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Allen, John Willoughby Tarleton (1904–1979), colonial administrator and Swahili scholar, was born at Chalfont St Peter, Buckinghamshire, on 14 November 1904, the second child and only son of the vicar, the Revd Roland Allen (1868–1947), writer and theologian, and his wife, Mary Beatrice, ...

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Bell, Andrew (1753–1832), Church of England clergyman and educationist, was born on 27 March 1753 in South Street, St Andrews, the second son of baillie Alexander Bell (d. 1789) and his wife, Margaret Robertson. His father, who was talented and well-educated, figured prominently in the community; by trade a wig-maker, he was also assistant at ...

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Benson [married name McDowall], Ada (1840–1882), headmistress and educationist, was born on 27 November 1840 at Winson Green, Birmingham, sixth of the eight children of Edward White Benson (1800–1843), chemical manufacturer, and his wife, Harriet (née Baker). Their mother's death in 1850 left the six surviving orphans unprovided for, and they were separated into the care of friends and relatives; ...

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Brewer, Ebenezer Cobham (1810–1897), educationist and lexicographer, was born in Russell Square, Bloomsbury, London, on 2 May 1810, the third of the eleven surviving children of John Sherren Brewer (1775/6–1848), a Norwich schoolmaster, and his second wife, Elizabeth, daughter of Robert Kitton of ...

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Bulwer, John (bap. 1606, d. 1656), medical practitioner and writer on deafness and on gesture, was the second and only surviving son of Thomas Bulwer (d. 1649), a London apothecary, and Marie (d. 1638), daughter of George Evanes of St Albans, Hertfordshire...

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Bunsen, Sir Bernard de (1907–1990), educationist, was born on 24 July 1907 at Southacre, Trumpington, near Cambridge, the second of the three children of Lothar Henry George de Bunsen (1858–1950) and his second wife, Victoria Alexandrina (1874–1953), daughter of Sir Thomas Fowell Buxton, ...

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Burrows, Christine Mary Elizabeth (1872–1959), educationist and college head, was born at New Street, Chipping Norton, Oxfordshire, on 4 January 1872. She was the only and posthumous child of Henry Parker Burrows (1833–1871), a partner in Langton Burrows Breweries, Maidenhead, and his wife, ...

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Carmichael, Richard (1779–1849), surgeon and educationist, was born in Bishop Street, Dublin, on 6 February 1779, the fourth son of Hugh Carmichael, solicitor, who was closely related to the Scottish family of the earls of Hyndford, and his wife, Sarah (née Rogers)...

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Childs, William Macbride (1869–1939), educationist, was born at Carrington vicarage, Carrington, near Boston, Lincolnshire, on 3 January 1869, the only child of the Revd William Linington Childs (1821–1893), vicar of Carrington, and his second wife, Henrietta Fowles Bell (1833–1889), daughter of a local estate manager; there were a son and two daughters of the first marriage. He was educated from 1879 to 1887 at ...

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William Benham

revised by M. C. Curthoys

Clark, Samuel (1810–1875), educationist, the youngest of ten children of Joseph and Fanny Clark, was born at Southampton on 19 May 1810. His father, a prosperous brush and basket maker of the town, was a member of the Society of Friends. Samuel was brought up a strict Quaker. One of his earliest recollections was of being patted on the head by ...

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Clarke, Sir Fred (1880–1952), educationist, was born on 2 August 1880 at High Coggs, near Witney, Oxfordshire, the third son of the nine children of William Clarke and Annie Clarke (née Figg), a dressmaker. William Clarke worked in a variety of occupations connected with farming, and he also promoted social and educational reforms, for example as the founder of the ...

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Coleridge, Derwent (1800–1883), writer and educationist, was born on 14 September 1800 at Greta Hall, Keswick, Cumberland, the second of the three surviving children of the poet Samuel Taylor Coleridge (1772–1834) and his wife, Sara (1770–1845), daughter of Stephen Fricker of Bristol. From early childhood he showed the sturdy independence and dogged determination which characterized his life. After attending ...

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Colman, Grace Mary (1892–1971), educationist and politician, was born at 7 Dorlcote Road, Wandsworth, London, on 30 April 1892, the daughter of Frederick Selincourt Colman (1857–1917), vicar of Earlsfield and later a canon of Worcester Cathedral, and his wife, Constance Mary Hawkings. Grace's...

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Comenius, Johannes Amos [Jan Amos Komenský] (1592–1670), theologian and educationist, was born on 28 March 1592, the only son of Martin Segeš Komenský (d. 1602), a burgher in Uherský Brod, and his wife, Anna (d. 1603). Comenius was born in Moravia...

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Cosway [née Hadfield], Maria Louisa Catherine Cecilia, Baroness Cosway in the nobility of the Austrian empire (1760–1838), history painter and educationist, was born at her father's hotel, Hadfield's (or Carlo's), Lungarno Capponi, Florence, on 17 July 1760, the eldest of five surviving children of ...

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Cox, Sir Christopher William Machell (1899–1982), educationist, was born on 17 November 1899 at Hastings, Sussex, the eldest of three sons of Arthur Henry Machell Cox (1870–1947), a schoolmaster and later headmaster of Mount House School, Plymouth, and his wife, Dorothy Alice Wimbush (1876–1947)...

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R. E. M. Bowden

revised by Ruth E. M. Bowden

Cullis, Winifred Clara (1875–1956), physiologist and educationist, was the younger daughter and the fifth of the six children of Frederick John Cullis (1842–1931), surveyor and civil engineer of the Gloucester Dock Company, and his wife, Louisa, daughter of John Corbett of Coombe Hill...

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Dawson, Sir John William (1820–1899), geologist and educationist, was born on 13 October 1820 in Pictou, Nova Scotia, the elder of the two sons of James Dawson (1789–1858?), then a merchant and later a bookseller, and Mary Rankine of Stirlingshire. Mary, whose parents had died when she was young, was raised by relatives in ...

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Dodd, Catherine Isabella (1860–1932), educationist and author, was born on 8 April 1860 at Hyrwicks Lane, Aston, Birmingham, one of four children of Thomas Milner Dodd, a factor's clerk and commercial traveller in the hardware trade, and his wife, Christian Kelly of the ...

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Dyce, William (1806–1864), painter and educationist, the fifth of fourteen children of William Dyce (1770–1836), a lecturer in medicine at Marischal College, was born on 19 September 1806 at 48 Marischal Street, Aberdeen. His mother was Margaret, daughter of James Chalmers of Westburn...