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Andrews, Charles Freer (1871–1940), author and campaigner for Indian independence, was born at Newcastle upon Tyne on 12 February 1871, the second son of John Edwin Andrews, minister in the Catholic Apostolic (or Irvingite) church, and his second wife, Mary Charlotte Cartwright (1840–1914)...

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Archer, William (1856–1924), theatre critic and journalist, was born at 6 North Methven Street, Perth, Scotland, on 23 September 1856, the eldest son of the nine children of Thomas Archer (1823–1905) of Glasgow and his wife, Grace Lindsay Morison (1832–1911), the daughter of ...

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Barker, Joseph (1806–1875), Methodist minister and politico-religious controversialist, was born on 11 May 1806 at Bramley, near Leeds. His ancestors, originally of Keighley, had been settled in this area for several generations as farmers and manufacturers. The identity of his parents has not been discovered, though it is known that his father was employed in woollen manufacture and served for some time in the militia, and that ...

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A. B. Pite

revised by Ian Dungavell

Belcher, John (1841–1913), architect, was born on 10 July 1841 at 3 Montague Terrace, Trinity Square, London, the eldest of the ten children of John Belcher (1816/17–1890), architect, and his first wife, Anne Woollett, a descendant of Philip Woollett, father of the engraver ...

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Bird, Sir Vere Cornwall (1909–1999), prime minister of Antigua and Barbuda, was born in St John's, Antigua, probably on 9 December 1909, the son of Theophilus Bird and Amanda Edgehill. He grew up in Garling slum, a swampy area of lower St John's...

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Booth, Catherine Bramwell- (1883–1987), Salvation Army officer, was born on 20 July 1883 at Hadley Wood, Middlesex, the eldest in the family of two sons and five daughters of (William) Bramwell Booth (1856–1929), Salvation Army general, and his wife, Florence Eleanor Booth, née...

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Booth [née Mumford], Catherine (1829–1890), evangelist and writer, was born on 17 January 1829 at Ashbourne, Derbyshire, the fourth of five children. Only she and her younger brother, John, survived. Her father, John Mumford (1804–1879), was a coach builder and wheelwright, and for some years a Wesleyan Methodist lay preacher. Her mother, ...

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Booth, Evangeline Cory (1865–1950), world leader of the Salvation Army, was born at 1 Cambridge Lodge Villas, Hackney, London, on Christmas day (25 December) 1865, the seventh of eight children of William Booth (1829–1912) and his wife, Catherine Mumford (1829–1890) [see Booth, Catherine...

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Booth, William (1829–1912), founder of the Salvation Army, was born at Sneinton, a suburb of Nottingham, on 10 April 1829, one of five children of Samuel Booth (1775–1842), a speculative builder, and his second wife, Mary Moss (b. 1791). He was sent to ...

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Brothers, Richard (1757–1824), self-styled prophet, was born on 25 December 1757 at Placentia, Newfoundland. His father was a gunner, and his family continued to live at Placentia long after Richard was sent as a boy to Woolwich, where he went to school, and from where in 1772 he entered the ...

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Brotherton, Joseph (1783–1857), Cowherdite Bible Christian minister and politician, was born on 22 May 1783 at Whittington, near Chesterfield, Derbyshire, the son of John Brotherton (d. 1809), and his wife, Mary. John Brotherton, a one-time schoolmaster and exciseman, moved his family to ...

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Bruce, William Speirs (1867–1921), polar scientist and explorer, was born at 43 Kensington Gardens Square, Paddington, London, on 1 August 1867. He was the fourth child of a family of eight children and had one younger brother and six sisters. His father, Samuel Noble Bruce MRCS...

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Burges, William (1827–1881), architect and designer, was born on 2 December 1827, the eldest son of Elizabeth Green (d. 1855) and Alfred Burges (d. 1886), marine engineer. He was educated at King's College School, London, from 1839; there his near contemporaries included ...

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Calvert, Charles Alexander (1828–1879), actor and theatre manager, was born in London on 28 February 1828, the son of William Henry Calvert (d. 1857), a silk merchant, who claimed descent from George Calvert, the first Lord Baltimore. A. W. Ward's assertion (...

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Campbell, Alexander (1788–1866), a founder of the Disciples of Christ or Churches of Christ, was born on 12 September 1788 near Ballymena, co. Antrim, the eldest of the ten children of Thomas Campbell (1763–1854), an Anti-Burgher Seceder Presbyterian minister, and his wife, Jane Corneigle...

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Cennick, John (1718–1755), lay preacher and Moravian minister, was born in Reading on 12 December 1718, the son of a clothier who was of Quaker descent. Brought up in the established church, he experienced an evangelical conversion on 6 September 1737 in his parish church in ...

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Coburn, Alvin Langdon (1882–1966), photographer and mystic, was born on 11 June 1882 at 134 East Springfield Street, Boston, Massachusetts, the only child of James Alvin Coburn (1849–1891), manufacturer of Coburn and Whitman shirts, and his wife, Fannie E. Howe (d. 1928)...

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Comenius, Johannes Amos [Jan Amos Komenský] (1592–1670), theologian and educationist, was born on 28 March 1592, the only son of Martin Segeš Komenský (d. 1602), a burgher in Uherský Brod, and his wife, Anna (d. 1603). Comenius was born in Moravia...

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Cooper, Sir Frank (1922–2002), civil servant, was born on 2 December 1922 at 44 Fairfield Square, Droylsden, Manchester, the only son and younger child of Valentine Holland Cooper (1885–1942), commercial traveller, and later an area manager for Joseph Terry & Sons Ltd, the chocolate making firm, and his wife, ...

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Cosway, Richard (bap. 1742, d. 1821), artist and collector, was baptized in the parish church of Oakford, near Tiverton, Devon, on 5 November 1742, shortly after his birth, the exact date of which is not known. His parents were named as Richard and ...