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Bauzá, Felipe (1764–1834), hydrographer, was born in Palma, Majorca, in the Spanish Balearic Islands. He entered the Spanish navy at the age of fifteen, and experienced active service as he rose through the ranks. His career as a hydrographer began under Tofiño y Varela...

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Sir Francis Beaufort (1774–1857) by Stephen Pearce, 1855–6 © National Maritime Museum, London, Greenwich Hospital Collection

Article

J. K. Laughton

revised by N. A. M. Rodger

Beaufort, Sir Francis (1774–1857), naval officer and hydrographer, was born on 27 May 1774 at Flower Hill, Navan, co. Meath, the second son of the Revd Daniel Augustus Beaufort (1739–1821), rector of Navan, a topographer and architect of some distinction, and his wife, ...

Article

J. K. Laughton

revised by Andrew Lambert

Belcher, Sir Edward (1799–1877), naval officer and hydrographer, was born in Halifax, Nova Scotia, on 27 February 1799, the second son of Andrew Belcher (1763–1841), a merchant in Nova Scotia who moved to England in 1811 and settled at Roehampton, Surrey, and his wife, ...

Article

Billings, Joseph (1758–1806), explorer and hydrographer in Russia, was born in 1758 at Turnham Green, Middlesex, according to ship musters; parish church registers confirm the birth of Joseph, son of Thomas and Mary Billing, on 6 September 1758. Billings's signed Russian service record, however, gives 1761 as the year of his birth. Other sources indicate that ...

Article

Cust, Sir Herbert Edward Purey- (1857–1938), naval officer and hydrographer, was born on 26 February 1857, the second son of Arthur Perceval Purey-Cust (1828–1916), dean of York (1880–1916), and his wife, Lady Emma Bligh, younger daughter of the fifth earl of Darnley. He entered the ...

Article

Des Barres, Joseph Frederick Wallet (1721–1824), hydrographer and colonial official, was born in November 1721, either in Basel, Switzerland, or in Paris, the eldest child of Joseph-Léonard Vallet des Barres, a Huguenot, and his wife, Anne-Catherine, née Cuvier. He was baptized Joseph-Frédéric Vallet...

Article

Dunsterville, Edward (1796–1873), naval officer and hydrographer, son of Edward Dunsterville, shipowner, was born at Penryn in Cornwall on 2 December 1796. He entered the navy on 17 July 1812 as a first-class volunteer on board the sloop Brisk, on the north coast of ...

Article

Field, Sir (Arthur) Mostyn (1855–1950), naval officer and hydrographer, was born at Braybrooke, near Market Harborough, on 27 June 1855, the youngest of the three children of Lieutenant (later Captain) John Bousquet Field RN, and his wife, Cecilia, daughter of Thomas Mostyn of the army medical department. He was educated at the ...

Article

Findlay, Alexander George, the younger (1812–1875), geographer and hydrographer, was born in London on 6 January 1812.

His father, Alexander Findlay the elder (1790–1870), engraver and cartographic and hydrographic publisher, was born on 7 December 1788 in Bermondsey, Surrey (where he was baptized at ...

Image

Matthew Flinders (1774–1814) by Helena G. de Courcy Jones, 1919 (after unknown artist, 1801?) © National Portrait Gallery, London

Article

J. K. Laughton

revised by Andrew C. F. David

Flinders, Matthew (1774–1814), naval officer and hydrographer, the eldest son of Matthew Flinders (1750–1802) and his first wife, Susannah, née Ward (1752–1783), was born on 16 March 1774 at Donington, near Boston in Lincolnshire, where his father and grandfather had practised as surgeons....

Article

Gilbert, Joseph (1732?–1820/21), seaman and hydrographer, was baptized on 1 June 1732 in Kirton in Holland, near Boston, Lincolnshire, the eighth and youngest child of John Gilbert (bap. 1697, d. 1782), farmer, and his wife, Elizabeth (bap. 1695, d. 1759)...

Article

Horsburgh [Horsbrough], James (1762–1836), hydrographer and chart maker, was born at Elie, Fife, on 23 September 1762, the son of William Horsbrough, shoemaker, and his wife, Jean Given or Givan. In materials for an autobiographical account Horsburgh described them as 'pious, and respectable, but not opulent...

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Joseph Huddart (1741–1816) by John Hoppner, in or before 1801 unknown collection / Christie's; photograph National Portrait Gallery, London

Article

Huddart, Joseph (1741–1816), hydrographer and engineer, was born on 11 January 1741 at Allonby, Cumberland, the only child of William Huddart (1704–1762), farmer and shoemaker, and his wife, Rachel. Huddart attended school in Allonby under the local clergyman, a well-educated man who introduced him to astronomy. He showed particular ability in mathematics and practical mechanics, building a working model of flour milling machinery and, using ...

Article

Hurd, Thomas Hannaford (bap. 1747, d. 1823), naval officer and hydrographer, was born in Plymouth and baptized on 30 January 1747 at the town's St Andrew's Church, the son of Edward and Jane Hurd. He joined the navy on 1 September 1768 as an able seaman in the ...

Article

Imray, James (1803–1870), hydrographer and stationer, was born on 16 May 1803 in Spitalfields, London, the third child and eldest son of the six children of James Imray (1761/2–1830), a Scottish dyer, and his wife, Elizabeth Cooper (1779/80–1842). In 1818, shortly before his fifteenth birthday, ...

Article

Jones, James Felix (1813/14–1878), officer in the Indian navy and surveyor, joined the Bombay marine on 14 June 1828 when he was fourteen years old. As midshipman and lieutenant of the East India Company's ship Palinurus, under Commander Robert Moresby, engaged in the survey of the northern part of the ...

Article

J. K. Laughton

revised by Andrew Lambert

King, Phillip Parker (1791–1856), naval officer and hydrographer, born at Government House, Norfolk Island on 13 December 1791, was the third, but only legitimate, son of Captain Philip Gidley King (1758–1808), naval officer and colonial governor. His mother was Captain King's wife, Anna Josepha, ...