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W. H. Fremantle

revised by Roger T. Stearn

Alford, Henry (1810–1871), dean of Canterbury and biblical scholar, was born at 25 Alfred Place, Bedford Square, London, on 10 October 1810, the son of the Revd Henry Alford (1782–1852), an evangelical and the son and grandson of evangelical clergy, and his first wife, ...

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Barclay, William (1907–1978), New Testament scholar, writer, and broadcaster, was born on 5 December 1907 in Wick, Caithness, the only child of William Dugald Barclay (1864–1936), a bank manager and lay evangelist, and his wife, Barbara Linton McLeish (1867–1932). In 1912 the family left for the industrial south-west when ...

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Bennett, William Henry (1855–1920), Congregational minister and biblical scholar, was born on 22 May 1855 at 1 Conduit Street, Paddington, London, the son of William Emmanuel Bennett, draper, and his wife, Emily Brice. He was educated at the City of London School under ...

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Black, Matthew (1908–1994), biblical scholar, was born in Kilmarnock on 3 September 1908, the son of James Black (1888–1960), engineer's patternmaker, and his wife, Helen, née Currie (1889–1985), hosiery worker. He was educated at Kilmarnock Academy and Glasgow University, graduating with first-class honours in classics in 1930 and second-class honours in philosophy in 1931. He studied for the ministry, and took his BD in 1934 with distinction in ...

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Caird, George Bradford (1917–1984), biblical scholar, was born in Springfield, Wandsworth, on 19 July 1917, the youngest of three children and only son of George Caird, an engineer who was from Dundee but was then in London because of war work, and his wife, ...

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Cook, Frederick Charles (1804–1889), clergyman and biblical scholar, was born on 1 December 1804 at Millbrook, near Southampton, Hampshire, the son of William Cook. He was admitted as a sizar at St John's College, Cambridge, on 8 July 1824, and as a foundress scholar on 8 November 1825. In 1828 he took a first-class award in the classical tripos, and he graduated BA in 1831 and MA in 1844. He also studied under ...

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Cruden, Alexander (1699–1770), biblical scholar and eccentric, was born in Aberdeen on 31 May 1699, the second of eleven children of William Cruden (d. 1739), a prominent merchant and bailie in the city, and his wife, Isabel Pyper (d. 1740). He was educated in ...

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Falconer, Sir Robert Alexander (1867–1943), university principal and biblical scholar in Canada, was born on 10 February 1867 at the manse, Zion Church, Charlottetown, Prince Edward Island, Canada, the eldest of the three children (Robert, James, and Jean) of the Revd Alexander Falconer (1838–1911)...

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Farrer, Austin Marsden (1904–1968), philosopher, theologian, and biblical scholar, was born at 28 Kemplay Road, Hampstead, London, on 1 October 1904, the son of the Revd Augustine John Daniel Farrer, a Baptist minister, and his wife, Evangeline Archer. From St Paul's School, London...

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Geddes, Alexander (1737–1802), Roman Catholic priest and biblical scholar, was born on 4 September 1737 in the parish of Rathven, Aberdeenshire, the son of Alexander Geddes and Janet Mitchel, small tenant farmers at Arradowl, Rathven, on the borders of the Gordon estates. Perhaps unusually for a Roman Catholic home in ...

Article

W. A. Greenhill

revised by H. C. G. Matthew

Girdlestone, Charles (1797–1881), biblical scholar, the second son of Samuel Rainbow Girdlestone (1766–1836), a chancery barrister, and his wife, Caroline Roberts Powell, was born in London in March 1797. His younger brother was Edward Girdlestone, canon of Bristol. He was educated at Tonbridge School...

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Hort, Fenton John Anthony (1828–1892), biblical scholar and theologian, was born on 23 April 1828 in Dublin, the eldest of the five children of Fenton Hort (1795–1873), a member of an Irish aristocratic protestant family, and Anne Collett (1802–1866), the daughter of a ...

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Kennicott, Benjamin (1718–1783), biblical scholar, was born at Totnes, Devon, on 4 April 1718 and baptized there on 20 April, the son of Benjamin Kennicott (bap. 1688, d. 1770), barber and parish clerk of Totnes, and his wife, Elizabeth Sage (d...

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Kenyon, Sir Frederic George (1863–1952), Greek and biblical scholar and museum director, was born on 15 January 1863, the seventh son and the eleventh of the fifteen children (eleven boys, four girls) of John Robert Kenyon (1807–1880) of Pradoe, Shropshire, grandson of the ...

Article

Henry Paton

revised by N. R. Needham

Lawson, George (1749–1820), biblical scholar, was born at Boghouse Farm in the parish of West Linton, Peeblesshire, on 13 March 1749. He was the second son of Charles Lawson and his wife, Margaret Noble. His father was a carpenter as well as a farmer, and was able to provide a good education for ...

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Lightfoot, John (1602–1675), Hebraist and biblical scholar, was born at home on 29 March 1602 in Stoke-on-Trent, the second son of Thomas Lightfoot (1577?–1658), vicar of Uttoxeter, Staffordshire, for thirty-six years, and Elizabeth Bagnall (1566?–1637). Both his parents had been born near by—his father at ...

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Lightfoot, Joseph Barber (1828–1889), biblical scholar and bishop of Durham, was born at 84 Duke Street, Liverpool, on 13 April 1828. His father, John Jackson Lightfoot (d. 1843), an accountant, was a member of a Yorkshire family. His mother was Ann Matilda...

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Lowth, Robert (1710–1787), biblical critic and bishop of London, was born in his father's house in the cathedral close at Winchester on 27 November 1710. He was the second son of William Lowth (1661–1732), prebendary of Winchester, and his wife, Margaret (fl...

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Marsh, Herbert (1757–1839), bishop of Peterborough and biblical critic, was born at Faversham, Kent, on 10 December 1757 and baptized there on 3 January 1758, the eldest son of Richard Marsh (1727–1778), vicar of Faversham and a minor canon of Canterbury, and his wife, ...

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Moffatt, James (1870–1944), biblical scholar, was born at Glasgow on 4 July 1870, the eldest son of George Moffatt, chartered accountant, and his wife, Isabella Simpson, daughter of Robert Starret Morton, general merchant, of Edinburgh. He was educated at Glasgow Academy and Glasgow University...