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Bryan, George (1731–1791), merchant and revolutionary politician in America, was born on 11 August 1731 in Dublin, the fourth of eight children, and eldest son, of Samuel Bryan, merchant, and his wife, Sarah Dennis. His parents were Irish Presbyterians. In 1752 his father thought him sufficiently schooled in trade and sent him to ...

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Clark, Abraham (1726–1794), author and revolutionary politician in America, was born on 15 February 1726 in Elizabethtown, New Jersey, the son of Thomas Clark, farmer and alderman, and his wife, Hannah Winans. A resident of Elizabethtown his entire life, in 1749 Clark married ...

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George Clinton (1739–1812) by John Trumbull, 1791 Collection of the City of New York, courtesy of the Art Commission of the City of New York

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Clinton, George (1739–1812), revolutionary and politician in the United States of America, was born on 26 July 1739 in the hamlet of Little Britain, Ulster county, New York, one of two sons of Charles Clinton (1690–1773), landowner and surveyor, and Elizabeth Denniston (...

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Henry Knox (1750–1806) by Gilbert Stuart, c. 1805 Copyright 2004 Museum of Fine Arts, Boston; Deposited by the City of Boston

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Knox, Henry (1750–1806), revolutionary army officer and politician in America, was born on 25 July 1750 at Sea Street, Boston, Massachusetts, the seventh of ten sons of William Knox (1712–1762), shipmaster and wharf owner, and his wife, Mary Campbell (d. 1771), daughter of ...

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Maker: unknown photographer

John Maclean (1879–1923) by unknown photographer, 1919 [David Kirkwood (1872–1955) [far left] and [centre] at a workers' demonstration in Glasgow] Glasgow Museums People's Palace

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Maclean, John (1879–1923), revolutionary socialist, was born in Pollokshaws, Glasgow, on 14 August 1879, the sixth child of Daniel Maclean, a potter, and his wife, Annie McPhee, a weaver, who were members of the strictly sabbatarian Original Secessionist church. Maclean was eight years old when his father died, and he was brought up by his mother and maternal grandmother. Despite financial difficulties, he entered the ...

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Martin, Alexander (1739/40–1807), revolutionary army officer and politician in America, was born at Lebanon, Hunterdon county, New Jersey, the eldest son of Hugh Martin (b. c.1700) and Jane, née Hunter (c.1720–1807). Martin's father was originally from co. Tyrone and his mother from ...

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McDougall, Alexander (1732–1786), army officer and revolutionary politician in America, was born in July or August 1732 in Kildalton, Islay, Scotland, the son of Ronald McDougall, a farmer and dairyman, and his wife, Elizabeth. His Presbyterian parents were part of the highland Scottish and northern Irish migration to the American ‘back country’ of the mid-eighteenth century, prepared to brave a war-ridden frontier rather than continuing to endure conditions in their homeland. ...

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McKean, Thomas (1734–1817), revolutionary politician in America, was born on 19 March 1734 in New London township, Chester county, Pennsylvania, the second of four children of William McKean (1707–1769), an unsuccessful farmer and innkeeper, and his first wife, Letitia (c.1710–1742), daughter of ...

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Mitchell, James (d. 1678), presbyterian preacher and insurgent, was born and raised in Edinburghshire. He studied at Edinburgh University under the theologian David Dickson and graduated on 9 July 1656. During the 1650s he adhered to the militant wing of the Scottish covenanters, the remonstrants, but his clerical career was less than distinguished, perhaps because he was '...

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Rush, Benjamin (1746–1813), physician and revolutionary politician in America, was born on 4 January 1746 in Byberry, Pennsylvania, the fourth of the seven children of John Rush (1712?–1751), a farmer and gunsmith, and Susanna Harvey, née Hall (1717?–1795). When Rush's father died at the age of thirty-nine in 1751, his mother, whom ...

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Thomson, Charles (1729–1824), revolutionary politician in America, was born in November 1729 in the townland of Gorteade, Maghera, co. Londonderry, the third of the six children of John Thomson (d. 1739), probably a flax grower, and his wife (d. 1739), both probably of Scottish birth. Following his mother's death he left for ...

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Williamson, Hugh (1735–1819), physician and revolutionary politician in America, was born in West Nottingham township, Chester county, Pennsylvania, on 5 December 1735. Both of his parents were Scots-Irish: his father, John Williamson (d. 1757), was a clothier who emigrated to America in 1730 from ...

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James Wilson (1742–1798) by Jean Pierre Henri Elouis, c. 1792 National Portrait Gallery, Smithsonian Institution / Art Resource, NY

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Wilson, James (1742–1798), revolutionary politician in America and jurist in the United States, was born on 14 September 1742 at Carskerdo, near Ceres, in Fife, the fourth of seven children of William Wilson (d. 1762), a modest farmer and an outspoken elder of the ...