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Adler, Lawrence Cecil [Larry] (1914–2001), harmonica player and composer, was born on 10 February 1914 in Baltimore, Maryland, USA, the son of Louis Adler, plumber, and his wife, Sadie Hack. His family were of Russian descent and changed their name from Zelakovitch to ...

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W. B. Squire

revised by Anne Pimlott Baker

Anderson [née Philpot], Lucy (1797–1878), pianist, was born on 12 December 1797 in Bath, the daughter of John Philpot, a music seller. Her father, who intended her to take up the harp, was her first piano teacher, but in spite of her poor eyesight she soon made such progress on the piano that she appeared as a solo player in ...

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Armstrong, Sir Thomas Henry Wait (1898–1994), organist and college administrator, was born on 15 June 1898 at Peterborough, the only son of Amos Ebenezer Armstrong (1878–1950), an organist and choirmaster, and his wife, Elizabeth Annie West, née Handford (1880–1939), a former headmistress. He had two younger sisters, ...

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Arne, Thomas Augustine (1710–1778), composer and musical performer, was born in King Street, Covent Garden, London, on 12 March 1710, the son of Thomas Arne (bap. 1682, d. 1736) [see under Arne family], upholsterer and undertaker, and his second wife, Anne, ...

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Arnold, Sir Malcolm Henry (1921–2006), trumpeter and composer, was born at Fairview, Cliftonville, Northampton, on 21 October 1921, the fourth son and fifth and youngest child of William Arnold, shoe manufacturer, and his wife, Annie, née Hawes. Coincidentally, two other well-known British composers of the twentieth century, ...

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Attwood, Thomas (1765–1838), composer and organist, was born on 23 November 1765, probably at 20 Eaton Street, Pimlico, Middlesex. He was the second of the six children of Thomas Attwood (d. 1825), a coal merchant and musician who played trumpet, horn, and viola in the king's band, and his wife, ...

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Atwell, (Una) Winifred (c. 1913–1983), pianist and entertainer, was born on 27 April c.1913 in Jubilee Street, Tunapuna, near Port of Spain, Trinidad, the only child of a chemist, Frederick Monroe Atwell (d. 1958), and a district nurse, Sarah Elizabeth (...

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Audain, Ida Augusta (1854?–1932), harpist, was born around 1854 in Kingstown, St Vincent, the daughter of a merchant, John Audain, later a member of the Executive and Legislative Councils of St Vincent and owner of the Richmond Hill estate, and his black wife, ...

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Bailey, Derek (1930–2005), guitarist and musical theorist, was born on 29 January 1930 in Nether Edge Hospital, Sheffield, the only child of George Edward Bailey (d. 1965), barber, and his wife, Lily, née Wing (d. 1996). His maternal grandfather, Percy Wing...

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Baker, Kenneth [Kenny] (1921–1999), jazz trumpeter, was born at 73 Queen Street in the east Yorkshire town of Withernsea on 1 March 1921. Both parents were musical: Kenny's father, Herman Baker, a boot- and shoemaker, played the clarinet and saxophone, while his mother, ...

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Ball, Kenneth Daniel [Kenny] (1930–2013), trumpeter, was born at 30 Mayesbrook Road, Ilford, Essex, on 22 May 1930, the youngest of nine children of James Daniel Ball (1888–1986), printer and master bookbinder, and his wife, Ethel Louise, née Glithero (1886–1962), a dressmaker at the time of her marriage. He took up the harmonica at ten, learned the bugle while a member of the ...

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Barbirolli, Sir John [formerly Giovanni Battista] (1899–1970), conductor and cellist, was born Giovanni Battista at 12 Southampton Row, London, on 2 December 1899, the elder son and second of the three children of an émigré Italian violinist, Lorenzo Barbirolli (1864–1928), and his Parisian wife, ...

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Barclay, Victor Robert [Bob] (1911–1987), musician and bandleader, was born at 45 Wellington Street, Greenock, Renfrewshire, on 10 July 1911, the elder son and eldest of three children of William Bartholomew Barclay, labourer and coalminer, and his wife, Janet Adamson, née Chrystal, factory worker. His father was of ...

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Barrett, Roger Keith [Syd] (1946–2006), musician and songwriter, was born on 6 January 1946 at 60 Glisson Road, Cambridge, the fourth of five children of Arthur Max Barrett, medical practitioner, and his wife, Winifred Flack, née Heeps. Educated at the Cambridge and County High School for Boys...

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Barriteau, Carl Aldric Stanley (1914–1998), clarinettist and bandleader, was born on 7 February 1914 in Port of Spain, Trinidad, the elder son and eldest of four children of Josiah Stanley Barriteau, stenographer and journalist, and his wife, May (b. c.1894). Both parents were Trinidadian. He spent his early childhood in ...

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Beckett, Harold Winston [Harry] (1923–2010), jazz trumpeter, was born on 30 May 1923 in St Michael Parish, Barbados, the son of Vivian Cox Beckett, plumber. It was in this British colony that he first heard overseas broadcasts by UK-based bandleaders including Bert Ambrose...

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Benjamin, Arthur Leslie (1893–1960), composer and pianist, was born on 18 September 1893 in Sydney, Australia, the son of Abram Benjamin and his wife, Amelia (whose maiden name may also have been Benjamin). His father worked on the stock exchange. Benjamin began his career as a pianist at the age of six. He studied at ...

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Black, Stanley (1913–2002), bandleader, pianist, and composer, was born in the London Hospital, Whitechapel, London, on 14 June 1913, the son of Lewis Schwartz, shoe dealer, and his wife, Sophia, formerly Diamond. He began taking piano lessons at the age of seven, and went on to study at the ...

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Blades, James (1901–1999), percussionist and author, was born on 9 September 1901 at 166 Star Road, Peterborough, the eldest among the four sons and one daughter of Thomas Weston Blades (1879–1953), journeyman tailor, and his wife, Catherine Close (d. 1921). Jimmy Blades...

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Blagrave, Thomas (d. 1688), musician, was the eldest son of Richard Blagrave (d. 1641) and his third wife, Ann (d. in or after 1672), who were married at Northwood, Isle of Wight, on 19 February 1622. Richard, of Berkshire ancestry, was a musician at the court of ...