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Andrewes, Sir Thomas (d. 1659), financier and regicide, was the son of Robert Andrewes of Feltham, Middlesex, a Plymouth adventurer and subscriber to the Massachusetts Bay Company, and his wife, Margaret. He was a member of the Leathersellers' Company (and its master in 1638–9), and from 1631 ran a wholesale linen drapery business at the ...

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Bagehot, Walter (1826–1877), political commentator, economist, and journalist, was born on 3 February 1826 at Langport, Somerset, the second son of Thomas Watson Bagehot (1795–1881), banker, and Edith Stuckey (1786–1870), a niece of Samuel Stuckey, founder in 1772 of Stuckey's Bank, which issued its own banknotes and enjoyed considerable prominence and respect in the west country. The first born, ...

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Baring, Thomas (1799–1873), banker and politician, was born on 7 September 1799 at Lee, near Lewisham, Kent, the second of the four sons and five daughters of Sir Thomas Baring (1772–1848), landowner, and his wife, Mary Ursula Sealy, daughter of Charles Sealy, a barrister at ...

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Bethel, Slingsby (bap. 1617, d. 1697), merchant and political economist, was baptized in Alne, in the North Riding of Yorkshire, on 27 February 1617, a younger son of Sir Walter Bethel (d. 1622), gentleman, and Mary Slingsby (1582–1662), daughter of Sir Henry Slingsby...

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Brand, Robert Henry, Baron Brand (1878–1963), merchant banker and public servant, was born on 30 October 1878 in Kensington, London, the seventh child and fourth son of Henry Robert Brand, second Viscount Hampden of Glynde (1841–1906), soldier, Liberal MP, and colonial governor, and his second wife, ...

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Cartwright, Sir Richard (1835–1912), businessman and politician in Canada, born in Kingston, Upper Canada, on 4 December 1835, was the son of the Revd Robert David Cartwright (d. 1843) and his wife, Harriet Dobbs (1808–1887). His paternal grandfather, Richard Cartwright (1759–1815), the founder of the Canadian family, was a very wealthy man and one of the Conservative leaders of early ...

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Denton [née Moss], Jean, Baroness Denton of Wakefield (1935–2001), rally driver, businesswoman, and politician, was born on 29 December 1935 at 103 Broadway, Wakefield, Yorkshire, the elder of two daughters of Charles Josiah Moss, stationery store keeper, later hospital supplies clerk, and his wife, ...

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Fowler, Sir Robert Nicholas, first baronet (1828–1891), banker and politician, was born at Bruce Grove, Tottenham, Middlesex, on 12 September 1828, the only child of Thomas Fowler (d. 1851) and his wife, Lucy Waterhouse. His father, a well-connected member of the Society of Friends...

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Glyn, George Grenfell, second Baron Wolverton (1824–1887), politician and banker, was born in London on 10 February 1824, the eldest son of George Carr Glyn. He was educated at Rugby and University College, Oxford, where he matriculated on 26 May 1842. On coming of age he became a partner in the metropolitan banking firm of ...

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Goschen, George Joachim, first Viscount Goschen (1831–1907), politician and financier, was born on 10 August 1831 at his father's house in the parish of Stoke Newington, near London, the eldest son and second child in the family of five sons and five daughters of ...

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Hewins, William Albert Samuel (1865–1931), economist and politician, was born on 11 May 1865 near Wolverhampton, the second son and fourth of the ten children of Samuel Hewins (1833–1899), iron merchant, and his wife, Caroline (d. 1901), daughter of John Green of ...

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Lubbock, John, first Baron Avebury (1834–1913), banker, politician, and scientific writer, was born on 30 April 1834 at 29 Eaton Place, London, the eldest of eleven children of Sir John William Lubbock, third baronet (1803–1865), and his wife, Harriet Hotham (d. 1873)...

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Malcolm, Sir Dougal Orme (1877–1955), colonial administrator and company director, was born on 6 August 1877 at Walton Manor in Epsom, Surrey, the younger son of William Rolle Malcolm (b. 1840), senior partner of Coutts's Bank, and his first wife, Georgina Wellesley (...

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Malthus, (Thomas) Robert (1766–1834), political economist, was born on 13 February 1766 and baptized on 14 February at his parents' home, The Rookery, near Wotton, Surrey. In formal situations he used his full name, but in less formal correspondence referred to himself as ...

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Leslie Stephen

revised by Donovan Williams

Merivale, Herman (1806–1874), civil servant and economist, was born on 8 November 1806 at Cockwood House, Dawlish, Devon, the eldest of twelve children of John Herman Merivale (1779–1844), commissioner in bankruptcy, and his wife, Louisa Heath (1787–1873), daughter of the Revd Dr Joseph Drury...

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Morris, Robert (1735–1806), financier and revolutionary politician in America, was born on 20 January 1735 in Liverpool to Robert Morris (1711–1750) and Elizabeth Murphet. Nothing further is known of his mother, and Morris was probably raised by his grandmother. Before 1740 his father left nail-making in ...

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Neale, Thomas (1641–1699), projector and politician, was the only son of Thomas Neale of Warnford, Hampshire, and Lucy Uvedale. The senior Thomas Neale (d. in or before 1643) was in turn the eldest son of Sir Thomas Neale (d. 1621)...

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Pitt, Joseph (1759–1842), property developer and politician, was born in 1759 at Little Witcombe, a hamlet in Badgeworth, Gloucestershire, where he was baptized at the parish church on 24 June, the youngest of five sons of Joseph Pitt, a yeoman farmer, and his wife, ...

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Sadler, Michael Thomas (1780–1835), social reformer and political economist, was born on 3 January 1780 at the Old Hall, Doveridge, Snelston, Derbyshire. He was the youngest of the six children of James Sadler (d. 1800?), a gentleman farmer at Doveridge who claimed descent from ...

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Scawen, Sir William (1646/7–1722), merchant and politician, was born in St Germans, Cornwall, the fifth son of Robert Scawen (1602–1670) of Horton, Buckinghamshire, and his wife, Catherine, daughter of Cavendish Alsop, a London merchant. His younger brother Thomas 1654–1730 [see below]...