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Alison, Sir Archibald, first baronet (1792–1867), historian and lawyer, was born on 29 December 1792 at Kenley, Shropshire, in the parsonage of his father, Archibald Alison (1757–1839), son of Patrick Alison, lord provost of Edinburgh. The elder Archibald married in 1784 Dorothea (...

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Allen, Sir Carleton Kemp (1887–1966), jurist and warden of Rhodes House, was born on 7 September 1887 in Carlton, Melbourne, the youngest of the three sons of the Revd William Allen, nonconformist minister, whose own father, a civil engineer, had emigrated from England...

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Barrington, Daines (1727/8–1800), judge, antiquary, and naturalist, was born at Becket in the parish of Shrivenham in Berkshire, the fourth son and fourth of nine children of John Shute Barrington, first Viscount Barrington (1678–1734), barrister and politician, and his wife, Anne (d...

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Bentham, Jeremy (1748–1832), philosopher, jurist, and reformer, was born on 4 February 1748 in Church Lane, Houndsditch, London, the eldest of the seven children of Jeremiah Bentham (1712–1792), attorney, and Alicia Woodward Whitehorne (d. 1759), the eldest daughter of Thomas Grove, a mercer of ...

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Bryce, James, Viscount Bryce (1838–1922), jurist, historian, and politician, was born in Arthur Street, Belfast, on 10 May 1838, the eldest son of James Bryce (1806–1877), schoolteacher and geologist.

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Burnett, James, Lord Monboddo (bap. 1714, d. 1799), judge and philosopher, was born at Monboddo, near Fordoun, Kincardineshire, and baptized on 25 October 1714. He was the eldest surviving son of James Burnett (b. 1688), third laird of Monboddo, and Elizabeth (1690–1765)...

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Cowen, Sir Zelman (1919–2011), legal scholar, governor-general of Australia, and college head, was born Zelman Cohen on 7 October 1919 in St Kilda, Melbourne, the only son of Bernard Cohen, later Cowen (1892–1975), businessman, and his wife Sara, née Granat (1893–1989). In March 1922 his father changed his surname by deed poll. Both families were part of the mass exodus of Jews from tsarist ...

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Creed, Sir Thomas Percival (1897–1969), lawyer and educationist, was born in Leicester on 29 January 1897, the third son in the family of five children of the Revd Colin John Creed, curate of St Peter's, Leicester, and later rector of Farthinghoe, Northamptonshire, and his wife, ...

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Crosbie, Andrew (1736–1785), lawyer and antiquary, was probably born at Soutergate, Dumfries. He was the surviving son (the elder died young) of Andrew Crosbie (d. 1762), provost of Dumfries (like his father, John), and Jean, daughter of James Grierson of Barjary...

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Dalrymple, Sir David, third baronet, Lord Hailes (1726–1792), judge and historian, was born on 26 October 1726 in Edinburgh, the eldest of the sixteen children of Sir James Dalrymple, second baronet (1692–1751), and Christian (c.1703–1770), daughter of Thomas Hamilton, sixth earl of Haddington...

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Dworkin, Ronald Myles (1931–2013), legal and political philosopher, was born on 11 December 1931 in Worcester, Massachusetts, USA, the elder son of David Dworkin (1896–1969), curtain manufacturer, and his wife, Madeline, née Taber (1905–1988), both of Russian Jewish descent, his father an immigrant from ...

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Thomas L. Hodgkin

revised by Mark Pottle

Fry, (Sara) Margery (1874–1958), penal reformer and college head, was born at Highgate, London, on 11 March 1874, the eighth child and sixth daughter of Sir Edward Fry (1827–1918), judge of the High Court, Chancery Division, and his wife, Mariabella Hodgkin (1833–1930). Joan Mary Fry...

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Gretton [née Sturge; first married name Henderson], Mary Gertrude Sturge (1871–1961), historian and magistrate, was born May Gertrude Sturge at 12 Cromwell Street, South Hamlet, Gloucester, on 1 May 1871, the second child and the eldest of three daughters of Joseph Marshall Sturge...

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Hayward, Sir John (1564?–1627), historian and civil lawyer, was born in Felixstowe, Suffolk, or in nearby Walton, where a John Haywarde, possibly his father, held modest property. Felixstowe parish subsidized Hayward's education at Pembroke College, Cambridge, where he graduated BA in 1581 and MA in 1584. In 1591 he became a doctor of laws, the statutory qualification for the practice of civil law in which he was actively engaged throughout his life, certainly from as early as 1595, when the archbishop of ...

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Johnson, Maurice (1688–1755), antiquary and barrister, was born in Spalding, Lincolnshire, on 19 June 1688, the eldest surviving son (a boy had been stillborn on 20 August 1685) of the seven children of Maurice Johnson (1661–1747), landowner, and his wife, Jane, née Johnson (1666–1703)...

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Jones, Sir William (1746–1794), orientalist and judge, was born at Beaufort Buildings, Westminster, on 28 September 1746, the youngest child of William Jones (c. 1675–1749) and Mary Nix (c.1705–1780), the gifted daughter of a cabinet-maker. His father, a distinguished Welsh mathematician and a friend of ...

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Lambarde, William (1536–1601), antiquary and lawyer, was born on 18 October 1536 in the parish of St Nicholas Acons, London, the elder son of John Lambarde or Lambert (1500–1554) and his first wife, Juliana (d. 1540), daughter of William Horne (d...

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Lesley [Leslie], John (1527–1596), bishop of Ross, historian, and conspirator, was born on 29 September 1527, the eldest illegitimate son of Gavin Lesley, parson of Kingussie, Inverness-shire, a descendant of the Lesleys of Balquhain. His mother was apparently a Ruthin, daughter of the laird of ...

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Lumley, John, Baron Lumley (c. 1533–1609), collector and conspirator, was the only son of George Lumley (d. 1537) [see under Lumley, John, fifth Baron Lumley 1492, 1545], conspirator, of Thwing, East Riding of Yorkshire, and his wife, Jane (d. in or after 1537)...

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Molyneux, William (1656–1698), experimental philosopher and constitutional writer, was born in Dublin, near Ormond Gate, on 17 April 1656, the second of five children of Samuel Molyneux (1616–1693), lawyer and landowner, and his wife, Anne, née Dowdall. His great-grandfather Thomas Molyneux (1531–1597) came from the English colony in ...