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Balfour, John, third Lord Balfour of Burleigh (d. 1696/7), nobleman, was the son and heir of Robert Balfour (formerly Arnot), second Lord Balfour of Burleigh (d. 1663), and Margaret Balfour, Lady Balfour (d. 1639), who married in 1606. After being sent to ...

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Sir Duncan Campbell of Glenorchy 1551x44–1631 by unknown artist, 1601 Scottish National Portrait Gallery

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Campbell family of Glenorchy (per. 1432–1631), nobility, formed the principal cadet branch of clan Campbell and in the early modern period constituted one of the most successful Scottish noble houses. They entered the peerage, as earls of Breadalbane, in 1681, exploiting a mixture of highland and lowland techniques to ensure their rise to prominence, as they came to dominate the central highlands of ...

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Archibald Campbell, marquess of Argyll (1605x77–1661) by David Scougall Scottish National Portrait Gallery

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Campbell, Archibald, marquess of Argyll (1605x7–1661), nobleman and politician, was born between August 1605 and April 1607, the son of Archibald Campbell, seventh earl of Argyll (1575/6–1638), and his first wife, Lady Anne Douglas (1574–1607), daughter of William Douglas, sixth earl of Morton...

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Campbell, Archibald, first duke of Argyll (d. 1703), nobleman and politician, was the eldest son of Archibald Campbell, ninth earl of Argyll (1629–1685), and his first wife, Lady Mary Stuart (d. 1668), eldest daughter of James Stuart, fourth earl of Moray; his parents married in 1650. He was styled ...

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See Campbell family of Glenorchy

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See Campbell family of Glenorchy

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Campbell, Katherine, countess of Crawford (d. 1578), noblewoman, was the eldest daughter of Sir John Campbell (d. 1546), first knight of Calder [see under Campbell family of Cawdor], and Muriel (1498/9–1573×5), heir of Cawdor. She married first, before 1 October 1539, ...

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Carnegie, David, first earl of Southesk (1574/5–1658), nobleman, was the eldest son of David Carnegie of Colluthie and Kinnaird (d. 1598) and his second wife, Euphame (d. 1593), daughter of Sir John Wemyss of that ilk. John Carnegie, first earl of Northesk...

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Carnegie, John, first earl of Northesk (1578/9–1667), nobleman, was the second son of David Carnegie of Colluthie and Kinnaird (d. 1598) and his second wife, Euphame Wemyss (d. 1593), daughter of Sir John Wemyss of that ilk. David Carnegie, first earl of Southesk...

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Christian Cavendish, countess of Devonshire (1595–1675) by Sir Anthony Van Dyck, c. 1632 Columbus Museum of Art, Ohio: Museum Purchase, Derby Fund

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Cavendish [née Bruce], Christian [Christiana], countess of Devonshire (1595–1675), royalist noblewoman, was born on 25 December 1595, the daughter of Edward Bruce, first Lord Bruce of Kinloss (1548/9–1611), master of the rolls, and his wife, Magdalen Clerk, daughter of Alexander Clerk of ...

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Cunningham, Alexander, fourth earl of Glencairn (d. 1574/5), nobleman, was the eldest son of William Cunningham, third earl of Glencairn (d. 1548), and Katherine Borthwick, daughter of William, third Lord Borthwick.

With his father, Alexander was from his earliest active years an adherent of the party that favoured closer alliance with ...

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Cunningham, Anna [Anne], marchioness of Hamilton (d. 1647), noblewoman, was the fourth daughter of three sons and six daughters born to James Cunningham, sixth earl of Glencairn (c. 1552–1630) [see under Cunningham family] and his first wife, Mariot or Margaret (...

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See Cunningham family

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See Cunningham family

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See Cunningham family

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Dalzell [Dalyell], Robert, first earl of Carnwath (d. 1654), royalist nobleman, was the eldest son of Robert Dalyell, first Lord Dalyell (d. 1635/6), and Margaret, daughter of Sir William Crichton of Clunie. That his parents' marriage contract was dated 1580 indicates the earliest possible date of his birth. He succeeded to the title of ...

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Henry Paton

revised by Derek John Patrick

Douglas, Archibald, first earl of Forfar (1653–1712), nobleman, was born in Lanarkshire on 3 May 1653, the eldest son of the second marriage of Archibald Douglas, earl of Angus (c. 1609–1655), to Lady Jean Wemyss (d. 1715), eldest daughter of David Wemyss, ...