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Arne, Thomas Augustine (1710–1778), composer and musical performer, was born in King Street, Covent Garden, London, on 12 March 1710, the son of Thomas Arne (bap. 1682, d. 1736) [see under Arne family], upholsterer and undertaker, and his second wife, Anne, ...

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Arnold, Sir Malcolm Henry (1921–2006), trumpeter and composer, was born at Fairview, Cliftonville, Northampton, on 21 October 1921, the fourth son and fifth and youngest child of William Arnold, shoe manufacturer, and his wife, Annie, née Hawes. Coincidentally, two other well-known British composers of the twentieth century, ...

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Attwood, Thomas (1765–1838), composer and organist, was born on 23 November 1765, probably at 20 Eaton Street, Pimlico, Middlesex. He was the second of the six children of Thomas Attwood (d. 1825), a coal merchant and musician who played trumpet, horn, and viola in the king's band, and his wife, ...

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Blow, John (1648?–1708), musician and composer, was baptized at St Mary Magdalene, Newark-on-Trent, Nottinghamshire, on 23 February 1649. The record of his doctorate at Lambeth Palace confirms the identification; the age on his marriage allegation suggests that he was born in 1648. He was the second of three children of ...

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Boyce, William (bap. 1711, d. 1779), composer, organist, and music editor, was born in Maiden Lane, London, and was baptized on 11 September 1711 at St James Garlickhythe, the youngest of four children of John Boyce (1673–1752), joiner and cabinet-maker, and his wife, ...

Article

W. G. Alcock

revised by Judith Blezzard

Bridge, Sir (John) Frederick (1844–1924), organist and composer, was born on 5 December 1844 at Oldbury, Worcestershire, the eldest son of John Bridge, of Oldbury, and his wife, Rebecca Cox. After moving to Rochester, John Bridge was appointed a vicar-choral at the cathedral. ...

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Carolan, Turlough [Toirdhealbhach Ó Cearbhalláin] (1670–1738), harper and composer, was born near Nobber, co. Meath, where his father (identified variously as John and Brian) was probably a small farmer and perhaps also an ironworker. When the young Carolan was in his early teens the family moved to ...

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Caton, Lauderic Rex (1910–1999), guitarist and composer, was born on 31 August 1910 in Arena, Cedros, Trinidad, the fourth son and last among the eight children of Robert Caton, a merchant, and Margaret Caton, a baker. His father, who was of St Lucian descent, left soon after his birth and he was brought up by his mother, a Trinidadian. He learned tonic solfa at school and from the age of ten taught reading, writing, and arithmetic in elementary school. He also learned to play his brother-in-law's guitar and took violin lessons while studying diesel engineering in ...

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Child, William (1606/7–1697), composer and organist, was born in Bristol, and, according to Anthony Wood (Wood, Ath. Oxon., 2.265), educated under Elway Bevin, the cathedral organist. There is, however, no evidence that he was a chorister at the cathedral, although on 5 April 1620 he was apprenticed to one of the lay clerks, ...

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Chopin, Fryderyk Franciszek [Frédéric François] (1810–1849), composer and pianist, was born at Żelazowa Wola, near Warsaw, probably on 1 March 1810, the second of the four children of the Frenchman Nicolas (Mikołaj) Chopin (1771–1844), a tutor, and his Polish wife, Tekla-Justyna Krzyżanowska (1782–1861)...

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Clementi, Muzio (1752–1832), composer, pianist, and teacher, was born on 23 January 1752 in Damaso, Rome, the eldest of seven children of Nicolo Clementi (1720–1789), a silversmith, and his wife, Magdalena, née Kaiser (d. 1785). He received the standard musical training of a church organist from various teachers in ...

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Croft, William (bap. 1678, d. 1727), organist and composer, was born presumably at the Shirley Manor House in Nether Eatington, Warwickshire, the fourth of seven children of William Croft (1614–1690) and his wife, Jane Brent, daughter of the late vicar of Nether Eatington...

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Crotch, William (1775–1847), composer and organist, was born on 5 July 1775 at Green's Lane, St George Colgate, Norwich, the only child of Michael Crotch (1735–1813), a carpenter, and his second wife, Isabella (1737–1830); he had two older half-brothers, the children of his father's first marriage to ...

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Davies, Sir (Henry) Walford (1869–1941), composer and organist, was born on 6 September 1869 in Willow Street, Oswestry, Shropshire, the seventh child and fourth surviving son of John Whitridge Davies (d. 1885), accountant, and his wife, Susannah, daughter of Thomas Gregory, jeweller. After attending ...

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Dragonetti, Domenico Carlo Maria (1763–1846), double bass player and composer, was born on 7 April 1763 in the parish of San Gervasio and San Protasio, Venice. Of his parents, Pietro Dragonetti and Cattarina Calegari, little is known, although it is speculated that his father played both the double bass and the guitar and may have been a gondolier. His mother bore at least one other child, ...

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Gauntlett, Henry John (1805–1876), organist, organ designer, and composer, was born at Wellington, Shropshire, on 9 July 1805. He was the second son and fourth child of the Revd Henry Gauntlett (1762–1833), originally from Wiltshire, and from 1815 vicar of Olney, Buckinghamshire, and his wife, ...

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Giardini [Degiardino], Felice (1716–1796), violinist and composer, was born in Turin, Italy, on 12 April 1716, the son of a French musician named Jardin, who introduced him to the violin. After time spent in Milan as a cathedral chorister and student of singing, composition, and harpsichord playing (under ...

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Gibbons, Christopher (bap. 1615, d. 1676), organist and composer, was baptized on 22 August 1615 at St Margaret's, Westminster, the third of the seven children of the composer Orlando Gibbons (bap. 1583, d. 1625) and his wife, Elizabeth (1590–1626), daughter of John Patten...

Article

L. M. Middleton

revised by K. D. Reynolds

Gibbs, Joseph (1699–1788), organist and composer, was born on 23 December 1699. He was prominent in the musical life of East Anglia, and was organist of St Nicholas's, Harwich (c.1734), of Dedham, in Essex (c.1744), and, from 1748, of ...

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Gow, Nathaniel (1763–1831), fiddler and composer, was born on 27 May 1763 at Inver, near Dunkeld, Perthshire, and baptized at Little Dunkeld two days later, the fourth of the five sons of Niel Gow (1727–1807) and his first wife, Margaret Wiseman. The date of his birth, which has often been given wrongly, is established by the baptismal register for ...