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Allen, William (1704–1780), landowner and politician in America, was born on 5 August 1704 in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, to William Allen (d. c.1725), merchant, and his wife, known only by her maiden name, Budd. They were Presbyterians from Dungannon, Tyrone, to whom ...

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Bryan, George (1731–1791), merchant and revolutionary politician in America, was born on 11 August 1731 in Dublin, the fourth of eight children, and eldest son, of Samuel Bryan, merchant, and his wife, Sarah Dennis. His parents were Irish Presbyterians. In 1752 his father thought him sufficiently schooled in trade and sent him to ...

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George Clinton (1739–1812) by John Trumbull, 1791 Collection of the City of New York, courtesy of the Art Commission of the City of New York

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Clinton, George (1739–1812), revolutionary and politician in the United States of America, was born on 26 July 1739 in the hamlet of Little Britain, Ulster county, New York, one of two sons of Charles Clinton (1690–1773), landowner and surveyor, and Elizabeth Denniston (...

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Alexander Hamilton (1757–1804) by John Trumbull, 1792 © reserved

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Hamilton, Alexander (1757–1804), politician in the United States of America, was born on 11 January 1757 in Nevis, British West Indies, the second of two illegitimate sons of James Hamilton (c.1718–1799), itinerant trader, and Rachel Faucett Lavien (c.1729–1768). His father deserted the family when ...

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Henry Knox (1750–1806) by Gilbert Stuart, c. 1805 Copyright 2004 Museum of Fine Arts, Boston; Deposited by the City of Boston

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Knox, Henry (1750–1806), revolutionary army officer and politician in America, was born on 25 July 1750 at Sea Street, Boston, Massachusetts, the seventh of ten sons of William Knox (1712–1762), shipmaster and wharf owner, and his wife, Mary Campbell (d. 1771), daughter of ...

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Martin, Alexander (1739/40–1807), revolutionary army officer and politician in America, was born at Lebanon, Hunterdon county, New Jersey, the eldest son of Hugh Martin (b. c.1700) and Jane, née Hunter (c.1720–1807). Martin's father was originally from co. Tyrone and his mother from ...

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McDougall, Alexander (1732–1786), army officer and revolutionary politician in America, was born in July or August 1732 in Kildalton, Islay, Scotland, the son of Ronald McDougall, a farmer and dairyman, and his wife, Elizabeth. His Presbyterian parents were part of the highland Scottish and northern Irish migration to the American ‘back country’ of the mid-eighteenth century, prepared to brave a war-ridden frontier rather than continuing to endure conditions in their homeland. ...

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McKean, Thomas (1734–1817), revolutionary politician in America, was born on 19 March 1734 in New London township, Chester county, Pennsylvania, the second of four children of William McKean (1707–1769), an unsuccessful farmer and innkeeper, and his first wife, Letitia (c.1710–1742), daughter of ...

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David Ramsay (1749–1815) by Rembrandt Peale, 1796 Independence National Historical Park

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Ramsay, David (1749–1815), historian and politician in the United States of America, was born on 2 April 1749 at Drumore township, Lancaster county, Pennsylvania, the son of James Ramsay and his wife, Jane, née Montgomery, who were protestant Irish farmers. He graduated from the ...

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Reed, Joseph (1741–1785), politician and revolutionary army officer in America, was born on 27 August 1741 in Trenton, New Jersey, the third of eight children of Andrew Reed (d. 1769) and the eldest of Andrew's second wife, Theodosia Bowes (d. 1753)...

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Rush, Benjamin (1746–1813), physician and revolutionary politician in America, was born on 4 January 1746 in Byberry, Pennsylvania, the fourth of the seven children of John Rush (1712?–1751), a farmer and gunsmith, and Susanna Harvey, née Hall (1717?–1795). When Rush's father died at the age of thirty-nine in 1751, his mother, whom ...

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William Smith (1727–1793) by Henry Stubble, c. 1785 © Collection of The New-York Historical Society. Negative no. 1281

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Smith, William (1727–1793), lawyer and politician in America, was born in New York city on 18 June 1727, the first child and namesake of William Smith (1697–1769), the foremost attorney in New York during the first half of the eighteenth century, and Mary Het (1710–1754)...

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Telfair, Edward (c. 1735–1807), merchant and politician in the United States of America, was born at Town Head, Lanark, of unknown parentage. He attended Kirkcudbright School on the Solway Firth, but nothing is known of his early life. He entered the mercantile business and at age twenty-three his firm sent him to ...

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Williamson, Hugh (1735–1819), physician and revolutionary politician in America, was born in West Nottingham township, Chester county, Pennsylvania, on 5 December 1735. Both of his parents were Scots-Irish: his father, John Williamson (d. 1757), was a clothier who emigrated to America in 1730 from ...

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James Wilson (1742–1798) by Jean Pierre Henri Elouis, c. 1792 National Portrait Gallery, Smithsonian Institution / Art Resource, NY