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Barnes, William (1801–1886), poet and philologist, was born on 22 February 1801, in a cob and thatch cottage, Rushay Farm, on Bagber Common, near Sturminster Newton, Dorset, the sixth of seven children of John Barnes (bap. 1762, d. 1846), and his wife, ...

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Bentley, Richard (1662–1742), philologist and classical scholar, was born on 27 January 1662 at his maternal grandparents' house at Oulton, Yorkshire, the second child of Thomas Bentley (bap. 1637, d. 1675), a yeoman farmer, and his wife, Sarah (bap. 1642, d...

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Boyer, Abel (1667?–1729), lexicographer and journalist, was most probably born on 24 June 1667, at Castres in the upper Languedoc, the son of Pierre Boyer, one of the two chief magistrates or consuls of Castres, and Catherine Campdomerc (b. 1651), the eighth child of the marriage of ...

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Brewer, Ebenezer Cobham (1810–1897), educationist and lexicographer, was born in Russell Square, Bloomsbury, London, on 2 May 1810, the third of the eleven surviving children of John Sherren Brewer (1775/6–1848), a Norwich schoolmaster, and his second wife, Elizabeth, daughter of Robert Kitton of ...

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Castell, Edmund (bap. 1606, d. 1686), orientalist and lexicographer, was baptized on 4 January 1606 at East Hatley, Cambridgeshire, the second son of Robert Castell, a man of property and education, and his wife, Elizabeth, daughter of Edmund Alleyn of Hatfield Peverel, Essex...

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Crowther, Samuel Ajayi (c. 1807–1891), bishop of western Africa and linguistic scholar, was born of Yoruba parents at Oshogun, in the south-west of Nigeria. Captured in war in 1821 he was sold on 7 April 1822 to a Portuguese slave ship in Lagos...

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Ellis [formerly Sharpe], Alexander John (1814–1890), phonetician and mathematician, was born Alexander John Sharpe in Hoxton, London, on 14 June 1814, the elder of the two sons of James Birch Sharpe (bap. 1789) and his wife, Ann Ellis. They first sent him to a private boarding-school at ...

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Fowler, Henry Watson (1858–1933), lexicographer and grammarian, was born on 10 March 1858 at Tonbridge, Kent, the eldest child of the seven sons and one daughter of the Revd Robert Fowler (1820–1879) and his wife, Caroline, née Watson. Robert Fowler (the son of a master carpenter at ...

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Furnivall, Frederick James (1825–1910), textual scholar and editor, was born on 4 February 1825 in Egham, Surrey, the eldest of the nine children of George Frederick Furnivall (1781–1865) and Sophia Hughes Barwell (1794–1879). Furnivall's father, descended from a family of Cheshire yeoman farmers, was trained at ...

Article

R. M. Dawkins

revised by John D. Pickles

Giles, Peter (1860–1935), philologist and college head, was born at Strichen in the district of Buchan, Aberdeenshire, on 20 October 1860, the eldest son of Peter Giles (d. c.1865), a factor, and his wife, Margaret Eddie Brown (d. 1905), who on her mother's side was of highland descent from ...

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Grove, Sir George (1820–1900), writer on music and lexicographer, was born on 13 August 1820 at Thurlow Lodge, 74 Thurlow Terrace, Clapham, Surrey, the eighth of the eleven children of Thomas Grove (1774–1852), fishmonger and venison dealer, and his wife, Mary (1784–1856), née...

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Guest, Edwin (1800–1880), historian and philologist, descended from a family settled at King's Norton, Worcestershire, was born on 10 September 1800, the only surviving son of Benjamin Guest (d. 1843), a prosperous merchant in Birmingham, and his wife, Sarah (d. 1807)...

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Johnson, Samuel (1709–1784), author and lexicographer, was born in Breadmarket Street, Lichfield, on 7 September 1709 (after the change of calendar in 1752 he celebrated his birthday on 18 September), the first child of Michael Johnson (1657–1731) and his wife, Sarah Ford (1669–1759)...

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Liddell, Henry George (1811–1898), lexicographer and dean of Christ Church, Oxford, was born at Binchester, co. Durham, on 6 February 1811, the eldest son of the Revd Henry George Liddell (1787–1872), and his wife (and first cousin), Charlotte Lyon (d. 1871), niece of the ...

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Mores, Edward Rowe (1730–1778), antiquary and historian of printing, was born on 13 January 1730 in Tunstall, Kent, the son of the Revd Edward Mores (d. 1740), rector of Tunstall, and Sarah Windsor, of London. He was a descendant of two lord mayors of ...

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Scott, Robert (1811–1887), lexicographer and dean of Rochester, was born on 26 January 1811 at Bondleigh, Devon, the son of Alexander Scott (1781–1847), then rector there, and his wife, Agnes. His father moved to Egremont rectory, Cumberland, and Robert attended St Bees, and afterwards ...

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Selden, John (1584–1654), lawyer and historical and linguistic scholar, was born on 16 December 1584 and baptized on 20 December at West Tarring, Sussex, the eldest son of John Selden of Salvington in the same county, musician and yeoman, and of Margaret, only daughter and heir of ...

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Sharpe, Daniel (1806–1856), geologist and philologist, was born on 6 April 1806 at Nottingham Place, Marylebone, Middlesex, the youngest son of Sutton Sharpe (1756–1806), brewer, and his second wife, Maria (d. 1806), sister of the poet Samuel Rogers (1783–1855). Orphaned before his first birthday (his mother died on 22 April 1806, his father on 26 September), he was looked after in ...

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Kenneth Sisam

revised by Charlotte Brewer

Skeat, Walter William (1835–1912), philologist, was born at Mount Street, Park Lane, London, on 21 November 1835, the second son of William Skeat and his wife, Sarah Bluck. He attended King's College School, Strand, where Thomas Oswald Cockayne, one of the best Anglo-Saxon scholars of the time, was his form-master. From there he went to ...

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Tooke, John Horne [formerly John Horne] (1736–1812), radical and philologist, was born on 25 June 1736 in Newport Street, Westminster, the third of the seven children and the youngest son of John Horne, a prosperous poulterer, and Elizabeth, née Horne. He was baptized ...