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Alexander, Frederick Matthias (1869–1955), originator of the Alexander technique and teacher, was born on 20 January 1869 at Wynyard, north-west Tasmania, the eldest of seven children of John Alexander (1843–1936), farmer and blacksmith, and his wife, Betsy Brown (d. 1923), a nurse....

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Altschul, Annie Therese (1919–2001), psychiatric nurse and teacher, was born into a middle-class Jewish family in Vienna on 18 February 1919, the daughter of Ludwig Altschul and his wife Marie. Despite the early death of her father, she enjoyed an idyllic childhood, which was enriched by her close family and the access she had to a diverse range of cultural activities. Her mother encouraged interest in the arts, sciences, and humanities, but ultimately it was mathematics that she chose for her undergraduate studies at the ...

Article

H. R. Tedder

revised by Michael Bevan

Atkinson, James (1759–1839), surgeon and bibliographer, the son of a medical practitioner and friend of Laurence Sterne, received his medical education as a pupil of Henry Cline of St Thomas's Hospital, London, and attended the lectures of Thomas Denman, physician-accoucheur to the Middlesex Hospital...

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Bulwer, John (bap. 1606, d. 1656), medical practitioner and writer on deafness and on gesture, was the second and only surviving son of Thomas Bulwer (d. 1649), a London apothecary, and Marie (d. 1638), daughter of George Evanes of St Albans, Hertfordshire...

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Carmichael, Richard (1779–1849), surgeon and educationist, was born in Bishop Street, Dublin, on 6 February 1779, the fourth son of Hugh Carmichael, solicitor, who was closely related to the Scottish family of the earls of Hyndford, and his wife, Sarah (née Rogers)...

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Case, John (1540/41?–1600), philosopher and physician, was born at Woodstock, Oxfordshire. He may have received his grammar-school education in Woodstock, where there was certainly a school before 1571. After spending some time as a chorister at New College and Christ Church, he transferred to ...

Article

R. E. M. Bowden

revised by Ruth E. M. Bowden

Cullis, Winifred Clara (1875–1956), physiologist and educationist, was the younger daughter and the fifth of the six children of Frederick John Cullis (1842–1931), surveyor and civil engineer of the Gloucester Dock Company, and his wife, Louisa, daughter of John Corbett of Coombe Hill...

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Drake, Francis (bap. 1696, d. 1771), antiquary and surgeon, was baptized in Pontefract on 22 January 1696, the son of Francis Drake (1654–1713), vicar of Pontefract and canon of York, and his second wife, Elizabeth, daughter and heir of John Dickson, town clerk of ...

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Foster, Sir Michael (1836–1907), physiologist and politician, was born in Huntingdon on 8 March 1836, the eldest child of the three sons and seven daughters of Michael Foster (1810–1880) and his wife, Mercy Cooper. Foster was the descendant of a line of nonconformist farmers in ...

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Gann, Thomas William Francis (1867–1938), colonial medical officer and archaeologist, was born at Murrisk Abbey, Westport, co. Mayo, his mother's family home, on 13 May 1867, the son of William Gann, later of Whitstable, Kent, and his wife, Elizabeth Rose Garvey. He was educated at the ...

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Glisson, Francis (1599?–1677), physician and philosopher, was most probably born in 1599 in Bristol, the third of at least thirteen children of William Glisson, tailor, and his wife, Mary, daughter of John Hancock of Kingsweston, Somerset, and South Perrott, Dorset. He attended the school at ...

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Hartley, David (bap. 1705, d. 1757), philosopher and physician, was baptized on 21 June 1705 at St John's, Halifax, Yorkshire. His father was David Hartley (1674–1720), BA 1695, Lincoln College, Oxford, a clergyman who served at Luddenden (1698–1705); Illingworth, Halifax (1705–17); and Armley, Leeds...

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Hinton, James (1822–1875), otologist and writer on philosophy, second son of John Howard Hinton (1791–1873), Baptist minister, was born at Reading, Berkshire. He was educated by his uncle at a school in Old Butcher Row, Oxford, which was founded by his grandfather, and afterwards at a school for nonconformists at ...

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Isaacs [née Fairhurst], Susan Sutherland (1885–1948), educational psychologist and psychoanalyst, was born on 24 May 1885, at 32 Bradshaw Brow, Turton, Bolton, Lancashire, the seventh of eight children of William Fairhurst, journalist and Methodist lay preacher, and his wife, Miriam Sutherland. Fairhurst's...

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Knox, Robert (1791–1862), anatomist and ethnologist, descended from a family of Kirkcudbright tenant farmers who claimed kinship with the ancient family of Ranfurly in Renfrewshire, which included the reformer John Knox, was the eighth child and fifth son of Robert Knox (d...

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Mead, Richard (1673–1754), physician and collector of books and art, was born at Worcester House, Stepney, Middlesex, on 11 August 1673, the eleventh child of thirteen of Matthew Meade (1628/9–1699), a nonconforming minister, and his wife, Elizabeth Walton (d. 1707). Matthew Meade...

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Morley, Henry (1822–1894), apothecary, journalist, and literary scholar, was born at 100 Hatton Garden, London, on 15 September 1822, the younger of the two sons of Henry Morley (1793–1877), a member of the Society of Apothecaries, and his wife, Anne Jane Hicks (...

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Rivers, William Halse Rivers (1864–1922), psychologist and anthropologist, was born on 12 March 1864 at Constitution Hill, Chatham, Kent, the eldest in the family of two sons and two daughters of Henry Frederick Rivers (1830–1911), curate, and his wife, Elizabeth Hunt. Family tradition claims that he was a descendant of ...

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Roget, Peter Mark (1779–1869), physician and philologist, was born in Broad Street, Soho, London, on 18 January 1779. He was the only son of John Roget (d. 1783), a native of Geneva and pastor of the French protestant church in Threadneedle Street, London...

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Sibbald, Sir Robert (1641–1722), physician and geographer, was born on 15 April 1641 in Blackfriars Wynd off Edinburgh's High Street, the fifth child and third son of David Sibbald (1589–1660), of Rankeillour, Fife, keeper of the great seal of Scotland, and his wife, ...