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Blackwell, Sir Basil Davenport (1922–2003), engineer and industrialist, was born on 8 February 1922 at 72 Hollyshaw Lane, Whitkirk, Yorkshire, the son of Alfred Blackwell, engineering company manager, and his wife, Hilda Kathleen Sophia, née Bretherick (later Lloyd). He was educated at Leeds grammar school...

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E. C. Shepherd

Reviser Peter G. Cooksley

Brown, Sir Arthur Whitten (1886–1948), air navigator and engineer, was born in Glasgow on 23 July 1886, the only child of American parents, Arthur George Brown, an electrical engineer, and his wife, Emma Whitten. Arthur was still an infant when his parents moved their home to ...

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G. P. Bulman

Reviser Anita McConnell

Buchanan, Sir John Scoular (1883–1966), aeronautical engineer, was born at Cambuslang, Lanarkshire, on 23 November 1883, the son of Joseph Buchanan, a steel smelter, and his wife, Janet M. Scoular Hogg. They also had another son and a daughter who emigrated to Canada...

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Cayley, Sir George, sixth baronet (1773–1857), aeronautical designer, was born on 27 December 1773 in Scarborough, Yorkshire, the only son of Sir Thomas Cayley (1732–1792), and his wife, Isabella Seton (d. 1828); there were also four daughters. After brief schooling in York...

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Chadwick, Roy (1893–1947), aircraft designer, was born at Farnworth, near Widnes, Lancashire, on 30 April 1893, the elder son of Charles Henry Chadwick, a mechanical engineer in Manchester, and his wife, Agnes Bradshaw. Educated at a school in Urmston and at the Manchester College of Technology...

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Cody [formerly Cowdery], Samuel Franklin (1861–1913), showman and aeronautical designer, was born on 6 March 1861 in Davenport, Iowa, USA, the fourth of five children of Samuel Franklin Cowdery (1833–1902), a former Union soldier and jobbing carpenter, and his wife, Phoebe Jane (1834–1900)...

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Dowty, Sir George Herbert (1901–1975), aeronautical engineer and industrialist, was born on 27 April 1901 at Pershore, Worcestershire, the son of William Dowty, a druggist and chemist in Pershore, and his wife, Laura Masters. He was the elder of twin boys by half an hour and the seventh son in the family. The twins were educated in a small private school in ...

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Edwards, Sir George Robert (1908–2003), aircraft designer and industrialist, was born on 9 July 1908 at 12 The Parade, Highams Park, Walthamstow, Essex, the son of Edwin George Edwards (1872–1938), a tobacconist and confectioner, and his wife, Mary Elizabeth (1872–1908), daughter of Robert Freeman...

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Fage, Arthur (1890–1977), aerodynamicist, was born on 4 March 1890 at Portsmouth, the youngest in a family of two sons and two daughters born to William John Fage (1859–1947), coppersmith at Portsmouth Dockyard, and his wife, Annie Crook (1862–1943). Educated at Portsmouth secondary school...

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Fedden, Sir (Alfred Hubert) Roy (1885–1973), aeronautical engineer, was born in Stoke Bishop, Bristol, on 6 June 1885, the youngest of three sons (there were no daughters) of Henry Fedden, a Bristol sugar merchant, of St Mary's, Stoke Bishop, and his wife, Mary Elizabeth...

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Havilland, Sir Geoffrey de (1882–1965), aircraft and aero-engine designer and manufacturer, was born at Magdala House, Terriers Wycombe, Buckinghamshire, on 27 July 1882, second of three sons of the Revd Charles de Havilland (1854–1920) and his first wife, Alice Jeannette (1854–1911), daughter of ...

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Masefield, Sir Peter Gordon (1914–2006), aeronautical engineer, journalist, and industrialist, was born at Tolima, Albert Road, Trentham, Staffordshire, on 19 March 1914, the son of William Gordon Masefield (1885–1974), a doctor specializing in mental health, and his wife, Marian Ada (1885–1976), daughter of ...

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Mitchell, Reginald Joseph (1895–1937), aircraft designer, was born on 20 May 1895 at 115 Congleton Road, Butt Lane, near Stoke-on-Trent, the eldest of the three sons of Herbert Mitchell (1865–1933), a Yorkshireman who served as headmaster successively in three Staffordshire schools and later established a printing business in the ...

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Perring, William George Arthur (1898–1951), aerodynamicist and government scientist, was born on 16 December 1898 in Gillingham, Kent, the eldest son of John Richard Brooking Perring, a shipwright, and his wife, Alice Johns, both formerly of Devon. In 1913 he commenced a seven-year apprenticeship at the ...

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Petter, (William) Edward Willoughby (1908–1968), aircraft designer, was born on 8 August 1908 at Highgate, Middlesex, the oldest in the family of three sons and one daughter of Ernest Willoughby Petter (1873–1954), co-founder and chairman of Petters Ltd, oil engine and aircraft manufacturers of ...

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Pippard, (Alfred John) Sutton (1891–1969), civil and aeronautical engineer, was born on 6 April 1891 at Yeovil, the eldest child in the family of three sons and two daughters of Alfred Pippard (d. c.1908), a building contractor, and his wife, Alice...

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Gordon Bruce

Reviser Robin Higham

Short, (Hugh) Oswald (1883–1969), aeronautical engineer, was born on 16 January 1883 at Stanton by Dale, Derbyshire, the fourth son and fifth child of Samuel Short, engineer, and his second wife, Emma Robinson. His formal education ceased on his father's death but he trained as an engineer by self-help and hands-on instruction from his brothers ...

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Sopwith, Sir Thomas Octave Murdoch (1888–1989), engineer and airman, was born on 18 January 1888 at 92 Cromwell Road, Kensington, west London, the eighth child and only son of Thomas Sopwith (1838–1898), managing director of the Spanish Lead Mines Company of Linares in ...

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Spicer [married name Pearse], Dorothy Norman (1908–1946), aviator and aeronautical engineer, was born on 31 July 1908 at Hadley Wood, Middlesex, the only daughter of Norman Spicer (d. 1936), a stockbroker, and his wife, Hilda Mary Sisterson. She was educated at the ...

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Wallis, Sir Barnes Neville (1887–1979), aeronautical designer and engineer, was born on 26 September 1887 at Ripley, Derbyshire, the second child in the family of three sons and one daughter of Charles George Wallis, general practitioner, and his wife, Edith Eyre, daughter of the ...