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Cameron, John (1725–1799), minister of the Presbyterian General Synod of Ulster, was born near Edinburgh. He was apprenticed to an Edinburgh bookseller and afterwards studied at Edinburgh University, where he was awarded the degree of MA. He belonged to the Reformed Presbyterians or ‘covenanters’ and was admitted as a probationer to that body....

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Campbell, Archibald, fifth earl of Argyll (1538–1573), magnate and protestant reformer, was the eldest son of Archibald Campbell, fourth earl of Argyll (1498–1558), and his first wife, Lady Helen Hamilton (d. in or before 1541), daughter of the first earl of Arran...

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John Campbell, first earl of Loudoun (1598–1662) by Abraham Simon, 1645 © Copyright The British Museum

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Campbell, John, first earl of Loudoun (1598–1662), lord chancellor of Scotland, was the eldest son of Sir James Campbell of Lawers and his wife, Jean, daughter of James Colvill, first Lord Colvill of Culros. He probably travelled abroad before he married (by March 1620) ...

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James Douglas, fourth earl of Morton (c. 1516–1581) attrib. Arnold Bronckorst, c. 1580 Scottish National Portrait Gallery

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Douglas, James, fourth earl of Morton (c. 1516–1581), regent and chancellor of Scotland, was the second son of Sir George Douglas, master of Angus (1490?–1552), of Pittendreich, near Elgin, Moray, and his wife, Elizabeth (d. c.1560), only daughter of David Douglas...

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George Gordon, first earl of Aberdeen (1637–1720) by unknown artist private collection; photograph © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Gordon, George, first earl of Aberdeen (1637–1720), judge and politician, was born on 3 October 1637, the second son of Sir John Gordon of Haddo, first baronet (d. 1644), an Aberdeenshire laird, and of Mary, daughter of William Forbes of Tolquhon, also an ...

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Graham, John, third earl of Montrose (1548–1608), magnate and lord chancellor of Scotland, was the posthumous son of Robert Graham, master of Graham (c.1518–1547), and his wife, Margaret Fleming (d. 1584×7), daughter of Malcolm, third Lord Fleming. His father, who was killed at the battle of ...

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George Hay, first earl of Kinnoull (bap. 1570, d. 1634) by Daniel Mytens, 1633 Scottish National Portrait Gallery

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Hay, George, first earl of Kinnoull (bap. 1570, d. 1634), politician and entrepreneur, was baptized on 4 December 1570, probably at Megginch, Perthshire, the second son of Peter Hay (d. 1596), laird of Megginch and bailie to his distant kin the earls of Erroll...

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John Hay, first marquess of Tweeddale (1626–1697) by Sir Peter Lely Scottish National Portrait Gallery

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Hay, John, first marquess of Tweeddale (1626–1697), politician, was the eldest son of John Hay, eighth Lord Hay of Yester and first earl of Tweeddale (c.1593–1654), and his first wife, Lady Jean Seton (d. 1626/7), daughter of Alexander Seton, first earl of Dunfermline...

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Patrick Hume, first earl of Marchmont (1641–1724) by Sir Godfrey Kneller, 1698 reproduced by kind permission of the Trustees of the Paxton Trust

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Hume, Patrick, first earl of Marchmont (1641–1724), politician, was born at Redbraes, Berwickshire, on 13 January 1641, the eldest son of Sir Patrick Hume of Polwarth, first baronet (d. 1648), and Christian (d. 1688), youngest daughter of Sir Alexander Hamilton of ...

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John Leslie, duke of Rothes (c. 1630–1681) by Sir Peter Lely, c. 1662–5 private collection; © reserved in the photograph

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Leslie, John, duke of Rothes (c. 1630–1681), politician and nobleman, was the only son of John Leslie, sixth earl of Rothes (c. 1600–1641), and his wife, Lady Anne Erskine (d. 1640), daughter of John Erskine, earl of Mar (c. 1562–1634). Following his father's death on 23 August 1641 he succeeded to the earldom at the age of about eleven. He was placed into the care of his tutors, ...

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Lyon, John, eighth Lord Glamis (c. 1544–1578), nobleman and administrator, was the eldest son of John Lyon, seventh Lord Glamis (b. c. 1521, d. in or before 1559), and Janet, daughter of Robert Keith, Lord Keith, and sister of the fourth Earl Marischal...

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John Maitland, first Lord Maitland of Thirlestane (1543–1595) by unknown artist, c. 1590 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Maitland, John, first Lord Maitland of Thirlestane (1543–1595), lord chancellor of Scotland, was the second son of Sir Richard Maitland of Lethington (1496–1586) and Mary or Mariota Cranstoun (d. 1586); his older brother was William Maitland of Lethington (1525x30–1573), one of the most powerful politicians in ...