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Abney, Sir William de Wiveleslie (1843–1920), civil servant and photographic scientist, was born at Derby on 24 July 1843, the eldest son of Edward Henry Abney (bap. 1811, d. 1892), vicar of St Alkmund's, Derby, afterwards prebendary of Lichfield, and Catharina, daughter of ...

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Ackermann, George (1803–1891), publisher and artist, was born in London on 29 January 1803, the second surviving son of Rudolph Ackermann (1764–1834) and Martha, née Massey (1769–1811). By nature quiet, gentle, and something of a dreamer, he was nevertheless an obedient son and began a long and active business career by joining his father's business as publisher of books and prints at ...

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Thomas Allom (1804–1872) by Thomas Carrick, 1846 private collection

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Allom, Thomas (1804–1872), architect and artist, was born on 13 March 1804 at Lambeth, the second of the two children of Thomas Allom (1770–1840), a coachman, and his wife, Martha Rampley (1771–1861), who were both originally from Suffolk. He was articled to the architect ...

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See Andrews, Robert

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Andrews, Michael James (1928–1995), artist, was born on 30 October 1928 at 142 Glebe Road, Norwich, the second child of Thomas Victor Andrews, an insurance clerk, and his wife, Gertrude Emma, née Green. Reared a Methodist and readied by his parents for a job for life in the ...

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Robert Andrews (1725–1806) by Thomas Gainsborough, c.1750 © National Gallery, London / The Bridgeman Art Library

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Andrews, Robert (1725–1806), landowner and subject of a painting by Thomas Gainsborough, was born at Bulmer, Essex, on 10 November 1725, the son of Robert Andrews (1661–1735) and his fourth wife, Martha (d. 1749), the daughter of James Brewster (d. 1725)...

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See Power, Cyril Edward Mary

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Angas, George French (1822–1886), artist and zoologist, born on 25 April 1822 in Newcastle upon Tyne, was the eldest son of George Fife Angas (1789–1879) and his wife, Rosetta French (1796–1867), who had three sons and four daughters. When he was a child his family moved to ...

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Peter Frederick Anson (1889–1975) by Howard Coster, 1933 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Anson, Peter Frederick (1889–1975), monk, writer, and artist, was born Frederick Charles Anson on 22 August 1889 at 32 South Parade, Southsea, the son of Charles Eustace Anson (1858–1940), subsequently rear-admiral, and his wife, (Maria) Evelyn, née Ross (1863–1904). His father came from a family with strong connections to the ...

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Edward Jeffery Irving Ardizzone (1900–1979) by Howard Coster, 1954 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Ardizzone, Edward Jeffery Irving (1900–1979), artist and writer, was born on 16 October 1900 in Haiphong, French Indo-China. He was the eldest child of Auguste Ardizzone (d. 1942), a naturalized Frenchman of Italian parentage, an employee of the Eastern Extension Telegraph Company...

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Arendrup [née Courtauld], Edith (1846–1934), artist and Roman Catholic religious sister, was born on 1 September 1846 at Bocking, Braintree, Essex, the younger child and only daughter of John Minton Courtauld (d. 1877), junior partner in Samuel Courtauld & Co., silk and crepe manufacturers, and his wife, ...

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Armfield, Maxwell Ashby (1881–1972), artist and writer, was born at Ringwood, Hampshire, on 5 October 1881, the eldest of the three children of Joseph John Armfield, a milling engineer, and his wife, Margaret Maxwell, a lineal descendant of the earls of Nithsdale. The ...

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Armstrong, Thomas (1832–1911), artist and applied arts administrator, was born at Fallowfield, Manchester, on 19 October 1832, the eldest son of Thomas Armstrong and his wife, Sarah. Educated at a private school at Tarvin, near Chester, he initially began work in his family's cotton business in ...

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Austen, Winifred Marie Louise (1876–1964), artist and illustrator, was born in Ramsgate, Kent, on 12 July 1876, the only daughter of Josiah Austin, a Cornish naval surgeon, and his wife, Fanny, née Mann. She altered the spelling of her surname from Austin to ...

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Dame Beryl Margaret Bainbridge (1932–2010) by Eamonn McCabe, 2002 © Eamonn McCabe

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Bainbridge, Dame Beryl Margaret (1932–2010), actress, writer, and artist, was born on 21 November 1932 at 294 Menlove Avenue, Allerton, Liverpool, the younger child of Richard Bainbridge, commercial agent, and his wife, Winifred, née Baines. Her father was a self-made man who left school at ten, established himself successfully in business, but then went bankrupt as a result of the 1929 financial crash. His wife, who considered that her husband had married above himself, was disappointed and embittered by the family's reduced circumstances, and the young ...