankes, Henry (1757–1834), politician and parliamentary diarist, was born on 19 December 1757; he was the second but only surviving son of Henry Bankes (bap. 1700, d. 1776), commissioner of customs, a member of the parliamentary dynasty descended from the royalist chief justice ...