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Baily, Francis (1774–1844), stockbroker and astronomer, was born at Newbury, Berkshire, on 28 April 1774, the third son of Richard Baily (1744–1814), a banker, and his wife, Sarah Head (1745–1823). At the age of fourteen, following his education at the old grammar school in ...

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Bamford, Joseph Cyril (1916–2001), engineer and businessman, was born on 21 June 1916 at The Parks, New Road, Uttoxeter, Staffordshire, the son of Cyril Joseph Bamford, agricultural engineer, and his wife, Dolores Alice, née Turner. His family controlled and managed a long-established farm machinery business. The company, which manufactured balers and other equipment, had been started by his great-great-grandfather in 1812. He was brought up a Roman Catholic. After education at ...

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Cropper [née Trueman], Dame Hilary Mary (1941–2004), businesswoman, was born on 9 January 1941 at 6 Oldham Street, Bollington, near Macclesfield, Cheshire, the daughter of Arnold Trueman, a commercial clerk then serving as an aircraftsman second class in the RAF, and his wife, ...

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Edgeworth, Francis Ysidro (1845–1926), economist and statistician, was born on 8 February 1845 at Edgeworthstown in co. Longford, the fifth and last son of Francis Beaufort Edgeworth (1809–1846), and his wife, Rosa Florentina (1815–1864), daughter of General Antonio Eroles, an exile from the absolutist ...

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Finniston, Sir (Harold) Montague [Monty] (1912–1991), metallurgist and businessman, was born at 26 Aikenhead Road, Govanhill, Glasgow, on 15 August 1912, the eldest child in the family of two sons and three daughters of Robert Finniston and his wife, Esther, née Diamond. Both parents were Russian-Jewish immigrants; the original family name was ...

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Giffen, Sir Robert (1837–1910), economist and statistician, born on 22 July 1837 at Strathaven, Lanarkshire, was the younger son of Robert Giffen, a village grocer and an elder of the Presbyterian church, and his wife, Janet Wiseman. Giffen was educated at the village school. He read all the books he could find and, with his elder brother, ...

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Hartley, Sir Harold Brewer (1878–1972), physical chemist and industrial consultant, was born on 3 September 1878 in London, the only son of Harold Thomas Hartley, a mineral water manufacturer and later a partner in the publishing firm of Emmot, Hartley & Co., of ...

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Jevons, William Stanley (1835–1882), economist and philosopher of science, was born on 1 September 1835 at 14 Alfred Street, Liverpool, the ninth of the eleven children (of whom only six survived beyond infancy) of Thomas Jevons (1791–1855), iron merchant and inventor, and his wife, ...

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Levi, Leone (1821–1888), jurist, political economist, and statistician, was born on 6 June 1821 in Ancona, later part of the kingdom of Italy. He came from a middle-class Jewish family. His father, Isaac, and his elder brother were both merchants. Leone received a practical, commercial education and began working for his brother at the age of fifteen. He travelled to ...

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Lubbock, John, first Baron Avebury (1834–1913), banker, politician, and scientific writer, was born on 30 April 1834 at 29 Eaton Place, London, the eldest of eleven children of Sir John William Lubbock, third baronet (1803–1865), and his wife, Harriet Hotham (d. 1873)...

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Lubbock, Sir John William, third baronet (1803–1865), astronomer and banker, was born on 26 March 1803 in Duke Street, Westminster, London. He was the only child of Sir John William Lubbock, second baronet (1773–1840) and Mary Entwistle (d. 1845) of Manchester. The elder ...

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Marcet, Jane Haldimand (1769–1858), writer on science and political economy, was born in London, one of twelve children and only surviving daughter of the Swiss merchant and banker Anthony Francis Haldimand (1740/41–1817) and his wife, Jane (d. 1785). She was baptized on 23 June 1769. The ...

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Miller, Patrick (1731–1815), banker and inventor, was born at Glasgow, the third son of William Miller of Glenlee, and his wife, Janet Hamilton. He was a younger brother of Sir Thomas Miller, the lord president of the court of session. Although he was to claim that he began life '...

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Nelson, George Horatio, first Baron Nelson of Stafford (1887–1962), electrical engineer and company manager, was born at 102 Church Road, Islington, London, on 26 October 1887, the eldest child in the family of two sons and one daughter of George Nelson, textile merchant, of ...

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Ormerod, Eleanor Anne (1828–1901), economic entomologist, was born on 11 May 1828 at Sedbury Park, Gloucestershire, the youngest of the ten children of George Ormerod (1785–1873), historian and antiquary, and his wife, Sarah (1784–1860), eldest daughter of John Latham (1761–1843), a president of the ...

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Ridley, Henry Nicholas (1855–1956), economic botanist, was born on 10 December 1855 at West Harling Hall, Norfolk, the third child of the Revd Oliver Matthew Ridley and his wife, Louisa Pole, daughter of William Stuart, of Aldenham Abbey. He was a direct descendant of ...

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Scrope, George Julius Poulett [formerly George Julius Thomson] (1797–1876), geologist and political economist, was born in London on 10 March 1797. Baptized George Julius Thomson at St Peter-le-Poer in the City of London on 11 May 1797, he was the second son of the ...

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Simmons, John Richardson Mainwaring (1902–1985), office systems pioneer and company director, was born on 18 March 1902 at 52 Ward Place, Cinnamon Gardens, Colombo, Ceylon, the third child of Sydney Mainwaring Simmons (1870–1955), clerk in holy orders, and his first wife, Beatrice Margaret Reynolds (1869–1907)...

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Stamp, Josiah Charles, first Baron Stamp (1880–1941), statistician and business administrator, was born at Kilburn, London, on 21 June 1880. Of the seven children of his father, Charles Stamp (1852–1935), he was the third but eldest son to survive infancy; (Laurence) Dudley Stamp...

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Stone, Sir (John) Richard Nicholas (1913–1991), economist and statistician, was born on 30 August 1913, at 19 York Mansions, Battersea, London, the only child of Sir Gilbert Stone (1886–1967) and his wife, Elsie Lawton Scott (1884–1969). His father was a barrister who became a ...