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Aird, Sir John, first baronet (1833–1911), civil engineering contractor, was born on 3 December 1833 in Greenwich, the second son of eight children of John Aird (1800–1876), contractor, and Agnes (d. 1869), daughter of Charles Bennett of Lambeth. His grandfather Robert Aird...

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Brassey, Thomas (1805–1870), civil engineering contractor, was born on 7 November 1805 at Buerton, near Audlem, Cheshire, the son of John Brassey, landowner, and his wife, Elizabeth. He had two brothers and one sister. Brassey attended Mr Harting's school in Chester and then, at the age of sixteen, was apprenticed to a land surveyor and agent named ...

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Cadman, John, first Baron Cadman (1877–1941), mining engineer and industrialist, was born on 7 September 1877 at The Villas, in the north Staffordshire mining village of Silverdale, the eldest son of James Cope Cadman (1851–1914) and his wife, Betty, née Keeling (d...

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Callard, Sir (Eric) John [Jack] (1913–1998), engineer and industrialist, was born on 15 March 1913 at 162 Union Street, Torquay, Devon, the son of Frank Callard, master baker and confectioner, and his wife, Ada Mary, née Fawkes. He had a brother and a sister, and the family lived over their father's shop. ...

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Cubitt, Sir William (1785–1861), civil engineer and millwright, was born at Dilham, Norfolk, the son of Joseph Cubitt, miller, and his wife, Hannah, née Lubbock. He was educated at Dilham village school, and also had access to the libraries of two local clergymen, ...

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Dowty, Sir George Herbert (1901–1975), aeronautical engineer and industrialist, was born on 27 April 1901 at Pershore, Worcestershire, the son of William Dowty, a druggist and chemist in Pershore, and his wife, Laura Masters. He was the elder of twin boys by half an hour and the seventh son in the family. The twins were educated in a small private school in ...

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Ellis, Sir William Henry (1860–1945), civil engineer and iron and steel manufacturer, was born at Thurnscoe Hall, near Rotherham, Yorkshire, on 20 August 1860. He was fourth of five sons and one daughter of John Devonshire Ellis (1824–1906), a founding partner of John Brown & Co....

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Finlayson, James (1772?–1852?), engineer and cotton manufacturer, was probably born on 29 August 1772 in the parish of Penicuik, near Edinburgh. Of his early life in Scotland nothing is known, and it is in St Petersburg in Russia at the end of the eighteenth century that he first makes his appearance, as a master machinist at the ...

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Haslett, Dame Caroline Harriet (1895–1957), electrical engineer and electricity industry administrator, was born at Worth, Sussex, on 17 August 1895, the second of the five children of Robert Haslett (b. c.1864, d. after 1957), a railway signal fitter and a pioneer of the co-operative movement, and his wife, ...

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Heathcoat, John (1783–1861), inventor of the bobbin net machine and lace manufacturer, was born at Duffield, near Derby, on 7 August 1783, the son of Francis Heathcote (or Heathcoat), a farmer and grazier, and his wife Elizabeth née Burton. The family moved to ...

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Henley, William Thomas (1813?–1882), electrical engineer and manufacturer, was born at Midhurst, Sussex, and from the age of four was brought up by his grandparents. From the ages of six to eleven he received elementary education in Midhurst. Aged sixteen, he moved to ...

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Hughes, John (c. 1816–1889), ironmaster and engineer, was born at Merthyr Tudful, Glamorgan, the son of John Hughes, engineer. Although his family origins are obscure, his father was employed at the Cyfarthfa ironworks in Merthyr Tudful and, later, at the Victoria works in ...

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MacGregor, Sir Ian Kinloch (1912–1998), metallurgical engineer and industrialist, was born on 21 September 1912 at The Bungalow, Kinlochleven, Argyll, the third son of Daniel MacGregor, a works accountant, and his wife, Grace Alexanderina, née Fraser Maclean, a schoolteacher. His parents were leading lights in the ...

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McAdam, John Loudon (1756–1836), builder and administrator of roads, was born in the west-coast town of Ayr, at 22 Sandgate, on 21 September 1756, the youngest child and second son of James McAdam of Waterhead (c.1718–1770), and his wife, Susannah Cochrane (...

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McAlpine family (per. c. 1870–1967), civil engineering contractors, came to prominence with Sir Robert McAlpine first baronet (1847–1934). He was born on 13 February 1847 in Newarthill, Lanarkshire, the second of four children and elder son of Robert McAlpine (1816–1853), a colliery manager, and ...

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Meikle, Andrew (1719–1811), millwright and inventor of the threshing machine, was born on 5 May 1719, probably at Saltoun, Haddingtonshire. He was one of at least two brothers. His father, James Meikle, wright in Nether Keith, Haddingtonshire, working on behalf of Henry Fletcher...

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Mott, Sir Basil, first baronet (1859–1938), civil and mining engineer, was born at Leicester on 16 September 1859, the youngest son of Frederick Thompson Mott, wine merchant, of Birstall Hill near Leicester and his first wife, Elizabeth Ann (daughter of Isaac Dobell), who died in 1861. The ...

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Redmayne, Sir Richard Augustine Studdert (1865–1955), mining engineer, was born at South Dene, Low Fell, co. Durham, on 22 July 1865, the fourth son of John Marriner Redmayne, alkali manufacturer, and his wife, Jane Anna Fitzgerald Studdert. Educated privately and at the Durham College of Science, Newcastle upon Tyne...

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Smyth [formerly Smith], Robert Brough (1830–1889), civil servant and mining engineer, was born on 18 February 1830 at Carville, near Wallsend, Northumberland, the son of Edward Smith, coal viewer (or mining engineer), and his wife, Elizabeth, née Brough. He was baptized at ...

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Swinburne, Sir James, ninth baronet (1858–1958), industrial chemist and electrical engineer, was born in Inverness on 28 February 1858, the third of the six sons of Lieutenant Thomas Anthony Swinburne RN and his wife, Mary Anne, daughter of Captain Edward Fraser of Gortuleg...