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Barnato, Barnett Isaacs [Barney] (1852–1897), diamond merchant and financier, born on 5 July 1852 at Aldgate, London, was the second son of the five children of Isaac Isaacs, shopkeeper, and Leah Isaacs (said to be related to the master of the rolls, Sir George Jessel...

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Cranfield, Lionel, first earl of Middlesex (1575–1645), merchant, financier, and government minister, was born in London, the second son of Thomas Cranfield (d. 1595), a London mercer and Eastland Company merchant, and his wife, Martha (d. 1609), daughter of Thomas's master, ...

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Cutler, Sir John (1607/8–1693), merchant and financier, was the son of Thomas Cutler, a member of the Grocers' Company. Early in his career he abandoned commerce for finance and specialized in lending money to impoverished landowners on the security of their estates. In this way he made a fortune and amassed considerable landed property during the interregnum, while discreetly avoiding any serious involvement in politics. In 1657 he acquired the ...

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Docker, (Frank) Dudley (1862–1944), industrialist and financier, was born at Paxton House, South Street, Smethwick, on 26 August 1862, youngest son of Ralph Docker (1809–1887), a solicitor who was for many years coroner for East Worcestershire and clerk of Smethwick's board of health...

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Hanson, James Edward, Baron Hanson (1922–2004), industrialist and financier, was born on 20 January 1922 at Wood Bank, Scar Lane, Golcar, Huddersfield, the elder son of Robert Hanson (1892–1973), businessman, and his wife, Louisa Ann, daughter of Albert Edward Rodgers. His father was a hard, domineering man who controlled several companies engaged in road haulage, coach operations, and coach travel, and whose early nineteenth-century ancestors had owned the pack-horses that carried cloth from weavers' cottages on the ...

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Hicks, Baptist, first Viscount Campden (1551?–1629), mercer and moneylender, was the third son of Robert Hicks (d. 1557), a rich London citizen. He was probably educated at St Paul's School, and then at Trinity College, Cambridge. He was brought up in, and inherited, his father's flourishing mercer's business at the ...

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Joel, Solomon Barnato (1865–1931), financier, was born on 21 December 1865, at 8 Sandys Row, Spitalfields, in the East End of London, the youngest of three sons of Joel Joel (d. 1893), cigar manufacturer and publican, and his wife, Catherine, daughter of ...

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Oppenheimer, Sir Ernest (1880–1957), diamond merchant and financier, was born in Friedberg, Germany, on 22 May 1880, the fifth son and eighth child of Eduard Oppenheimer (1841–1924), cigar merchant, and his wife, Nanny Hirschhorn (1841–1912). From the age of ten he was educated in French and classics at the ...

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Robinson, Sir John, first baronet (bap. 1615, d. 1680), merchant and financier, was baptized on 10 January 1615, the third but second surviving son of William Robinson DD, of Long Whatton, near Loughborough, archdeacon of Nottingham (1635–42), and his wife, Sarah, daughter of ...

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Rothschild, Nathan Mayer (1777–1836), merchant and financier, was born on 16 September 1777 at Frankfurt am Main, Germany. He was the son of Mayer Amschel Rothschild (1744–1812), coin dealer and money lender, and his wife Gutle (1753–1849), daughter of Wolf Schnapper, a wealthy ...

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Thompson, William (1793–1854), ironmaster and financier, was born at Grayrigg Head, near Kendal, Westmorland, the second son of James Thompson. He was educated at Charterhouse before joining the business of his uncle William Thompson, who had been a partner with Richard Crawshay (1744–1799)...