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Baring, Alexander, first Baron Ashburton (1773–1848), merchant and banker, was born on 27 October 1773 (the frequently cited date of 1784 is incorrect) in Mincing Lane, London, the second child of the six sons and six daughters of Sir Francis Baring (1740–1810), merchant and banker, and his wife, ...

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Baring, Sir Francis, first baronet (1740–1810), merchant and merchant banker, was born at Larkbear, Exeter, on 18 April 1740, third of the four surviving sons and one daughter of John Baring (1697–1748) and his wife, Elizabeth Baring (1702–1766), daughter of John Vowler, a prosperous ...

Article

Cranfield, Lionel, first earl of Middlesex (1575–1645), merchant, financier, and government minister, was born in London, the second son of Thomas Cranfield (d. 1595), a London mercer and Eastland Company merchant, and his wife, Martha (d. 1609), daughter of Thomas's master, ...

Article

Cutler, Sir John (1607/8–1693), merchant and financier, was the son of Thomas Cutler, a member of the Grocers' Company. Early in his career he abandoned commerce for finance and specialized in lending money to impoverished landowners on the security of their estates. In this way he made a fortune and amassed considerable landed property during the interregnum, while discreetly avoiding any serious involvement in politics. In 1657 he acquired the ...

Article

Docker, (Frank) Dudley (1862–1944), industrialist and financier, was born at Paxton House, South Street, Smethwick, on 26 August 1862, youngest son of Ralph Docker (1809–1887), a solicitor who was for many years coroner for East Worcestershire and clerk of Smethwick's board of health...

Article

Gibbs, Henry Hucks, first Baron Aldenham (1819–1907), merchant and merchant banker, was born at Powis Place, Queen Square, Bloomsbury, London on 31 August 1819, the eldest son of the fourteen children of George Henry Gibbs (1785–1842) of Aldenham, Hertfordshire, and Clifton Hampden, Oxfordshire...

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Hicks, Baptist, first Viscount Campden (1551?–1629), mercer and moneylender, was the third son of Robert Hicks (d. 1557), a rich London citizen. He was probably educated at St Paul's School, and then at Trinity College, Cambridge. He was brought up in, and inherited, his father's flourishing mercer's business at the ...

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Leyland, Thomas (1752?–1827), merchant and banker, is thought to have been born in 1752, one of the two known children (he had a sister) of Richard Leyland of Knowsley, Lancashire. Nothing is known about his early life. By 1768, however, he was employed by ...

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Scawen, Sir William (1646/7–1722), merchant and politician, was born in St Germans, Cornwall, the fifth son of Robert Scawen (1602–1670) of Horton, Buckinghamshire, and his wife, Catherine, daughter of Cavendish Alsop, a London merchant. His younger brother Thomas 1654–1730 [see below]...

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Thompson, William (1793–1854), ironmaster and financier, was born at Grayrigg Head, near Kendal, Westmorland, the second son of James Thompson. He was educated at Charterhouse before joining the business of his uncle William Thompson, who had been a partner with Richard Crawshay (1744–1799)...