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Arne, Thomas Augustine (1710–1778), composer and musical performer, was born in King Street, Covent Garden, London, on 12 March 1710, the son of Thomas Arne (bap. 1682, d. 1736) [see under Arne family], upholsterer and undertaker, and his second wife, Anne, ...

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Barbirolli, Sir John [formerly Giovanni Battista] (1899–1970), conductor and cellist, was born Giovanni Battista at 12 Southampton Row, London, on 2 December 1899, the elder son and second of the three children of an émigré Italian violinist, Lorenzo Barbirolli (1864–1928), and his Parisian wife, ...

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Barriteau, Carl Aldric Stanley (1914–1998), clarinettist and bandleader, was born on 7 February 1914 in Port of Spain, Trinidad, the elder son and eldest of four children of Josiah Stanley Barriteau, stenographer and journalist, and his wife, May (b. c.1894). Both parents were Trinidadian. He spent his early childhood in ...

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Blanke, John (fl. 1507–1512), royal trumpeter, was employed as a musician at the courts of Henry VII and Henry VIII, making his first recorded appearance there in 1507. He is thought to have been of African descent, but his age, place of birth, and parentage are unknown. His surname may have originated as a nickname, derived from the word ...

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Carolan, Turlough [Toirdhealbhach Ó Cearbhalláin] (1670–1738), harper and composer, was born near Nobber, co. Meath, where his father (identified variously as John and Brian) was probably a small farmer and perhaps also an ironworker. When the young Carolan was in his early teens the family moved to ...

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Caton, Lauderic Rex (1910–1999), guitarist and composer, was born on 31 August 1910 in Arena, Cedros, Trinidad, the fourth son and last among the eight children of Robert Caton, a merchant, and Margaret Caton, a baker. His father, who was of St Lucian descent, left soon after his birth and he was brought up by his mother, a Trinidadian. He learned tonic solfa at school and from the age of ten taught reading, writing, and arithmetic in elementary school. He also learned to play his brother-in-law's guitar and took violin lessons while studying diesel engineering in ...

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Chopin, Fryderyk Franciszek [Frédéric François] (1810–1849), composer and pianist, was born at Żelazowa Wola, near Warsaw, probably on 1 March 1810, the second of the four children of the Frenchman Nicolas (Mikołaj) Chopin (1771–1844), a tutor, and his Polish wife, Tekla-Justyna Krzyżanowska (1782–1861)...

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Clementi, Muzio (1752–1832), composer, pianist, and teacher, was born on 23 January 1752 in Damaso, Rome, the eldest of seven children of Nicolo Clementi (1720–1789), a silversmith, and his wife, Magdalena, née Kaiser (d. 1785). He received the standard musical training of a church organist from various teachers in ...

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Dragonetti, Domenico Carlo Maria (1763–1846), double bass player and composer, was born on 7 April 1763 in the parish of San Gervasio and San Protasio, Venice. Of his parents, Pietro Dragonetti and Cattarina Calegari, little is known, although it is speculated that his father played both the double bass and the guitar and may have been a gondolier. His mother bore at least one other child, ...

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Fenby, Eric William (1906–1997), musician and musicologist, was born on 22 April 1906 at 92 Candler Street, Scarborough, Yorkshire, the only son and oldest of three children of Herbert Henry Fenby (1870–1954), engineer, and his wife, Ada Brown (1878–1974). He was educated at ...

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Giardini [Degiardino], Felice (1716–1796), violinist and composer, was born in Turin, Italy, on 12 April 1716, the son of a French musician named Jardin, who introduced him to the violin. After time spent in Milan as a cathedral chorister and student of singing, composition, and harpsichord playing (under ...

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Goossens, (Annie) Sidonie [Sid] (1899–2004), harpist, was born at 78 Seaview Road, Liscard, Cheshire, on 19 October 1899, the fifth and youngest surviving child of Eugène Goossens (1867–1958), violinist and conductor, and his wife, Annie, née Cook (1860–1946), opera singer. Her father was conductor of the ...

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Hallé, Sir Charles [formerly Carl Halle] (1819–1895), conductor and pianist, was born on 11 April 1819 in Hagen, Westphalia. He was the son of a church organist and concert director, Friedrich Halle, and his wife, Caroline Branschedt. He had his first piano lessons at the age of three and soon showed extraordinary talent, giving a public performance when he was four of a sonatina composed by his father. When he was eleven he deputized for his father and conducted all the operas (at least ten) during the annual visit of a touring company. They included ...

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Hallé [other married name Norman-Neruda], Wilma [née Vilemína Maria Franziška Nerudová], Lady Hallé (1838?–1911), violinist, was born on 21 March, probably in 1838 rather than in 1839 as is often stated. She was the third child and second daughter of the ten children of ...

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Hamilton, Raphael Thomas [Andy] (1918–2012), saxophonist, bandleader, and community leader, was born on 26 March 1918 at Port Maria, Jamaica, the only child of Michael Hamilton, a farmer and butcher, and his wife, Miller. He grew up in Port Maria on the north coast of the island, where he formed a vocal group as a child and played the traditional Jamaican instrument, the bamboo saxophone, a straight pipe with sound-holes, a flared bell, and a single reed, similar to the north African double-reed ...

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Hutchinson, Leslie George [known as Leslie Jiver Hutchinson] (1906–1959), trumpeter and bandleader, was born on 18 March 1906 at Hope Road, Cross Roads, St Andrew parish, Jamaica, the only son and the younger child of John Hutchinson, a soldier and farmer, and ...

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Locke, Matthew (c. 1622–1677), organist and composer, is presumed to have been born in Devon, though attempts to link him with a Locke family resident in Exeter at the time have proved inconclusive. His date of birth is inferred from the inscription 'aetat 40 anno domini 1662' on a portrait given to the ...

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Lympany [née Johnstone], Dame Moura (1916–2005), pianist, was born Mary Gertrude Johnstone at Greenbank Villa, Saltash, Cornwall, on 18 August 1916, the daughter of John Johnstone, then serving as a captain in the Australian infantry, and his wife, Beatrice Mary, née Limpenny...

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Lynott, Philip Parris [Phil] (1949–1986), singer and guitarist, was born at Hallam Hospital, West Bromwich, Birmingham, on 20 August 1949, the illegitimate son of a black Brazilian father, Cecil Parris (to whom he subsequently dedicated his 1974 book of poetry, Songs for while I'm Away...

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Mantovani, Annunzio Paolo (1905–1980), orchestra leader and musical arranger, was born on 15 November 1905 in Venice, Italy, the son of (Bismark) Benedetto Mantovani and his wife, Iparia Gandino (d. 1969). His father, born in Rovigo, was a violinist and leader of the orchestra at ...