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Allen, (Reginald) Clifford, Baron Allen of Hurtwood (1889–1939), politician and peace campaigner, was born at St Olave's, Slow Park, Newport, Monmouthshire, on 9 May 1889. As an adult he was always known as Clifford Allen, or by close friends as CA. He had a brother, ...

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Attlee, Clement Richard, first Earl Attlee (1883–1967), prime minister, was born on 3 January 1883 at Westcott, 18 Portinscale Road, Putney, London, the seventh of the eight children of Henry Attlee (1841–1908), solicitor, and his wife, Ellen (1847–1920), daughter of Thomas Watson of ...

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Banks, Anthony Louis [Tony], Baron Stratford (1942–2006), politician, was born on 8 April 1942 at Jubilee Maternity Hospital, Belfast, the only son and elder child of Albert Herbert Banks, a sergeant in the Royal Army Service Corps, who before the Second World War had been a toolmaker, and his wife, ...

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Bhownaggree, Sir Mancherjee Merwanjee (1851–1933), lawyer and politician, was born at Bombay on 15 August 1851, the son of Merwanjee N. Bhownaggree (d. c.1872), a Parsi merchant in Bombay of Persian origin, and his wife Cooverbai (d. 1896). Bhownaggree's father had risen from obscurity as a small-town postmaster to become head of the ...

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Birrell, Augustine (1850–1933), politician and author, was born at Wavertree, near Liverpool, on 19 January 1850, the younger son of Charles Morton Birrell, a Baptist minister, and Harriet Jane Grey, daughter of Henry Grey, Free Church of Scotland minister. Though he later became an agnostic, he always retained a deep respect for the Liberal nonconformist tradition of his ...

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Boyle, Edward Charles Gurney, Baron Boyle of Handsworth (1923–1981), politician, was born at 63 Queen's Gate, Kensington, London, on 31 August 1923, elder son in the family of two sons and one daughter of Sir Edward Boyle (1878–1945), second baronet, barrister, writer, and company director, and his wife, ...

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Bracken, Brendan Rendall, Viscount Bracken (1901–1958), politician and publisher, was born on 15 February 1901 at Church Street, Templemore, co. Tipperary, the second son and third of the four children of Joseph Kevin Bracken (1852–1904), builder and monumental mason, and his second wife, ...

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Braddock [née Bamber], Elizabeth Margaret [Bessie] (1899–1970), trade union activist and politician, was born at Zante Street, Liverpool, on 24 September 1899, the elder daughter of Hugh Bamber, bookbinder, and his wife, Mary, daughter of Andrew Little, an Edinburgh lawyer. Mary Bamber...

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Bradlaugh, Charles (1833–1891), politician and freethinker, was born on 26 September 1833 at home at 31 Bacchus Walk, Hoxton, London, the eldest of seven children born to Charles Bradlaugh, a solicitor's clerk, and his wife, Elizabeth Trimby, a former nursemaid. He was baptized at ...

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Buchanan, George (1890–1955), politician, was born in Glasgow on 30 November 1890 in Naburn Street, Gorbals, the constituency he would later represent as MP. His father, George Buchanan, a joiner, came from Kilberry in Argyll and his mother, Ann Mackay, was born in ...

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Burns, John Elliott (1858–1943), labour leader and politician, was born in South Lambeth, London, on 20 October 1858, the sixteenth child of Alexander Burns, a Scottish fitter, and Barbara Smith. He left St Mary's national school when he was about ten and after a series of short-term jobs was apprenticed as an engineer....

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Cook, Robert Finlayson [Robin] (1946–2005), politician, was born in the County Hospital, Bellshill, Lanarkshire, on 28 February 1946, the only child of Peter Cook (d. 1994), schoolteacher, and his wife, Christina, née Lynch (d. 2003). His paternal grandfather was a collier, blacklisted after the 1926 general strike. ...

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Cox [née Leadbeater], Helen Joanne (Jo) (1974–2016), politician, was born on 22 June 1974 at Staincliffe General Hospital, Dewsbury, West Yorkshire, the daughter of Gordon Leadbeater, industrial chemist and cosmetics production manager, and his wife, Jean, née Smith, a school secretary. Both parents were born in ...

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Crossman, Richard Howard Stafford (1907–1974), politician and diarist, was born on 15 December 1907 in Porchester Terrace, Bayswater, London, the third of six children (three boys and three girls) of Sir (Charles) Stafford Crossman (1870–1941) of Buckhurst Hill House, Essex, and his wife, ...

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Fisher, Herbert Albert Laurens (1865–1940), historian and politician, was born at 3 Onslow Square, London, on 21 March 1865.

In his posthumously published Unfinished Autobiography Fisher...

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Foster, Sir Michael (1836–1907), physiologist and politician, was born in Huntingdon on 8 March 1836, the eldest child of the three sons and seven daughters of Michael Foster (1810–1880) and his wife, Mercy Cooper. Foster was the descendant of a line of nonconformist farmers in ...

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Fox, Henry, first Baron Holland of Foxley (1705–1774), politician, was born on 28 September 1705 at Chiswick, the second son of Sir Stephen Fox (1627–1716), financier, and Christian (1679–1719), daughter of the Revd Francis Hope, rector of Haceby, and afterwards of Aswarby, Lincolnshire...

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Graham, Robert Bontine Cunninghame (1852–1936), traveller, author, and politician, was born at 5 Cadogan Place, London, on 24 May 1852, the eldest of the three sons of William Cunninghame Bontine (1825–1883), of Gartmore, Perthshire, and Ardoch, Dunbartonshire, a major in the Scots Greys...

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Grote, George (1794–1871), historian and politician, was born on 17 November 1794 at Clay Hill, near Beckenham, Kent, the eldest of the eleven children of George Grote (1762–1830), banker, and Selina Mary Peckwell (1775–1845), daughter of the Revd Henry Peckwell and his wife, ...

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Haldane, Richard Burdon, Viscount Haldane (1856–1928), politician, educationist, and lord chancellor, was born at 17 Charlotte Square, Edinburgh, on 30 July 1856. He was the second son (but first surviving infancy) of Robert Haldane (1805–1877), writer to the signet and a Baptist, and his second wife, ...