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Aislabie, William (1699/1700–1781), landscape designer and landowner, was probably born at Studley Royal in the West Riding of Yorkshire, the son of John Aislabie (1670–1742), politician, and his first wife, Anne (d. 1700), daughter of Sir William Rawlinson of Hendon, Middlesex. Details of his education are unknown, beyond that he went on a grand tour in 1720. In 1721 he was returned as an MP for ...

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Arkwright, Richard (1755–1843), cotton manufacturer and landowner, was born on 19 December 1755 at Bolton, Lancashire, the only son of Sir Richard Arkwright (1732–1792), cotton manufacturer, and his wife, Patience (d. 1756), daughter of Robert Holt. In 1780 he married Mary (...

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Astor, William Waldorf, first Viscount Astor (1848–1919), property owner and newspaper proprietor, was born on 31 March 1848 in New York, the only child of John Jacob Astor (1822–1890), manager of the family estate, and his wife, Charlotte Augusta Gibbes (1825–1887). He was educated privately and at ...

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Bacon [née Cooke], Anne, Lady Bacon (c. 1528–1610), gentlewoman and scholar, was probably born at Gidea Hall, Essex. She was third of the nine children of Sir Anthony Cooke (1505/6–1576), one of the humanist educators who tutored Edward VI, and Anne (...

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Baillie, George, of Jerviswood (1664–1738), landowner and politician, born on 16 March 1664 at Jerviswood Tower, Lanarkshire, was the eldest child of Robert Baillie (d. 1684) and of his wife and cousin Rachel Johnston (d. 1697), daughter of the Presbyterian martyr Sir Archibald Johnston, ...

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Basset, Francis, Baron de Dunstanville and first Baron Basset (1757–1835), politician and landowner, was born at Walcot, Oxfordshire, on 9 August 1757, first-born of two sons and five daughters of Francis Basset (1715–1769), MP and landowner, of Tehidy, Cornwall, and his wife, Margaret...

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Beauchamp, Richard, thirteenth earl of Warwick (1382–1439), magnate, was the eldest son of Thomas Beauchamp, twelfth earl of Warwick (1337x9–1401), and of Margaret (d. 1407), daughter of William, third Lord Ferrers of Groby.

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Blount, Martha (1690–1763), Roman Catholic gentlewoman, was born on 15 June 1690 at the family estate of Mapledurham, Berkshire, the third child (but second eldest surviving) of six born to Lister Blount (1654–1710) and his wife, Martha (d. 1743), daughter of Anthony Englefield...

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Bourchier, William, third earl of Bath (1557–1623), nobleman and administrator, was the only son of John Bourchier, Lord Fitzwarren or Fitzwarine (1529–1557), and his wife, Frances (d. 1586), third daughter of Sir Thomas Kitson of Hengrave (1485–1540). He was probably born at ...

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Boyle, Richard, first earl of Cork (1566–1643), landowner and administrator, was born at Preston, near Faversham in Kent, on 13 October 1566, the second son of Roger Boyle (d. 1576), landowner, and his wife, Joan, daughter of Robert Naylor. Roger Boyle, a cadet of a ...

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Brandon, Charles, first duke of Suffolk (c. 1484–1545), magnate, courtier, and soldier, was the second but only surviving son of Sir William Brandon (d. 1485) and his wife, Elizabeth Bruyn (d. 1494) of South Ockendon. The manner of Sir William's death, killed at ...

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Brooke, George, ninth Baron Cobham (c. 1497–1558), soldier and landowner, was the eldest surviving son of Thomas Brooke, eighth Baron Cobham (d. 1529), and his first wife, Dorothy Heydon. He accompanied his father in attending Mary Tudor to her marriage with Louis XII of France...

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Bruce, Alexander, second earl of Kincardine (c. 1629–1680), landowner and politician, was the second son of Sir George Bruce (d. 1643) and his wife, Mary, daughter of Sir John Preston of Valleyfield. In 1645 Bruce matriculated at St Leonard's College, St Andrews...

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Bryene [Brian, Bryan; née Bures], Alice (c. 1360–1435), landowner, was probably born at Acton, near Sudbury, Suffolk, the only child of Sir Robert Bures (d. 1361) and his wife, Joan, née Sutton. Her great-grandfather Sir Robert Bures (d. 1331) was a member of ...

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Burghersh, Bartholomew, the elder, second Lord Burghersh (d. 1355), magnate and administrator, was a younger son of Robert Burghersh (d. 1306), constable of Dover Castle and warden of the Cinque Ports, and Maud, sister of Bartholomew Badlesmere. Burghersh (after Burwash, Sussex) inherited the modest family estates in ...

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Burke [de Burgh], Ulick, marquess of Clanricarde (1604–1658), landowner and politician, was the only son of Richard de Burgh, fourth earl of Clanricarde (1572–1635), and his wife, Frances (d. 1632), daughter and heir of Sir Francis Walsingham and widow of Sir Philip Sidney...

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Byrd, William (1674–1744), landowner and diarist, was born on 28 March 1674 near the fall line of the James River, Virginia, the first of five children of William Byrd (1652–1704), colonial officer and planter, and Mary Horsmanden Filmer (1650–1699), a well-connected widow and daughter of ...

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Calthorpe family (per. 1717–1910), landowners, politicians, and Birmingham benefactors, sustained for almost exactly 200 years a significant territorial link with the city, in ways, and to an extent, that have not been true of any other local dynasty in modern times, and those links continued throughout the twentieth century....

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Campbell, Archibald, seventh earl of Argyll (1575/6–1638), magnate and politician, was the elder surviving son of Colin Campbell, sixth earl of Argyll (c. 1542–1584), and his second wife, Lady Annas or Agnes Keith (c. 1540–1588), eldest daughter of William Keith, fourth Earl Marischal...

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Campbell, John [called Iain Glas], first earl of Breadalbane and Holland (1634–1717), magnate and politician, was born on 29 May 1634 at Stronmillochan, Glenorchy, Argyll, the eldest son of Sir John Campbell of Glenorchy, fourth baronet (d. 1686), and his first wife, ...