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Aislabie, William (1699/1700–1781), landscape designer and landowner, was probably born at Studley Royal in the West Riding of Yorkshire, the son of John Aislabie (1670–1742), politician, and his first wife, Anne (d. 1700), daughter of Sir William Rawlinson of Hendon, Middlesex. Details of his education are unknown, beyond that he went on a grand tour in 1720. In 1721 he was returned as an MP for ...

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Arkwright, Richard (1755–1843), cotton manufacturer and landowner, was born on 19 December 1755 at Bolton, Lancashire, the only son of Sir Richard Arkwright (1732–1792), cotton manufacturer, and his wife, Patience (d. 1756), daughter of Robert Holt. In 1780 he married Mary (...

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Astor, William Waldorf, first Viscount Astor (1848–1919), property owner and newspaper proprietor, was born on 31 March 1848 in New York, the only child of John Jacob Astor (1822–1890), manager of the family estate, and his wife, Charlotte Augusta Gibbes (1825–1887). He was educated privately and at ...

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Baillie, George, of Jerviswood (1664–1738), landowner and politician, born on 16 March 1664 at Jerviswood Tower, Lanarkshire, was the eldest child of Robert Baillie (d. 1684) and of his wife and cousin Rachel Johnston (d. 1697), daughter of the Presbyterian martyr Sir Archibald Johnston, ...

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Basset, Francis, Baron de Dunstanville and first Baron Basset (1757–1835), politician and landowner, was born at Walcot, Oxfordshire, on 9 August 1757, first-born of two sons and five daughters of Francis Basset (1715–1769), MP and landowner, of Tehidy, Cornwall, and his wife, Margaret...

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Bourchier, William, third earl of Bath (1557–1623), nobleman and administrator, was the only son of John Bourchier, Lord Fitzwarren or Fitzwarine (1529–1557), and his wife, Frances (d. 1586), third daughter of Sir Thomas Kitson of Hengrave (1485–1540). He was probably born at ...

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Boyle, Richard, first earl of Cork (1566–1643), landowner and administrator, was born at Preston, near Faversham in Kent, on 13 October 1566, the second son of Roger Boyle (d. 1576), landowner, and his wife, Joan, daughter of Robert Naylor. Roger Boyle, a cadet of a ...

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Brooke, George, ninth Baron Cobham (c. 1497–1558), soldier and landowner, was the eldest surviving son of Thomas Brooke, eighth Baron Cobham (d. 1529), and his first wife, Dorothy Heydon. He accompanied his father in attending Mary Tudor to her marriage with Louis XII of France...

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Bruce, Alexander, second earl of Kincardine (c. 1629–1680), landowner and politician, was the second son of Sir George Bruce (d. 1643) and his wife, Mary, daughter of Sir John Preston of Valleyfield. In 1645 Bruce matriculated at St Leonard's College, St Andrews...

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Bryene [Brian, Bryan; née Bures], Alice (c. 1360–1435), landowner, was probably born at Acton, near Sudbury, Suffolk, the only child of Sir Robert Bures (d. 1361) and his wife, Joan, née Sutton. Her great-grandfather Sir Robert Bures (d. 1331) was a member of ...

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Burke [de Burgh], Ulick, marquess of Clanricarde (1604–1658), landowner and politician, was the only son of Richard de Burgh, fourth earl of Clanricarde (1572–1635), and his wife, Frances (d. 1632), daughter and heir of Sir Francis Walsingham and widow of Sir Philip Sidney...

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Byrd, William (1674–1744), landowner and diarist, was born on 28 March 1674 near the fall line of the James River, Virginia, the first of five children of William Byrd (1652–1704), colonial officer and planter, and Mary Horsmanden Filmer (1650–1699), a well-connected widow and daughter of ...

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Calthorpe family (per. 1717–1910), landowners, politicians, and Birmingham benefactors, sustained for almost exactly 200 years a significant territorial link with the city, in ways, and to an extent, that have not been true of any other local dynasty in modern times, and those links continued throughout the twentieth century....

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Carington, Charles Robert Wynn- [formerly Charles Robert Carrington], marquess of Lincolnshire (1843–1928), politician and landowner, was born in Whitehall, London, on 16 May 1843, the elder son of Robert John Carrington (formerly Smith), second Baron Carrington, and his second wife, Charlotte, younger daughter of ...

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Cavendish, William, seventh duke of Devonshire (1808–1891), landowner and industrialist, was born on 27 April 1808, in Charles Street, Berkeley Square, London, the eldest of the four children of William Cavendish (1783–1812) and his wife, the Hon. Louisa O'Callaghan (d. 1863), eldest daughter of ...

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Chichester, Rosalie Caroline (1865–1949), landowner, was born on 29 November 1865 at Arlington Court, Devon, the only child of Sir Alexander Palmer Bruce Chichester (1842–1881), baronet, and his wife, Rosalie Amelia (1842/3–1908), daughter of Thomas Chamberlayne of Cranbury Park, Hampshire. Both parents came from long-established, well-connected ‘county’ families. Her paternal grandfather, ...

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Clerk, Sir John, of Penicuik, first baronet (1649/50–1722), landowner and coal owner, was born probably at Penicuik in Edinburghshire, the son of John Clerk (1611–1674), merchant and art collector, and Mary (bap. 1630, d. in or before 1668), the daughter of Sir William Gray...

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Clinton, Henry Pelham Fiennes Pelham-, fourth duke of Newcastle under Lyme (1785–1851), landowner and politician, was the elder son of Thomas Pelham-Clinton, third duke of Newcastle under Lyme (1752–1795), and his wife, Lady Anna Maria Stanhope (1760–1834), fifth daughter of William Stanhope, second earl of Harrington...

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Clutterbuck, Robert (1772–1831), local historian and landowner, was born and baptized at Watford House, High Street, Watford, in Hertfordshire, on 28 January 1772. He was the eldest surviving son of Thomas Clutterbuck the younger (1744–1791) and Sarah Thurgood (1749–1788), daughter of Robert and ...

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Cowper, Francis Thomas de Grey, seventh Earl Cowper (1834–1905), politician and landowner, was born on 11 June 1834 in Berkeley Square, London. Styled Viscount Fordwich until he succeeded to his father's title, he was the eldest in the family of two sons and four daughters of ...