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Baines, (John) Thomas (1820–1875), artist and explorer, was born on 27 November 1820 at King's Lynn, Norfolk, the second son and one of three surviving children of Mary Ann Watson and John Thomas Baines, a master mariner. His father and maternal grandfather were amateur artists, his brother ...

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Baker, Sir Samuel White (1821–1893), traveller and explorer in Africa, was born on 8 June 1821 in London, the second of the eight children of Samuel Baker (d. 1862) of Lypiatt Park, Gloucestershire, and his first wife, Mary, daughter of Thomas Dobson...

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Burchell, William John (1781–1863), explorer and naturalist, was born in Fulham on 23 July 1781, one of three children and the only son of Matthew Burchell (d. 1828), botanist and the owner of the Fulham nursery. He was educated at Raleigh House Academy, Mitcham, Surrey...

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Burnham, Frederick Russell (1861–1947), scout and prospector, was born on 11 May 1861 in Tivoli, Minnesota, the elder son of Edwin Otway Burnham (d. 1873), Congregational minister and missionary, and his wife, Rebecca, née Russell, both of English descent. The family moved to ...

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Burton, Sir Richard Francis (1821–1890), explorer and author, was the son of Colonel Joseph Netterville Burton and Martha Beckwith, daughter and coheir of Richard Baker of Barham House, Hertfordshire. The eldest of three children, he was born on 19 March 1821 at Torquay...

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Cameron, Verney Lovett (1844–1894), explorer in Africa, was born on 1 July 1844 at Radipole, Weymouth, Dorset, one of eight children—and the third of five sons—of the Revd Jonathan Henry Lovett Cameron (1807–1888) MA of Trinity College, Cambridge, and vicar of Radipole and his wife, ...

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Denham, Dixon (1786–1828), explorer in Africa, born in London on 1 January 1786, was the son of James Denham and his wife, Eleanor, née Symonds. He was educated from 1793 at Merchant Taylors' School. After being briefly articled to a London solicitor, he joined the ...

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Doughty, Charles Montagu (1843–1926), explorer, travel writer, and poet, was born on 19 August 1843 at Theberton Hall, Leiston, Suffolk, the younger of two sons of the Revd Charles Montagu Doughty (1798–1850), landowner, and his wife, Frederica (d. 1843), daughter of the ...

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Dower, Kenneth Cecil Gandar- (1908–1944), sportsman and explorer, was born on 31 August 1908 at his parents' home at 17 Sussex Place, Regent's Park, London, the fourth and youngest son of Joseph Wilson Gandar-Dower (1848–1919), of independent means, and his wife, Amelia Frances Germaine (...

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Drake, Sir Francis (1540–1596), pirate, sea captain, and explorer, was born about February or March 1540 in Crowndale, near Tavistock, Devon, the eldest of five known children of Edmund Drake (d. 1566) of Tavistock. Edmund's wife is unknown, though she may have been named ...

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Elton, (James) Frederic (1840–1877), explorer of Africa, born on 3 August 1840, probably at Dedham, Essex, was the second son of Lieutenant-Colonel Roberts W. Elton of the 59th regiment, Bengal army, and the grandson of Jacob Elton of Dedham. When the Indian mutiny broke out in 1857 he entered the ...

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Frobisher, Sir Martin (1535?–1594), privateer, explorer, and naval commander, was descended from John Frobisher (b. c.1260), a Scot settled in lands near Chirk in Denbighshire granted in recognition of his services to Edward I during the Welsh wars. In the mid-fourteenth century the family crossed the ...

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Fuchs, Sir Vivian Ernest (1908–1999), explorer and scientist, was born on 11 February 1908 at Recluse Lodge, Freshwater, Isle of Wight, the only child of Ernst Fuchs (1882–1957) and Violet Anne Watson (1874–1942). His father was German and his English mother was born in ...

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Grant, James Augustus (1827–1892), explorer in Africa, was born at Nairn, Scotland, on 11 April 1827, the fifth child and fourth son of James Grant (1790–1853), Church of Scotland minister at Nairn since 1815, and his wife, Christian, daughter of John Mackintosh. He was educated by private tutors and then successively at ...

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Grenfell, George (1849–1906), Baptist missionary and explorer in Africa, was born at Ennis Cottage, Trannack Mill, Sancreed, near Penzance, Cornwall, on 21 August 1849, the son of George Grenfell of Trannack Mill, afterwards of Birmingham, and his wife, Joanna, daughter of Michael and ...

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Johnston, Sir Henry Hamilton [Harry] (1858–1927), explorer and colonial administrator, was born in London on 12 June 1858, the eldest of twelve children of John Brookes Johnston, secretary of the Royal Exchange Assurance Company, and his second wife, Esther Laetitia, daughter of Robert Hamilton...

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Laing, Alexander Gordon (1794–1826), army officer and explorer in Africa, was born in Edinburgh on 27 December 1794, the eldest son of William Laing, a schoolmaster and the founder of a classical academy in Edinburgh, and his wife, Margaret, the daughter of William Gordon...

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Livingstone, David (1813–1873), explorer and missionary, was born on 19 March 1813 at Blantyre, Lanarkshire. He was the second son of Neil Livingstone (1788–1856) and his wife, Agnes (1782–1865), daughter of David Hunter. Neil's father, also Neil, had been a tenant farmer on the island of ...

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Lyon, George Francis [alias Said-ben-Abdallah] (1795–1832), naval officer and explorer, son of a colonel in the army, was born at Chichester, Sussex. Around 1805 he was educated at Dr Burney's naval academy, Gosport, Hampshire, and entered the navy in 1808, had the commission of lieutenant confirmed in 1814, and saw much action....

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Parke, Thomas Heazle (1857–1893), army medical officer and explorer in Africa, was the second son of William Parke JP, of Clogher House, Drumsna, co. Roscommon, and Henrietta, daughter of Henry Holmes of Newport House, Isle of Wight. The family, said to be of Kentish origin, settled in ...